Aircraft / Aviation Vehicles & Artillery Infantry Arms Warships & Submarines Military Pay Chart (2023) Military Ranks

Infantry Small Arms / The Warfighter


Modular Weapon System (MWS) [ 2022 ]

The SAKO M23 is the newest addition to the arsenal of the Finnish Warfighter, the modular weapon system having been adopted in 2022.

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 05/18/2022 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.

The Finnish Army has moved to modernize its Warfighter small arms capabilities with the adoption of the new SAKO M23 Modular Weapon System (MWS). The firearm is a joint-Finnish-Swede design intended to succeed a collection of Soviet-era long guns still in Finnish service, covering such diverse battlefield roles as Battle Rifle, Designated Marksman Rifle (DMR), and dedicated Sniper Rifle. Design work was had from 2020 to 2021 and service adoption took place in 2022.

The prototype was known under the designator of "K22" (E22) and influenced by the original American AR-series of automatic rifles though this time relying on a short-stroke gas piston arrangement in its internal system of operation. The in-service designs with the Finnish Army are to be identified under the designations of "7.62 KIV 23" (covering the DMR variant), and "7.62 TKIV 23" (covering the sniper rifle variant) and both are expected to enter formal service sometime in 2023, hence their designations.

On the whole, the M23 showcases the typical AR-style appearance and sports a perforated forend, over- and under-receiver sections of Picatinny rail (for mounting tactical devices), and a telescoping / adjustable shoulder stock. Chambered in ubiquitous 7.62x51mm NATO full-powered rifle cartridge, the base rifle design has a barrel assembly length of 16 inches and can be capped by a suppressor for clandestine work. Effective firing range is out to 656 yards for the DMR version and 875 yards for the sniper model. All of the guns support various optics sights and can retain iron sights as backup. Feeding is by way of a 20-round detachable box magazine which are inserted ahead of the pistol grip / trigger unit in the usual way.

The modern Finnish Army small arms inventory showcases the Soviet-era Dragunov 7.62mm semi-automatic sniper rifle as well as the Valmet 7.62 TKIV 85 bolt-action sniper solution of 1984 (both rifles detailed elsewhere on this site).©MilitaryFactory.com
Note: The above text is EXCLUSIVE to the site www.MilitaryFactory.com. It is the product of many hours of research and work made possible with the help of contributors, veterans, insiders, and topic specialists. If you happen upon this text anywhere else on the internet or in print, please let us know at MilitaryFactory AT gmail DOT com so that we may take appropriate action against the offender / offending site and continue to protect this original work.


Service Year

Finland national flag graphic


Modular Weapon System (MWS)

National flag of Finland Finland
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Automatic Function
Features a mechanical function to automate the firing action.
Accuracy / Precision
Long-range accuracy / precision capable; suitable for sniping, particularly when equipped with sighting aids.
Special Forces
Qualities of this weapon have shown its value to Special Forces elements requiring a versatile, reliable solution for the rigors of special assignments.

Internal action allows release of single round per trigger pull, actuating a semi-automatic loading mechanism for successive shots.
Supports mounting of optics (scopes) to aid in accuracy for ranged fire.
Supports 'iron sights' allowing for inherent accuracy in ranged fire.
Aiming can be aided by use of a bipod support assembly, either as an integral part of design or option.
Design allows for user adjustability of certain components for customization.
Design offers mounting points for external, after-market hardware including laser aimers, flashlights, scopes, and grips.


Gas-Operated; Rotating-Bolt; Semi-Automatic Fire.

One shot per trigger pull; self-loading or auto-loading action aided by internal mechanism; trigger management (and initial cocking) typically required by the operator; subsequent shots are aided by the unlocked / moved bolt.
Gas-operated system is featured, typically involving a gas cylinder and rear-driven piston directing energy to the bolt component.
(Material presented above is for historical and entertainment value and should not be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation - always consult official manufacturer sources for such information)


7.62x51mm NATO

Sample Visuals**

Graphical image of a 7.62x51mm / .308 Winchester rifle cartridge
Rounds / Feed

20-round detachable box magazine.
Cartridge relative size chart
*May not represent an exhuastive list; calibers are model-specific dependent, always consult official manufacturer sources.
**Graphics not to actual size; not all cartridges may be represented visually; graphics intended for general reference only.
Max Eff.Range
2,625 ft
(800 m | 875 yd)

M23 - Base Series Designation.
K22 - Prototype model designation.
7.62 KIV 23 - Finnish Army designation for Designated Marksman Rifle (DMR) form.
7.62 TKIV 23 - Finnish Army designation for dedicated Sniper Rifle form.

Military lapel ribbon for the American Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Ukranian-Russian War
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2

Ribbon graphics not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns / operations.

Images Gallery

1 / 1
Image from the Finnish Ministry of Defense; Public Release.


Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies

2023 Military Pay Chart Military Ranks DoD Dictionary Conversion Calculators Military Alphabet Code Military Map Symbols

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com.

Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world, WDMMA.org (World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft), WDMMW.org (World Directory of Modern Military Warships), SR71blackbird.org, detailing the history of the world's most iconic spyplane, and MilitaryRibbons.info, cataloguing all American military medals and ribbons.

www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-