Automatic Rifles - Self-Loading Firearms
An automatic feed feature coupled with a high-capacity magazine separated the original service rifle from more modern offerings.The German Army gave birth to the modern day assault rifle with the development of their World War Two-era MP44 - often regarded as the 'father of assault rifles'. In fact, the system would be directly responsible for the design of the hugely successful Soviet Kalashnikov AK-47 assault rifles that are still found - and in many cases copied - throughout the world.
The advent of the automatic rifle would make the assault rifle the principle infantry weapon for the next century, incorporating facets of pistol, submachine gun and machine gun design into on complete and lethal package. Automatic rifles have evolved to a high level in today's markets. Systems that solely relied on man-stopping rounds, high rates of fire or large ammunition capacities are now melded together into complete products that can still be furthered in their lethality with the addition of grenade launchers, laser sights and telescopic lenses. Automatic rifles, without a doubt, have taken center stage in any conflict the world over.
There are a total of 191 Automatic Rifles - Self-Loading Firearms in the Military Factory. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order (1-to-Z). Flag images indicative of country of origin and not necessarily the primary operator.
The AAI ACR was one of several prototype weapons trialed during the U.S. Armys ACR program - none fulfilled the requirement.
The Iraqi Tabuk Designated Marksman Rifle has proven a very lethal performer in an urban battlefield environment.
The APS was specifically designed from the outset as an assault rifle that could fire a 5.66mm dart from its 26-round magazine.
The Ares-16 uses a modular design allowing for a carbine, assault rifle and light machine gun form to suit operator requirements.
The Ares Shrike 5.56 Advanced Weapon System can be configured to fulfill a variety of battlefield roles.
The Type 4 semi-automatic rifle - the so-called Japanese Garand - was a near-direct copy of the classic American M1 Garand and seen only at the end of World War 2.
While the Colt M16 service rifle originated with the ArmaLite / Colt AR-15, the AR-15 originated from the AR-10.
Nearly 10,000 of the AR-10 Battle Rifles were produced by a variety of manufacturers since the late-1950s.
The Armalite AR-18 was a complete redesign of the classic AR-15 automatic rifle and meant for simplified Third World license production methods.
The Arsenal AR-M1 Assault Rifle is a locally-produced and evolved Bulgarian form of the storied Soviet AK-47 series.
The AS Val is a specialized suppressed assault rifle used primarily by Russian forces.
The ASM-DT became a modernized replacement for the Cold War-era APS Underwater Assault Rifle.
The Barrett REC7 has proven a fine and reliable carbine system and its further evolution may someday replace the M4 Carbine for the US military.
The Beretta AS70/90 system has seen issuance to over a dozen world militaries and police forces.
The Beretta ARX-160 was introduced during 2008 with the Italian Army and has seen combat service during the War in Afghanistan.
Beretta familiarity with producing the war-winning American M1 Garand led to the evolution that was the BM59 Battle Rifle.
Though introduced during World War 1, the M1918 found its true value in the many conflicts involving it in the post-war years including World War 2, Korea and the Vietnam War.
Born in Australia, the M17S was raised in the United States by Bushmaster Firearms International of Maine.
The Bushmaster M4 is based on the classic Colt M4 Assault Carbine and used by several forces around the globe.
The Kulsprutegevar KG m/21 and m/37 guns were nothing more than modified Swedish Army versions of the famous American Browning Automatic Rifle.
Remaining neutral throughout World War 2, the Swedes still worked to stock their armed forces with viable weaponry including the Automatgevar m/42 self-loading rifle.
Despite its promising design, the CZ2000 family of automatic weapons failed to become the next Czech Army service gun.
The new CZ805 BREN series assault rifle was developed to replace the aged vz. 58 series which appeared in 1959.
Despite a superficial external appearance akin to the Soviet-era Kalashnikov AK-47 assault rifle, the CZ vz. 58 was of a wholly indigenous and unique Czech design.
The Charlton Automatic Rifle was developed to stock New Zealand military units with a capable Bren-like automatic weapon.
The Colt ACR was offered for the U.S. Armys Advanced Combat Rifle program looking to succeed the M16 family of rifles.
The Canadian C7 is similar to the American Colt M16A2 though with a few notable alterations to suit the Canadian military.
Colt markets their new LE901 series as the perfect accurate firearm for medium-to-large game hunting.
The M16 of 1963 began the line of classic assault weapons by Colt - since manufactured globally and encompassing endless offshoots of the base design.
The M16A2 improved upon many of the limitations encountered in the original Vietnam War-era M16 Assault Rifle.
The M16A4 is the latest incarnation of the M16 series of automatic rifles which debuted during the Vietnam War - and the current standard issue assault rifle of American forces.
A close-quarters version of the successful American M16A2 Assault Rifle became the popular M4 Assault Carbine.
SOPMOD kits - adding specialized accessories to the base M4A1 - evolve the M4 Carbine family of automatic weapons to new levels.
The KH2002 is an Iranian-designed bullpup assault rifle based internally on the American M16.
The Dragunov SVD was the standard Soviet and Warsaw Pact sniper rifle during a bulk of the Cold War years and remains in service today with a plethora of global operators.
The British L1A1 Battle Rifle makes no attempt to hide its Belgian FN FAL origins.
The L85 Individual Weapon is the standardized assault rifle of the British Army, utilizing the non-traditional bullpup configuration layout.
The FN CAL of Belgium failed to find many takers in its attempt to become a popular 5.56mm assault rifle.
The FN F2000 represents the next step in FN assault rifle design for the new century.
The sturdy, if unspectacular, FN FAL automatic rifle became a popular standard for NATO-aligned countries during the Cold War.
The FN FNC was an improved form of the ultimately abandoned FN CAL - both of 5.56x45mm NATO caliber.
The American M1918 BAR was produced under license in Belgium as the slightly modified FN Mle 1930.
The FN Mle D was an improved form of the base Mle 1930, which was itself born of the American BAR series.
The FN SCAR entered limited service in 2009 and serves with special forces units belonging to the United States, Britain, Germany, Malaysia, France and others.
Design of the Fabrique Nationale SAFN actually began prior to World War 2 but the German invasion of 1940 delayed its introduction considerably.
The Fallschirmjagergewehr 42 automatic rifle was developed specifically for German paratrooper forces of World War 2.
The Argentine FARA 83 / FAA 81 Assault Rifle was only produced in about 1,200 examples before a lack of funding forced its termination.
The Russian Fedorov Avtomat M1916 was introduced during World War 1 and managed an existence into World War 2.
The AK-63 Assault Rifle is a local Hungarian copy of the Soviet/Russian AKM series with a few alterations.
The AKM-63 was nothing more than a Hungarian-modernized Soviet AK-47 assault rifle.
The Hungarian AMD-65 assault rifle featured changes to the basic AK-47 design that made it useful to vehicle crews and the like.
The FERFRANS SOAR is an automatic assault weapons system intended to compete with the M4 Carbine line.
The French RSC semi-automatic rifle appeared towards the latter half of World War 1 but managed to see extended service into World War 2.
The FX-05 Assault Rifle was first observed in 2006 and entered formal service with the Mexican Army in 2008.
The Gustloff Volkssturmgewehr semi-automatic rifle was a late-war German initiative intended to arm the Volksstrum militia for the final defense of Berlin.
The Hakim Rifle was a locally-produced, licensed Egyptian copy of the Swedish Ljungman AG 42 series.
Despite its 1960s origins, the HK21 general purpose machine gun is still in use around the globe today.
The Heckler and Koch HK33E became a successor for the earlier production HK33 series automatic weapons.
The Heckler & Koch HK416 assault rifle utilizes an improved form of the gas system as found on the HK G36.
The HK 417 is chambered for the 7.62mm NATO standard cartridge and is categorized as a Battle Rifle.
The West German Heckler and Koch HK G11 was an attempt at a caseless assault rifle design.
The German-originated Heckler and Koch HK G3 assault rifle was, and continues to be, a robust and reliable weapon system.
The Heckler & Koch HK G36 assault rifle is the standard frontline service gun of the Germany Army.
The HK G41 was dropped from consideration at the same time as the HK G11 Caseless in favor of the new HK G36.
The Heckler and Koch M27 Infantry Automatic Rifle is based upon the in-service HK 416 series gun and may succeed the M249 LMG line in USMC service.
The German-made PSG-1 Precision Sniping Rifle went on to find a plethora of operators worldwide - from Albania to Vietnam.
The HK SL8 was developed for German reservists as a comperable understudy to the G36 as used by the Army.
The Heckler and Koch XM29 Objective Individual Combat Weapon system was formally cancelled in October of 2004.
The promising HK XM8 was born out of the failed OICW program of the US Army.
Though still in production, the Howa Type 64 has since been overtaken in use by the Howa Type 89 assault rifle.
The Howa Type 89 is a modern 5.56x45mm NATO-caliber assault rifle in service with the Japanese Self-Defense Force.
The HS Produkt VHS assault rifle was developed in response to a Croatian Army need for a NATO-standard weapon
The IMBEL MD-2 is part of the IMBEL MD automatic rifle line making up the standard Brazilian Army assault weapon.
The IMBEL MD97 is produced in three distinct versions and is made available to Brazilian police, Army and special forces groups.
The IWI Galil ACE is a further evolution of the well-established Israeli Galil assault rifle series and represents a modernized version of the classic gun.
The competing Soviet AK-47 was a good start for the Israelis when developing their Galil assault rifle.
The Israeli Galil MAR is similar in scope and function to the Soviet AKS-74U shortened assault rifle and based on the full-size Galil rifle.
The IMI Galil was slightly modified to become an accurized sharpshooter rifle in the Galil Marksman Assault Rifle
The Israeli IMI TAR-21 Tavor Assault Rifle entered service in 2006 and has already seen relatively widespread use.
The IWI X95 is a very-compact-version of the Israeli Tavor Assault Rifle - hence it is also known as the Micro-Tavor.
The AK-9 Assault Rifle makes use of a specialized subsonic ammunition with a silencer and is used exclusively with Russian special forces.
The Izhmash AL-7 assault rifle competed unsuccessfully against the more cost-effective AK-74 adopted by the Soviet Army during the 1970s.
The Izhmash AN-94 is the official successor to the fabled Kalashnikov AK-47 series of Russian assault rifles.
The Johnson Model 1941 lost out to the M1 Garand but still saw some 70,000 examples produced and used during World War 2 and beyond.
The Armenian K-3 assault rifle is based on the storied Kalashnikov action though modified in bullpup form.
The Kalashnikov AK-101 is an export assault rifle in operational service with at least nine nations worldwide.
The Kalashnikov AK-102 is nothing more than the AK-101 assault rifle in a shortened carbine form.
The AK-107 features major departures from the original Kalashnikov system.
The Kalashnikov AK-12 - based on the prototype AK-200 - is the most modern incarnation of the famous AK-47 assault rifle to date.
The Kalashnikov AK-200 prototype assault rifle became a new incarnation of the ubiquitous AK-47 series thta debuted in the 1940s.
Since 1949, the timeless Kalashnikov AK-47 Assault Rifle has found many operators worldwide - from organized national armies to bands of guerrilla fighters.
The 5.45mm Kalashnikov AK-74 replaced the 7.62mm AKM as the standard Soviet infantry assault rifle in 1978.
The AKM was a modernized version of the successful AK-47 model and some 10.2 million were produced.
The AKMS is based on the Soviet AKM though produced with a folding butt for improved compactness and portability.
The Kalashnikov AKS Assault Rifle followed the classic AK-47 series into service with its defining feature being a steel folding shoulder stock - the weapon otherwise retained its basic usefulness and lethality.
The Kalashnikov MA is a modern AK weapon system designed around the concept of micro assault rifle.
The Kalashnikov RPK-16 was unveiled in a Moscow-based exhibition during September 2016 - it is intended to succeed the Soviet-era RPK weapons.
The wz. 1988 Tantal is little more than a Polish copy of the Russian-produced AK-74S model series with some Polish modifications.
The Polish Kbk wz/89 is nothing more than a copy of the Russian AKS-74U with a few changes of note.
The KBP 9A91 assault carbine is primarily in use with Russian police forces today.
The A-91 bullpup assault rifle has seen limited production to date and is believed to be in service with a few select internal Russian units.
The Kbs wz.96 Beryl was adopted by the Polish Army in 1997 as a replacement for the Soviet-era AKM and similar automatic weapons then in service.
The KMZ A-545 is an offshoot of the original 1980s AEK-971 and chambered for the 5.45x39mm cartridge.
The KMZ AEK-971 debuted in the latter-half of the 1970s and has since appeared in a variety of forms.
Combining the best elements of a submachine gun and an assault weapon, the KAC PDW intends to fill a niche market for special forces and logistical troops.
The Korobov TKB-059 assault rifle was unique in several respects - a triple barrel arrangement as well as a bullpup configuration.
The LAPA Modele 03 was an ill-fated Brazilian attempt at a bullpup assault rifle.
The Thales F90 assault rifle is based on the long-running Austrian Steyr AUG bullpup series.
The F88 Austeyr is nothing more than the successful Austrian Steyr AUG bullpup assault weapon with changes made to suit Australian Army needs.
The lightweight M1 Carbine proved a reliable and robust American firearm during World War 2 and beyond.
The M1 Garand was the principle frontline rifle of American forces worldwide for a time - it saw considerable action in World War 2 and Korea.
The M39 EMR is a dedicated marksman rifle but can also be used as a battle rifle if the need arises.
The MAS 49 was the culmination of steady progression made by the French concerning self-loading rifles of the 1940s.
The French-designed FAMAS never lived up to its billing, resulting in a French Army search for its inevitable replacement.
The MKEK MPT Assault Rifle was selected to replace the existing stock of foreign-born HK G3 and HK33 assault weapons in Turkish military service.
The Mexican Mondragon Rifle was one of the first self-loading service rifles adopted for frontline military service.
Currently in development is the MSBS-5.56 Radon, what promises to become the next standard-issue assault rifle of the Polish Army.
The MCIWS remains in development as it undergoes trials to become the next standard-issue assault weapon of Indian Army forces.
The QBZ-03, also recognized as the Type 03, is another in the long line of small arms produced by China-based NORINCO.
The Chinese QBZ-95 bullpup assault rifle entered service in 1997 and has since evolved into various other forms including carbine and light support weapon.
The Type 56 is nothing more than a Chinese copy of the Soviet AK-47 assault rifle.
The Chinese Type 63 / Type 68 saw considerable use during its operational run, being produced in over 6 million examples.
The Type 79 is a Chinese copy of the Soviet Dragunov SVD semi-automatic sniper rifle.
The Type 81 was a Chinese-originated, Kalashnikov-based assault rifle of the mid-1980s and found a home with several local and foreign operators.
The Excalibur assault rifle is based on the earlier INSAS family of automatic weapons and stands to see service entry sometime in 2018 or sooner with the Indian Army.
The INSAS represents a family of lethal automatic weapons that began service with the Indian Army in 1998.
The OTs-03 SVU is a rather unique Russian-originated sniper rifle offering in that it is arranged in the bullpup configuration.
For a time, the OTs-12 assault rifle and its subsonic cartridge were evaluated by Russian Internal Troops - no large-scale production followed.
The OC-14-4A series of assault rifles is a rare bullpup offering adopted by Russian forces.
PAPOP was a French initiative to produce a usable combination assault weapon offering the benefits of a 5.56mm rifle with the projecting power of a 35mm grenade launcher.
While an Indonesian Army service rifle, the SS1 is based on the Fabrique-Nationale FN FNC series and produced under a local license.
The Pindad SS2 series assault rifle is a modernized version of the original SS1 model, itself based on the Belgian FN FNC family.
The Pindad SS3 is intended to replace the relatively new SS2 family of firearms and utilizes a bullpup arrangement.
The Pindad SS4 will join the SS automatic firearms line for the Indonesia Army in the coming years as a dedicated Battle Rifle.
The Pistol Mitraliera Model 1963 was a locally-produced Romanian version of the ubiquitous Soviet AK-47 assault rifle.
The Pusca Automata Model 1986 serves as the standard assault rifle of Romanian Army forces today and is yet another Kalashnikov AK-47 derivative.
The Rasheed Carbine was a shortened version of the full-length Hakim Rifle, though chambered for the Soviet 7.62x39mm cartridge.
The R1 Battle Rifle was nothing more than the Fabrique National FN-FAL locally-produced under license in South Africa.
The Denel R4 Assault Rifle represents the current standard-issue assault rifle of the South African Army.
The M21 rifle was developed from the base M14 rifle which itself was derived from the World War 2 M1 Garand.
The M231 Firing Port Weapon was a specialized variant of the M16A1, used by Bradley vehicle occupants through the available firing ports presented.
The select-fire Ruger AC-556 became a militarized version of the popular Ruger Mini-14 rifle, a design based on the Vietnam-era M14.
The Ruger SR-556 semi-automatic rifle is based on a gas-operated AR-15 design.
The S&T Motiv K11 assault weapon system uses a dual-barrel approach for general rifle fire and grenade-launching capabilities.
Though borrowing from both the American M16 and the Soviet AK-47, the Daewoo K2 is decidedly South Korean.
The Belgian Fabrique Nationale FNC forms the basis for the AK-5 Assault Rifle - the standard-issue weapon of Swedish Army elements.
The Finnish SAKO RK 95 TP assault rifle series is built upon the tried-and-true qualities of the fabled Soviet Kalashnikov AK-47.
The SIG AK-53 served its days as an experimental battle rifle design by the Swiss company as it was not adopted by any one world power.
The SIG MCX is a relatively new modular offering from Switzerland and has been adopted by a few notable forces to date.
The SIG 510 was a no-frills, self-loading rifle appearing from Switzerland during the post-World War 2 period.
The Swiss SIG SG 516 assault weapon system is built upon the strengths of the American AR-15 design - and thusly related to the classic M16.
The SG 542 represented a less-popular 7.62x51mm alternative to the SG 540 5.56mm SG offering.
The SIG SG 550 series has seen widespread use by special forces, regular army and security elements worldwide in its various forms.
The SIG SG 716 comes in four distinct forms, each tailored to suit a certain tactical requirement.
The experimental AG-043 Assault Rifle appeared in 1975 and shared a striking similarity with the world-famous Kalashnikov AK-47 series.
The Simonov AO-63 was utterly unique in its approach to voluminous fire, utilizing an over-under, double-barreled configuration.
Approximately 15,000,000 SKS rifles have been produced.
The Italian SOCIMI AR-831 intended to improve upon the reliability of the American M16 by using a Soviet Kalashnikov AK-47-style gas action.
The Springfield M14 automatic rifle grew out of the famous World War 2-era M1 Garand service rifle.
The SR-3 Vikhr assault rifle is another entry into the long line of Soviet/Russian automatic weapons making use of the 9x39mm subsonic cartridge.
The SAR-21 Assault Rifle features a laser aimer as standard and is of an all-modern assault rifle design.
With experience in manufacturing the American AR-15 and M16, Singapore developed the indigenous SAR-80 Assault Rifle.
The Steyr ACR was developed to compete in the United States Army Advanced Combat Rifle program of the early 1990s.
The Steyr AUG was one of the first widely-accepted frontline standard issue bullpup configured assault rifles.
The STM556 is designed to compete in the crowded AR-15 market - offered by the Austrian concern with a quick-change barrel feature and ambidextrous controls.
Eugene Stoner pioneered the modular weapon system through his all-in-one Stoner 63 automatic series.
The German wartime Sturmgewehr 44 system became the predecessor to the modern day assault rifle.
The StG 45 assault rifle was born from the image of the StG44 series, introducing the innovative roller-delayed blowback system of operation.
Taiwanese familiarity with the American AR-18 automatic rifle helped to produce the Type 65 of 1976.
Since its inception in 2000, the T86 automatic rifle has not been seen in great numbers.
The T91 Assault Rifle has been adopted by the Taiwanese Army to replace the outgoing T65 series.
The Tokarev SVT-38 fired the powerful 7.62x54R Russian cartridge but proved too frail once in practice.
At least 1.6 million SVT-40 rifles were produced, some seeing action even as recently as the 2nd Chechen War.
The Chinese Type 56 Carbine was nothing more than a copy of the Soviet SKS semi-automatic rifle.
The Type 58 is the locally-produced North Korean version of the famous Soviet-era Kalashnikov AK-47 Assault Rifle.
The Mk 12 SPR has been used with deadly efficiency in both Afghanistan and Iraq theaters or war.
While easy to dismiss the Finnish Valmet M60/M62 as an AK clone, the series certainly brought some interesting changes to the mix.
Like many other modern assault rifles of the world, the Finnish Valmet M76 is based on the Soviet AK-47 design though brought up to a modern standard.
The CR-21 remains a promising prototype assault rifle design - with no customers on the horizon.
The German Gewehr 41 self-loading rifle was limited in its production during World War 2 and thus limited in combat service.
With help from the Soviets, the Gew 43 improved upon the Gew 41 but was never the semi-automatic rifle envisioned by the German Army.
The Walther WA2000 was billed as an ultimate sniping tool though only ever taken on by select West German police units.
The Winchester Model 1907 was pressed into service by some of the world powers of World War 1.
The Zastava M70 is a Yugoslavian variant of the successful Soviet AKM assault rifle.
The Zastava M80 is a locally-produced Yugoslavian copy of the Soviet-era AKM - similarly available with two distinct stocks.