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Izhmash AN-94 (Abakan)


Assault Rifle (1994)


Infantry Small Arms / The Warfighter

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Right side view of the Izhmash AN-94 Akaban assault rifle

Jump-to: Specifications

The Izhmash AN-94 is the official successor to the fabled Kalashnikov AK-47 series of Russian assault rifles.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 07/11/2017 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.
The Izhmash AN-94 is the latest in the long line of Russian assault rifles and is intended to replace the long-lasting Kalashnikov series of rifle (including the fabled AK-47). Outwardly, the system maintains some similarities to the Kalashnikov designs (including the curved magazine) but is billed as a more accurate version of the Kalashnikov AK-74M assault rifle thanks to its "delayed" recoil 2-shot burst operation that fires a second round before the first round's action is fully completed. The AK-74M is itself an improved AK-74 with a synthetic folding stock, reinforced muzzle device and dust cover and side rail optics mounting. While both the AK-74M and the AN-94 utilize the 5.45x39mm M74 cartridge, the latter can also fit a bayonet and GP-30 grenade launcher at the same time and be fitted with a 60-round detachable box magazine - things the Kalashnikov design cannot do. The AN-94 gained acceptance after weapons trials held in the 1980's, to which the design performed very well.

The gas-operated AN-94 features a folding stock which brings the length of the weapon down by some 8 full inches. The feed system can accommodate 5.45x39mm cartridges in 30-, 45- or 60-round detachable box magazines. An effective range of 400 meters is reported with a maximum range of 700 meters. The rate of fire - depending on the selected mode - is between 600 and 1,800 rounds per minute. Sights are fixed iron sights (the rear maintains a "peep" aperture-type sight) though it is only logical that the weapon will eventually accept various scopes as needed.
Despite its upside, the AN-94 is a complicated and expensive weapon to produce - the complexity also requiring a great deal more in terms of in-the-field maintenance as well. The AN-94 entered service in limited numbers in 1997, though the Kalashnikov AK-47 series - to which the AN-94 was suppose to succeed - is still fielded in great numbers leaving some to wonder of the future of the AN-94 as the standard Russian assault rifle.

Specifications



Service Year
1994

Origin
Russia national flag graphic
Russia

Classification


Assault Rifle


Izhmash - Russia
National flag of Russia Russia
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Automatic Function
Features a mechanical function to automate the firing action.
Assault Rifle
Modern class of long gun featuring select-fire properties, automatic internal function, and magazine feeding.


Overall Length
943 mm
37.13 in
Barrel Length
405 mm
15.94 in
Empty Wgt
8.49 lb
3.85 kg
Sights


Adjustable Iron Sights; Optional Optics


Action


Gas-Operated; Selective Fire

Gas-Operated
Gas-operated system is featured, typically involving a gas cylinder and rear-driven piston directing energy to the bolt component.
(Material presented above is for historical and entertainment value and should not be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation - always consult official manufacturer sources for such information)


Caliber(s)*


5.45x39mm

Rounds / Feed


30-, 45- or 60-round detachable box magazine
Cartridge relative size chart
*May not represent an exhuastive list; calibers are model-specific dependent, always consult official manufacturer sources.
**Graphics not to actual size; not all cartridges may be represented visually; graphics intended for general reference only.
Max Eff.Range
1,212 ft
(369 m | 404 yd)
Rate-of-Fire
600
rds/min
Muzzle Velocity
2,953 ft/sec
(900 m/sec)


AN-94 - Base Production Model


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