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SR-3 Vikhr (Whirlwind)

Assault Rifle / Silenced Assault Rifle [ 1992 ]

The SR-3 Vikhr assault rifle is another entry into the long line of Soviet/Russian automatic weapons making use of the 9x39mm subsonic cartridge.

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 03/15/2022 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.

CNIITochMash developed a relatively new assault weapon system - the SR-3 "Vikhr" (meaning "Whirlwind") - designed around the subsonic 9x39mm cartridge. The cartridge was developed in the 1980s with the need to arm special operations units with a more powerful subsonic round under low velocity. The cartridge has since been introduced into a full line-up of Soviet/Russian weapons including the impressive AS "Val" and VSS "Vintorez" silenced assault/sniper (respectively) rifles. One of the unique qualities of the SR-3 itself is the very compact form that the base weapon takes on (more akin to a submachine gun than an assault rifle). This makes it highly suitable for special forces use as well as airborne infantry. Production of the SR-3 has been undertaken out of the famous Tula Arms Plant to which a modified form - the silenced SR-3M - has since emerged.

The SR-3 is a conventional gas-operated weapon utilizing a rotating bolt action. The received is slab-sided and rectangular in its general shape with a conventional pistol-grip/trigger unit and forward hand guard around the barrel/gas system. It sports a rate-of-fire of approximately 900 rounds per minute with a muzzle velocity of 970 feet per second. The weapon is generally effective within ranges of 200 meters but can be used beyond to approximately 400 meters. There are two known versions of the SR-3, the extended design being the aforementioned "SR-3M". The base SR-3 production model is fed by way of a 20-round detachable curved box magazine while the modified SR-3M is seen with a 30-round magazine. Iron sites are provided for base accuracy. The SR-3 features a collapsing stock which folds over the receiver and forward hand guard. The SR-3M accepts a sound suppressor (fully removable) and features a vertical foregrip under a revised hand guard as well as a skeletal folding buttstock. Optics for this model are optional.

The SR-3 weighs in at 2 kilograms while the SR-3M is 3.2 kilograms. Overall length is 640mm for the SR-3 and 970mm for the SR-3M. In either form, the barrel remains 156mm in length.©MilitaryFactory.com
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Service Year

Russia national flag graphic


Assault Rifle / Silenced Assault Rifle

National flag of Russia Russia
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Automatic Function
Features a mechanical function to automate the firing action.
Assault Rifle
Modern class of long gun featuring select-fire properties, automatic internal function, and magazine feeding.
This weapon is either inherently silent/suppressed or can be made so through special assembly added at the muzzle, specialized subsonic ammunition or a combination of both.

Overall Length
640 mm
25.20 in
Barrel Length
156 mm
6.14 in
Empty Wgt
4.41 lb
2.00 kg

Adjustable Iron; Optional Optics


Gas-Operated; Rotating Bolt

Rotating Bolt
System utilizes internal mechanism to lock the breech or rear barrel assembly prior to firing.
Gas-operated system is featured, typically involving a gas cylinder and rear-driven piston directing energy to the bolt component.
(Material presented above is for historical and entertainment value and should not be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation - always consult official manufacturer sources for such information)


9x39mm Subsonic

Rounds / Feed

20- or 30-round detachable box magazine
Cartridge relative size chart
*May not represent an exhuastive list; calibers are model-specific dependent, always consult official manufacturer sources.
**Graphics not to actual size; not all cartridges may be represented visually; graphics intended for general reference only.
Max Eff.Range
656 ft
(200 m | 219 yd)
Muzzle Velocity
967 ft/sec
(295 m/sec)

SR-3 - Base Series Designation; 640mm overall length; 20-round magazine; collapsing stock over receiver.
SR-3M - 970mm overall length; 30-round magazine; removable suppressor assembly; revised forend; folding foregrip; relocated iron sights; skeletal stock.

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Right side profile view of the Russian SR-3 Vikhr assault rifle


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