The Belgian concern of Fabrique National began license production of the famous M1918 Browning Automatic Rifle (BAR) in 1920 and its first export mark became the KG m/21 (or "Kulsprutegevar Model 21") developed to Swedish Army specifications. Like many other nations of the period, the Swedes looked to the M1918 to fulfill the squad automatic weapon role for its value in high volume suppression of enemy positions. The m/21 evolved the base M1918 (as the export "M1919" by Colt) design by adding a pistol grip (as opposed to integral grip along the shoulder stock) and a spiked bipod assembly for support fire. The largest change, however, lay in the conversion of the internals to fire the Swedish Army's 6.5x55mm "Swedish Mauser" cartridge. The 20-round detachable box magazine was retained - a limitation of the M1918 series as a whole.
Initial reactions were positive though the m/21 held a propensity to overheat its barrel assembly through prolonged fire. Thusly, Carl Gustafs Stads Gevarfaktori (now Bofors) took to developing a quick barrel changing function to the m/21 which allowed the operator to replace the barrel by managing a simple latch at the front of the receiver. The attached carrying handle facilitated handling of the hot barrel during the process. The wooden handguard of the original BAR was subsequently dropped. All other BAR functions remained intact. As such, Carl Gustafs ended producing the m/21 under its new designation of KG m/37 in 1937, promptly adopted by the Swedish Army in turn. Older m/21 marks were brought up to the new standard when possible.
By this point, the m/37 now truly fulfilled the light machine gun role, save for its limited 20-round magazine which was never addressed. A prototype belt-fed variant was experimented but never brought to service. Regardless, the m/37 remained in a frontline role until the adoption of the excellent Belgian Fabrique Nationale FN MAG General Purpose Machine Gun of 7.62x51mm NATO standard caliber during the post-World War 2 "Cold War" years. Even then, the m/37 existed in a reserve role within the Swedish Army inventory for a number of years. The FN MAG became widely available in 1958.
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Features a mechanical function to automate the firing action.
Capable of suppressing enemy elements at range through direct or in-direct fire.
1,168 mm 45.98 in
610 mm 24.02 in
21.01 lb 9.53 kg
Iron Front and Rear
Gas-Operated; Tilting Breech Block
Gas-operated system is featured, typically involving a gas cylinder and rear-driven piston directing energy to the bolt component.
(Material presented above is for historical and entertainment value and should not be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation - always consult official manufacturer sources for such information)
6.5x55mm Swedish Mauser
Rounds / Feed
20-round detachable box magazine
*May not represent an exhuastive list; calibers are model-specific dependent, always consult official manufacturer sources. **Graphics not to actual size; not all cartridges may be represented visually; graphics intended for general reference only.
4,500 ft (1,372 m | 1,500 yd)
2,450 ft/sec (747 m/sec)
KG m/21 - Fabrique National production of the M1918 Browning Automatic Rifle; Swedish Army requirements included bipod assembly and dedicated pistol grip.
KG m/37 - Update of 1937; quick-change barrel functionality.
Ribbon graphics not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns / operations.
1 / 1
Image released to the Public Domain by the Swedish Army Museum.
The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com.
Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world, WDMMA.org (World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft), WDMMW.org (World Directory of Modern Military Warships), and SR71blackbird.org, detailing the history of the world's most iconic spyplane.