In the early-to-mid 1960s, Soviet engineer Sergei Simonov undertook several designs based on the world famous Kalashnikov AK-47 assault rifle. Between the span of 1962 and 1965, work was done on the AO-31 assault rifle which produced several major developmental forms - the base AO-31 chambered for the Soviet 7.62x39mm cartridge, the AO-31-5 chambered for the 5.45x39mm cartridge, the AO-31-6 also chambered fro the 7.62x39mm cartridge and the AO-31-7 trialing a caseless cartridge design. The weapon was gas-operated as in the AK-47 and fed from a 30-round detachable box magazine. This work then led to a slight evolution in the design, which became the compact AG-043 assault rifle. Design work on the type began in 1975.
The AG-043 looked as though a heavily compacted form of the AK-47 - its design perhaps more akin to a submachine gun with assault rifle qualities. It featured a rectangular receiver to house the internal working components, wooden furniture at the pistol grip, magazine and hand guard and a very short barrel with overhead gas cylinder. Overall length was 680mm with a barrel length of 215mm. A full length folding wire stock was added for support. The weapon was chambered for the 5.45x39mm cartridge fed from a curved 30-round detachable box magazine fitted ahead of the trigger group as normal. Muzzle velocity was 700 meters per second with iron sights above the muzzle and over the receiver. Overall weight was 2.1 kilograms unloaded.
The AG-043 was never formally accepted into frontline service. Had it been, it could have stocked the inventories of the Soviet Army, police force and special forces due to its nice compact form. The 5.45mm cartridge was a proven round and the 30-round ammunition count was excellent for in-the-field operations. Additionally, being based on the dependable AK-47 action, the AG-043 stemmed from a solid pedigree. However, none of these factors proved enough for the AG-043 to find commercial success for Simonov and his new assault rifle.
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Features a mechanical function to automate the firing action.
Modern class of long gun featuring select-fire properties, automatic internal function, and magazine feeding.
680 mm 26.77 in
215 mm 8.46 in
4.63 lb 2.10 kg
Gas-operated system is featured, typically involving a gas cylinder and rear-driven piston directing energy to the bolt component.
(Material presented above is for historical and entertainment value and should not be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation - always consult official manufacturer sources for such information)
Rounds / Feed
30-round detachable box magazine
*May not represent an exhuastive list; calibers are model-specific dependent, always consult official manufacturer sources. **Graphics not to actual size; not all cartridges may be represented visually; graphics intended for general reference only.
2,300 ft/sec (701 m/sec)
AG-043 - Base Series Designation
Ribbon graphics not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns / operations.
The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com.
Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world, WDMMA.org (World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft), WDMMW.org (World Directory of Modern Military Warships), and SR71blackbird.org, detailing the history of the world's most iconic spyplane.