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Sturmgewehr 44 (StG44) / Maschinenpistole 44 (MP44)


Assault Rifle


Nazi Germany | 1942



"The German wartime Sturmgewehr 44 system became the predecessor to the modern day assault rifle."

Performance
Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the Sturmgewehr 44 (StG44) / Maschinenpistole 44 (MP44). Information presented is strictly for general reference and should not be misconstrued as useful for hardware restoration or operation.
1,970 ft
600.5 m | 656.7 yds
Max.Eff.Range
500
Rounds-Per-Minute
Rate-of-Fire
2,250 ft/sec
686 m/sec
Muzzle Velocity
Physical
The physical qualities of the Sturmgewehr 44 (StG44) / Maschinenpistole 44 (MP44). Information presented is strictly for general reference and should not be misconstrued as useful for hardware restoration or operation.
940 mm
37.01 in
O/A Length
419 mm
16.50 in
Barrel Length
10.19 lb
4.62 kg
Weight
Gas-Operated; Locked-Breech; Tilting Bolt; Select-Fire
Action
7.92x33mm Kurz
Caliber(s)
30-Round Detachable Box Magazine
Feed
Rear V-Notch; Hooded Front Post
Sights
Variants
Notable series variants as part of the Sturmgewehr 44 (StG44) / Maschinenpistole 44 (MP44) Assault Rifle family line.
Maschinenpistole 44 ("MP44") - Base Series Designation
Sturmgewehr 44 ("StG44") - Alternative Designation


Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 05/12/2021 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.

The Maschinenpistole 44, or MP44, or still further the StG 44, is more commonly associated as being the father of the modern assault rifle design. This was, in truth, a revolutionary weapon developed by a Germany facing defeat in World War Two. As an early design in the form of the Walther MKb42(W), the production process of the weapon relied on speedy stampings, welding and pressing - contrary to the normal turning and machining that was common for the time.

From the outset, the design was to provide Germany with a weapon that could be capably mass-produced as war time resources were becoming all the more scarcer with each passing year. Utilizing the Russian Front as a developmental test bed from July 1943 onwards, the rifle in its current form developed into the MP43 series as the MP43/1. This new form allowed a grenade launcher to be attached to the barrel and featured provisions for optical sights to be mounted.

As the war progressed, development of the MP43 turned into the MP44 system which eventually gave way to the new designation of Sturmgewehr StG44 - which translated into what we identify today as the assault rifle. This effectively changed the idea of the "machine pistol" (along the lines of a submachine gun) designation to a whole new breed of gun in the assault rifle mold. By all counts, the system offered up a smooth fire action and utilized the 7.92x33mm Kurz round firing from a 30-round magazine.

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One of the more interesting attempts at "practical" MP44 designs was the Maschinenpistole 44 mit Krummlauf which is sometimes generically termed as "the gun that could shoot around corners". The idea behind this design was to arm soldiers within vehicles with a weapon capable of targeting enemy combatants that had managed to come underneath the fire angles of the operator's position. At any length, the weapon system might also prove to have been some value in the close house-to-house fighting occurring throughout the war, but in particular at war's end. The "practicality" of such a system is still under some debate though, even to this day. Testing into the market of weaponry that can target enemy combatants around corners remains as intriguing as it did over half a century ago.

Manufacturers of the MP44/StG44 system included C.G. Haenel Waffen- und Fahrradfabrik AG, Erfurter Maschinenfabrik B Geipel GmbH, Mauser-Werke AG and Oberndorf-am-Neckar.

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Operators
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the Sturmgewehr 44 (StG44) / Maschinenpistole 44 (MP44). Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national small arms listing.

Contractor(s): C.G. Haenel Waffen- und Fahrradfabrik among others - Germany
National flag of Czechia National flag of France National flag of modern Germany National flag of Nazi Germany National flag of East Germany National flag of Hungary National flag of Israel National flag of Syria National flag of Yugoslavia

[ Czechoslovakia; France; East Germany; Nazi Germany; Germany; Hungary; Israel; Syria; Yugoslavia ]
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Going Further...
The Sturmgewehr 44 (StG44) / Maschinenpistole 44 (MP44) Assault Rifle appears in the following collections:
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