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Carl-Gustav m/21-m37 (Kulsprutegevar KG m/21-m/37)


Light Machine Gun (LMG) / Squad Support Weapon (1921)


Infantry Small Arms / The Warfighter

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Image released to the Public Domain by the Swedish Army Museum.

Jump-to: Specifications

The Kulsprutegevar KG m/21 and m/37 guns were nothing more than modified Swedish Army versions of the famous American Browning Automatic Rifle.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 05/09/2016 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.
The Belgian concern of Fabrique National began license production of the famous M1918 Browning Automatic Rifle (BAR) in 1920 and its first export mark became the KG m/21 (or "Kulsprutegevar Model 21") developed to Swedish Army specifications. Like many other nations of the period, the Swedes looked to the M1918 to fulfill the squad automatic weapon role for its value in high volume suppression of enemy positions. The m/21 evolved the base M1918 (as the export "M1919" by Colt) design by adding a pistol grip (as opposed to integral grip along the shoulder stock) and a spiked bipod assembly for support fire. The largest change, however, lay in the conversion of the internals to fire the Swedish Army's 6.5x55mm "Swedish Mauser" cartridge. The 20-round detachable box magazine was retained - a limitation of the M1918 series as a whole.

Initial reactions were positive though the m/21 held a propensity to overheat its barrel assembly through prolonged fire. Thusly, Carl Gustafs Stads Gevarfaktori (now Bofors) took to developing a quick barrel changing function to the m/21 which allowed the operator to replace the barrel by managing a simple latch at the front of the receiver. The attached carrying handle facilitated handling of the hot barrel during the process. The wooden handguard of the original BAR was subsequently dropped. All other BAR functions remained intact. As such, Carl Gustafs ended producing the m/21 under its new designation of KG m/37 in 1937, promptly adopted by the Swedish Army in turn. Older m/21 marks were brought up to the new standard when possible.

By this point, the m/37 now truly fulfilled the light machine gun role, save for its limited 20-round magazine which was never addressed. A prototype belt-fed variant was experimented but never brought to service. Regardless, the m/37 remained in a frontline role until the adoption of the excellent Belgian Fabrique Nationale FN MAG General Purpose Machine Gun of 7.62x51mm NATO standard caliber during the post-World War 2 "Cold War" years. Even then, the m/37 existed in a reserve role within the Swedish Army inventory for a number of years. The FN MAG became widely available in 1958.

Specifications



Service Year
1921

Origin
Sweden national flag graphic
Sweden

Classification


Light Machine Gun (LMG) / Squad Support Weapon


Fabrique Nationale - Belgium / Carl Gustafs Stads Gevarsfaktori - Sweden
National flag of Sweden Sweden
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Automatic Function
Features a mechanical function to automate the firing action.
Fire Support
Capable of suppressing enemy elements at range through direct or in-direct fire.


Overall Length
1,168 mm
45.98 in
Barrel Length
610 mm
24.02 in
Empty Wgt
21.01 lb
9.53 kg
Sights


Iron Front and Rear


Action


Gas-Operated; Tilting Breech Block

Gas-Operated
Gas-operated system is featured, typically involving a gas cylinder and rear-driven piston directing energy to the bolt component.
(Material presented above is for historical and entertainment value and should not be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation - always consult official manufacturer sources for such information)


Caliber(s)*


6.5x55mm Swedish Mauser

Sample Visuals**


Graphical image of a 7.92mm Mauser rifle cartridge
Rounds / Feed


20-round detachable box magazine
Cartridge relative size chart
*May not represent an exhuastive list; calibers are model-specific dependent, always consult official manufacturer sources.
**Graphics not to actual size; not all cartridges may be represented visually; graphics intended for general reference only.
Max Eff.Range
4,500 ft
(1,372 m | 1,500 yd)
Rate-of-Fire
500
rds/min
Muzzle Velocity
2,450 ft/sec
(747 m/sec)


KG m/21 - Fabrique National production of the M1918 Browning Automatic Rifle; Swedish Army requirements included bipod assembly and dedicated pistol grip.
KG m/37 - Update of 1937; quick-change barrel functionality.


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