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Naval Warfare

USS Toledo (CA-133)

Heavy Cruiser Warship [ 1946 ]

Arriving too late to see combat service in World War 2, the career of USS Toledo CA-133 was written during the Korean War of 1950-1953.

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 10/09/2017 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.

The Baltimore-class of heavy cruiser warships began service with the United States Navy (USN) during the Second World War (1939-1945). All fourteen of the planned vessels were completed and this work ran into the post-war years. The group was used to succeed the pre-war Wichita-class units and, in turn, were succeeded themselves by the post-war Oregon City-class. USS Toledo (CA-133) was one of the Baltimore-class' number but was commissioned too late to see service in World War 2. Instead, she made her career in the Korean War of 1950-1953 and operated through to the end of the 1950s before being given up.

For her service in the Korean War, the warship was awarded five Battle Stars.

As designed, the vessel displaced 13,820 tons (short). Her overall length measured 675 feet while her beam reached 70.9 feet and her draught was 20.5 feet. Power came from boiler sets feeding geared steam turbines and these drove four shafts allowing the vessel to reach speeds of up to 33 knots. Aboard was a crew of 1,142 personnel.

Armament was 9 x 8" /55 caliber main guns in three triple-gunned turrets with 12 x 5" /38 caliber secondary guns in six twin-gunned turrets. For close-in air defense, she carried 48 x 40mm Bofors Anti-Aircraft (AA) guns in twelve quadruple-gunned mounts and 28 x 20mm Oerlikon AA guns in single-gunned mounts.

USS Toledo's keel was laid down on September 13th, 1943 and she was launched on May 6th, 1945. Commissioned on October 27th, 1946, she missed out on combat action in World War 2 altogether - the war having ended in August of the previous year.©MilitaryFactory.com
The early part of her career centered on training voyages and goodwill stops throughout the Caribbean, the Mediterranean, the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean. In 1948, she stood on station at Yokosuka as part of the Allied occupation force and more goodwill stops followed. From 1949 to 1950, she underwent a refurbishment and entered a period of crew training once more. She was at Long Beach, California when the Korean War broke out. Once readied, she was ordered to steam to the combat theater and prepare for war.

USS Toledo served in the conflict from 1950 until 1952 and completed three tours. One of her major participations in the war was during the amphibious assault at Inchon which helped to turn the tide of the war in favor of the United States and its UN allies during September 1950. The warship was used to pummel onshore and inland positions using her 8" and 5" gun batteries at range. Eventually, the enemy was pushed back for the time being and ultimately held in check. During the early part of 1953, the warship was given an overhaul back in U.S. waters and remained there when the armistice between North Korea and South Korea was signed (July 27th, 1953). She was still stationed in Korean waters (basing out of Japan) for the near future to serve as a deterrent against further aggression by the North.

After a period that included evacuating Chinese Nationalist forces from mainland China, the warship continued undertaking training exercises, patrols and goodwill stops, all in Pacific waters. With her services no longer needed, USS Toledo was retired from frontline, active service by May 1960. For the next fourteen years, she lay in reserve in San Diego waters until her name was struck from the Naval Register in January of 1974 and her hulk sold off for scrapping in late-October 1974.

Sadly, none of the Baltimore-class warships were preserved as floating museums.©MilitaryFactory.com
Note: The above text is EXCLUSIVE to the site www.MilitaryFactory.com. It is the product of many hours of research and work made possible with the help of contributors, veterans, insiders, and topic specialists. If you happen upon this text anywhere else on the internet or in print, please let us know at MilitaryFactory AT gmail DOT com so that we may take appropriate action against the offender / offending site and continue to protect this original work.


Service Year

United States national flag graphic
United States



USS Baltimore (CA-68); USS Boston (CA-69); USS Canberra (CA-70); USS Quincy (CA-71); USS Pittsburgh (CA-72); USS Saint Paul (CA-73); USS Columbus (CA-74); USS Helena (CA-75); USS Bremerton (CA-131); USS Fall River (CA-132); USS Macon (); USS Toledo (CA-133); USS Los Angeles (CA-135); USS Chicago (CA-136)

Untied States (retired)
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Offshore Bombardment
Offshore bombardment / attack of surface targets / areas primarily through onboard ballistic weaponry.
Offshore strike of surface targets primarily through onboard missile / rocket weaponry.
Maritime Patrol
Active patroling of vital waterways and maritime areas; can also serve as local deterrence against airborne and seaborne threats.
Airspace Denial / Deterrence
Neutralization or deterrence of airborne elements through onboard ballistic of missile weaponry.
Fleet Support
Serving in support (either firepower or material) of the main surface fleet in Blue Water environments.

675.0 ft
205.74 m
70.9 ft
21.61 m
20.5 ft
6.25 m

Installed Power: Boilers feeding 4 x Geared steam turbines driving power to 4 x Shafts under stern.
Surface Speed
33.0 kts
(38.0 mph)

kts = knots | mph = miles-per-hour | nm = nautical miles | mi = miles | km = kilometers

1 kts = 1.15 mph | 1 nm = 1.15 mi | 1 nm = 1.85 km
9 x 8" /55 caliber main guns in three triple-gunned turrets.
12 x 5" /38 caliber secondary guns in six twin-gunned turrets.
48 x 40mm Bofors Anti-Aircraft (AA) guns in twelve quadruple-gunned emplacements.
28 x 20mm Oerlikon AA guns in single-gunned mountings.

Supported Types

Graphical image of a historical warship turreted main gun armament
Graphical image of an aircraft automatic cannon

(Not all weapon types may be represented in the showcase above)

Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War period
Military lapel ribbon for early warship designs
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2

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