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NORINCO Type 79 (SVD)


Semi-Automatic Sniper Rifle (1979)


Infantry Small Arms / The Warfighter

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Right side view of the Chinese Type 79 sniper rifle; note the similarities to the Soviet SVD design

Jump-to: Specifications

The Type 79 is a Chinese copy of the Soviet Dragunov SVD semi-automatic sniper rifle.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 11/16/2016 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.
Once-close political ties between China and the Soviet Union led to closer military ties. As such, much of the Chinese stocks were of Soviet origination to which, at different points, localized license production of some weapons eventually occurred. One such direct Chinese copy of a Soviet product was the Type 79 semi-automatic sniper rifle which, for all intents and purposes, was the Soviet SVD line in Chinese guise. The People's Republic of China Army received their first SVD rifles from Soviet production lines and some may have been manufactured in China with delivered kits.

As in the Soviet model, the Type 79 was chambered for the 7.62x54R Russian cartridge and fed from a 10-round detachable box magazine. Outwardly, the Type 79 exhibited the same lines of the original Soviet design including its hollowed shoulder stock, wood furniture and long-running barrel assembly. The stock integrated into the pistol grip with the trigger unit just ahead, containing the curved trigger assembly. Ahead of the trigger was the magazine feed which was managed with a magazine release/catch just aft. The charging handle and ejection port were all located in their traditional locations along the metal receiver. The weapon was of gas operation so a gas cylinder was located above the barrel though shrouded by the perforated wood forend. The barrel was capped by a slotted flash suppressor as well as a forward iron sight. Optics were affixed to the top of the receiver in the usual way. The standard scope was of 4x magnification with infrared detection capability. However, even this was a direct copy of the Soviet PSO scope design with nothing new to add.

While largely similar to the Soviet design in most respects, the Type 79 incorporated a slight few differentiating features to set it apart from the Russian design. Mainly, the Type 79 differed in its overall measurements but this was expected considering Chinese production when compared to Soviet lines of the time. Beyond that the Type 79 proved a serviceable rifle and decent copy of the original - surely a more budget-conscious approach for the growing (and modernizing) Chinese Army.

The Type 79 is no longer in active production. Some late-production models were chambered for the .308 Winchester rifle round.

The Type 85 was offered as a modified form - again another local Chinese design of the SVD weapon. The CS/LR19 became an upgraded variant.

Specifications



Service Year
1979

Origin
China national flag graphic
China

Classification


Semi-Automatic Sniper Rifle


China NORth INdustries COrporation (NORINCO) - China
National flag of China China
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Automatic Function
Features a mechanical function to automate the firing action.
Accuracy / Precision
Long-range accuracy / precision capable; suitable for sniping, particularly when equipped with sighting aids.


Overall Length
1,225 mm
48.23 in
Barrel Length
620 mm
24.41 in
Empty Wgt
8.20 lb
3.72 kg
Sights


Adjustable Iron; Optional Optics


Action


Gas-Operated; Rotating Bolt

Rotating Bolt
System utilizes internal mechanism to lock the breech or rear barrel assembly prior to firing.
Gas-Operated
Gas-operated system is featured, typically involving a gas cylinder and rear-driven piston directing energy to the bolt component.
(Material presented above is for historical and entertainment value and should not be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation - always consult official manufacturer sources for such information)


Caliber(s)*


7.62x54R Russian

Rounds / Feed


10-round detachable box magazine
Cartridge relative size chart
*May not represent an exhuastive list; calibers are model-specific dependent, always consult official manufacturer sources.
**Graphics not to actual size; not all cartridges may be represented visually; graphics intended for general reference only.
Max Eff.Range
2,624 ft
(800 m | 875 yd)
Muzzle Velocity
2,330 ft/sec
(710 m/sec)


Type 79 - Base Series Designation
Type 85 - Modified variant based on Type 79 design
CS/LR19 - Upgraded variant
NSG-85 - Export Variant


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