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Kalashnikov AK-308

Assault Rifle Prototype

Russia | 2018

"The Kalashnikov AK-308 was unveiled in August of 2018 as a possible successor to a host of in-service Russian military small arms."

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 06/20/2022 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
In August of 2018, longtime Russian gunmaker Kalashnikov unveiled its latest AK-related offering, the "AK-308". Largely mimicking the original in both form-and-function, this assault rifle is influenced by experience garnered through work had with the AK-103 and AK-200/AK-12 assault weapons utilizing lightweight composite materials with a mix of alloys and supporting a variety of calibers through a gas-operated, internal automatic action. The new gun is chambered for the proven 7.62x51mm full-powered rifle cartridge giving it good penetration-at-range.

During January of 2018, the Russian military made it known that it was seeking to replace an aging stock of Cold War-era AK-74M assault systems as well as more modern AK-200/AK-12 and AK-15 assault weapons, currently in inventory which rely on a mix of calibers - complicating the logistics process for the large Russian Army and its lower departments.

The general arrangement of the new rifle is largely conventional with all pertinent internal working components set within the hardened, rectangular frame. As a gas-operated weapon, the adjustable gas cylinder sits over the barrel in true Kalashnikov fashion with the barrel protruding ahead and capped by a slotted brake and iron forward sighting device. A handguard protects the supporting hand from the generated heat of the barrel. The charging handle is retained along the right side of the body as is the ejection port and firing controls. The shoulder stock is skeletal and hinged to fold over the frame for compactness. The weapon is fed by a 20-round, spring-loaded detachable box magazine with the feed mechanism set ahead of the trigger / pistol grip unit.

Operating weight reaches 9.5 lb. The rifle measures 945mm with the stock extended and 695 otherwise. The barrel assembly is 415mm long.

Like any modern small arm, the AK-308 is given a long run of Picatinny rail over the receiver for the mounting of optics, aimers, magnifiers, and related tactical accessories. Similarly, the handguard also supports mounting additional tactical devices (including a bayonet) to aid the operator in Close Quarters Battle (CQB), ranged, and low-light-level fights. Market materials also state the ability to mount the popular American M203 Under-Barrel Grenade Launcher UBGL) to the weapon. The base rifle configuration is ranged out to 800 meters.

With the Russian need to find a true successor to a mix of automatic weapons, the AK-308 is a possible solution as the Army looks to modernize its warfighter capabilities in the coming decade. If the AK-308 ends up retaining all of the excellent qualities (namely reliability and ease-of-use) of what made the original AK-47 such a success in the post-World War 2 era, the newer incarnation stands a good chance to repeat even a small portion of this global fame.

Content ©MilitaryFactory.com; No Reproduction Permitted.
The physical qualities of the Kalashnikov AK-308. Information presented is strictly for general reference and should not be misconstrued as useful for hardware restoration or operation.
945 mm
37.20 in
O/A Length
415 mm
16.34 in
Barrel Length
9.48 lb
4.30 kg
Gas-Operated, Selective-Fire.
7.62x51mm (.308Win)
20-round detachable box magazine.
Supported Over-Frame Optics; Back-Up Iron Sights.
Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the Kalashnikov AK-308. Information presented is strictly for general reference and should not be misconstrued as useful for hardware restoration or operation.
2,625 ft
800.1 m | 875.0 yds
Notable series variants as part of the Kalashnikov AK-308 Assault Rifle Prototype family line.
AK-308 - Base Series Designation.
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the Kalashnikov AK-308. Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national small arms listing.

Contractor(s): Rosoboronexport (Kalashnikov) - Russia
National flag of Russia

[ Russia (possible) ]
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Image of the Kalashnikov AK-308
Image from official Rosoboronexport marketing materials.

Design Qualities
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to requirements.
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
The Kalashnikov AK-308 Assault Rifle Prototype appears in the following collections:
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