×
Aircraft / Aviation Vehicles & Artillery Infantry Arms Warships & Submarines Military Pay Scale Military Ranks
HOME
INFANTRY
MODERN ARMIES
SPECIAL FORCES
COUNTRIES
MANUFACTURERS
COMPARE
BY CONFLICT
BY TYPE
BY DECADE
COLD WAR
MODERN

NORINCO Type CQ (CQ 5.56)


Assault Rifle (1983)


Infantry Small Arms / The Warfighter

Jump-to: Specifications

The Type CQ of the late-Cold War period was nothing more than an unlicensed Chinese copy of the classic Colt M16 assault rifle.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 09/24/2018 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.
In the post-World War 2 period (that is, the time period after 1945/1946), two infantry rifles rose to prominence in the East and West. For the former this became the classic Kalashnikov AK-47 assault rifle while, for the latter, this was the Colt M16 assault rifle based in the AR-15. Both were gas-operated weapon systems relying on a rotating bolt action and both chambered an intermediate rifle round, the AK-47 with its 7.62x39mm and the M16 with its 5.56x45mm cartridge. The 5.56x45mm was eventually standardized by NATO as the intermediate rifle cartridge-of-choice. For the nation of China, who has never been shy about local production of successful global products, both rifles were produced en masse - either under license or unlicensed. This proved the case with the ubiquitous M16 which became the "Type CQ" under Chinese manufacture. It was also known, more formally, as the "CQ 5.56".

The Type CQ retained the general form-and-function of its American predecessor in that it chambered the 5.56mm cartridge, fired from a gas-operated action, and fed from 20-/30-round STANAG detachable box magazines. The rifle retained the over-receiver carrying handle common the classic look of the Vietnam War-era M16, rear receiver charging handle, and ribbed handguard. There were slight changes to the shoulder stock's lines and the pistol grip's shape was reworked considerably.

It is believed that the Type CQ was only ever intended for interested export customers looking to perhaps acquire a suitable, Western-minded firearm no doubt at below-market cost. Two primary versions were ultimately marketed, one in semi-automatic-only (namely for the civilian marketplace) and the other offering the full-automatic support common to military firearms. A shortened assault carbine was also eventually developed to expand the line and this became the "CQ 5.56 Type A". The Type CQ was acquired in some number by Iran who went on to develop the local Model S-5.56 "Sayyad" as a straight-up Iranian copy of the Chinese model.

Despite it being disregarded as another Chinese knock-off of a successful product, the Type CQ went on to see relatively widespread adoption globally, counting users from Afghanistan and Cambodia to Thailand and Yemen, either for second-line security roles or full-fledged frontline army service. Several guerilla forces have also been keen on using the rifle - even today - where elements of the Free Syrian Army and ISIS forces have been known to use it. In any case, the CQ series appears to have been relatively successful alternative to the original M16.

Specifications



Service Year
1983

Origin
China national flag graphic
China

Classification


Assault Rifle


China NORth INdustries COrporation (NORINCO) - China
National flag of Afghanistan National flag of China National flag of Iran National flag of Libya National flag of Malaysia National flag of Myanmar National flag of North Korea National flag of the Philippines National flag of Senegal National flag of Sudan National flag of Syria National flag of Thailand National flag of Yemen Afghanistan; Cambodia; China; Djibouti; Ghana; Iran; Libya; Malaysia; Myanmar; North Korea; Paraguay; Philippines; Senegal; South Sudan; Sudan; Syria; Thailand; Yemen
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Automatic Function
Features a mechanical function to automate the firing action.
Assault Rifle
Modern class of long gun featuring select-fire properties, automatic internal function, and magazine feeding.


Overall Length
987 mm
38.86 in
Barrel Length
504 mm
19.84 in
Empty Wgt
6.39 lb
2.90 kg
Sights


Iron Front and Rear.


Action


Gas-Operated; Rotating Bolt; Selective-Fire

Rotating Bolt
System utilizes internal mechanism to lock the breech or rear barrel assembly prior to firing.
Gas-Operated
Gas-operated system is featured, typically involving a gas cylinder and rear-driven piston directing energy to the bolt component.
(Material presented above is for historical and entertainment value and should not be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation - always consult official manufacturer sources for such information)


Caliber(s)*


5.56x45mm NATO

Sample Visuals**


Graphical image of a 5.56mm intermediate rifle cartridge
Rounds / Feed


20- or 30-round detachable box magazine.
Cartridge relative size chart
*May not represent an exhuastive list; calibers are model-specific dependent, always consult official manufacturer sources.
**Graphics not to actual size; not all cartridges may be represented visually; graphics intended for general reference only.
Max Eff.Range
1,500 ft
(457 m | 500 yd)
Rate-of-Fire
900
rds/min
Muzzle Velocity
3,250 ft/sec
(991 m/sec)


Type CQ - Base Series Designation
CQ 5.56 - Alternative designation
CQ 5'56 - Alternative naming convention.
CQ-311 - Select-fire version
CQ M-311 - Alternative designation of CQ-311.
CQ M311-1 - Semi-automatic version
CQ 5.56mm Type A - Assault Carbine model.
S-5.56 "Sayyad" - Local Iranian copy


Military lapel ribbon for the American Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2


Ribbon graphics not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns / operations.

Advertisements





Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies


2022 Military Pay Scale Army Ranks Navy Ranks Air Force Ranks Alphabet Code DoD Dictionary American War Deaths French Military Victories Vietnam War Casualties

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com.

Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world, WDMMA.org, the World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft, and SR71blackbird.org, detailing the history of the world's most iconic spyplane.


Facebook Logo YouTube Logo

www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-