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NORINCO QBZ-95 (Series)

Assault Rifle / Carbine / Light Machine Gun (1997)

Infantry Small Arms / The Warfighter

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Official image from the Chinese Ministry of Defense.
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Official image from the Chinese Ministry of Defense.
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Profile view of the Chinese QBZ-95 bullpup assault rifle.

Jump-to: Specifications

The Chinese QBZ-95 bullpup assault rifle entered service in 1997 and has since evolved into various other forms including carbine and light support weapon.

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 04/11/2019 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.
The QBZ-95 is a family line of assault weapons contoured to operator needs and has been developed (as an economical measure) into an assault rifle, carbine and light automatic weapon. There is the base QBZ-95 assault rifle, the shortened and lighter QBZ-95B carbine and the QBB-95 LSW (Light Weapon System) - a light machine gun model to fulfill the all-important squad support role. For the export market, the QBZ-95 goes under the designation of "QBZ-97". One of the obvious key design features of the QBZ-95 is its "bull-pup" style arrangement, meaning that the magazine feed and all major internal working components are held rear of the pistol grip and trigger unit, allowing for a steadier two-hand hold against the shoulder. The cocking handle is situated within the ring of the carrying handle, making it an ambidextrous component. Design and production are by NORINCO (China NORth INdustries COrporation).

As this particular weapons line was designed with foreign operators in mind, the series is chambered for the universally-accepted 5.56x45mm NATO standard cartridge. Like the QBZ-95, the QBZ-97 has also been designed into a carbine (QBZ-97B) and light support weapon (QBB-97 LSW) form along with the base assault rifle (QBZ-97 and QBZ-97A - the latter utilizing a 3-round burst capability). Civilian versions are known simply as the Type 97 (base rifle) and the Type 97A "Shorty" (carbine).

The QBZ-95G is believed to be a modernized, revised form of the QBZ-95 assault rifle. It incorporates Picatinny rail support for accessories as well as a revised buttstock, thumb fire mode selector and muzzle brake. A longer, heavier barrel has also been introduced. The QBZ-95G is intended to improve upon the reliability and maintenance of the original assault rifle model. Operational service is thought to have been achieved in 2010 while original QBZ-95s were moved to reserve forces.

Operators of the QBZ rifle family include Bangladesh (special forces), Cambodia (special forces), Myanmar (Army), Pakistan (special forces), Sri Lanka (special forces), and Sudan. To date the weapon system had seen action in the Sri Lankan Civil War and has been fielded in the border dispute between Cambodia and Thailand which currently remains in a stand-off.


Service Year

China national flag graphic


Assault Rifle / Carbine / Light Machine Gun

National flag of Bangladesh National flag of China National flag of Myanmar National flag of Pakistan National flag of Rwanda National flag of Sri Lanka National flag of Sudan Bangladesh; China; Cambodia; Laos; Myanmar; Pakistan; Rwanda; Sri Lanka; Sudan
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Automatic Function
Features a mechanical function to automate the firing action.
Assault Rifle
Modern class of long gun featuring select-fire properties, automatic internal function, and magazine feeding.
Fire Support
Capable of suppressing enemy elements at range through direct or in-direct fire.

Overall Length
745 mm
29.33 in
Barrel Length
463 mm
18.23 in
Empty Wgt
7.17 lb
3.25 kg

Aperture Rear; Hooded Front Post; Optional Optics


Gas-Operated; Rotating Bolt

Rotating Bolt
System utilizes internal mechanism to lock the breech or rear barrel assembly prior to firing.
Gas-operated system is featured, typically involving a gas cylinder and rear-driven piston directing energy to the bolt component.
(Material presented above is for historical and entertainment value and should not be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation - always consult official manufacturer sources for such information)


5.56x45 NATO; 5.8x42mm DBP87

Rounds / Feed

30-round detachable box magazine OR 75-round drum
Cartridge relative size chart
*May not represent an exhuastive list; calibers are model-specific dependent, always consult official manufacturer sources.
**Graphics not to actual size; not all cartridges may be represented visually; graphics intended for general reference only.
Max Eff.Range
1,312 ft
(400 m | 437 yd)
Muzzle Velocity
3,050 ft/sec
(930 m/sec)

QBZ-95 - Rifle; standard model chambered for 5.8x42mm DBP87 cartridge.
QBZ-95B - Carbine; shortended overall length; lighter load.
QBB-95 LSW "Light Support Weapon" - Squad Automatic Weapon.
QBZ-95B - Improved ergonomics, reliability and maintenance; chambered for 5.8x42mm cartridge; longer barrel; revised muzzle brake; revised buttstock and trigger ring; relocated thumb fire selector; Picatinny rail support.
QBZ-97 - 5.56mm Assault Rifle; export model for standardized 5.56mm NATO round.
QBZ-97A - 5.56mm Assault Rifle; 3-round burst capability.
QBZ-97B - 5.56mm Carbine; shortened form of the QBZ-97 assault rifle.
QBB-97 LSW - 5.56mm Light Support Weapon based on the QBZ-97 assault rifle.
Type 97 - Civilian Market QBZ-97 rifle.
Type 97A "Shorty" - Civilian Market Carbine model.

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