The invasion of South Korea by the North came as a complete surprise to defending forces - the gains were soon reversed.
After World War 2, Korea became a divided nation whose fate was ultimately driven by the communist Soviets in the north and the democratic United States in the south. A fracturing of the two sides eventually resulted in an official North Korea and South Korea nations each backed by their respective overseer. On June 25th, 1950 - with the blessing of both Mao in China and Stalin in the Soviet Union - the North invaded the South with th goal of reunification under the communist banner. Initial gains were excellent as the United Nations forces were pushed to the brink of collapse. Only a stout defense at the Puson Perimeter saved the South from total capture.
With more men and supplies arriving to the theater, the North's gains were revered and the enemy went on the retreat. The classic amphibious assault landing at Inchon proved the turning point in the war as the enemy was pushed northwards towards the Yalu River separating it and neighboring China. It was only a Chinese intervention that prevented a Korean reunification on South Korean / U.S. terms and this served to extend the war for a few more years. Eventually an armistice was agreed upon to end the fighting, though the two sides remain at war (officially) to this day.
Below are the weapons used in the conflict and range from World War 1 and World War 2 era types to all-new developments seen - particularly in terms of jet-powered aircraft.
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