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Technical


Wheeled Improvised Fighting Vehicle (IFV)


Russia | 1917



"The Technical has evolved much from the days of World War 1 and is heavily relied upon by irregular fighting forces of the world."



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 07/13/2018 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
The "Technical" is a generic name given to make-shift military vehicles crudely developed on the chassis of existing 4x4 all-wheel drive civilian-minded vehicles - typically seen as a flatbed pickup truck whose driving cabin is the only obstruction for any trainable weapon installed over the rear section. Technicals are low-cost options for low-budget militaries and militia groups requiring mobile firepower and provide a fast-attack capability against both established forces and lesser foes. Such vehicles serve well for local intimidation, as reconnaissance mounts, and in the ambush role where their weaponry can be quickly brought to bear on unsuspecting targets. The versatility of the platform is only limited by the imagination of the fighting force and the tolerances of the chassis in play. Throughout history, Technicals have been fitted with an array of light-to-medium-class military hardware - rocket projectors (in the MLRS role), heavy machine guns, medium machine guns, recoilless rifles, and complete Anti-Aircraft (AA) cannon systems being just some examples. The usual inherent four-wheel drive functionality allows for a certain level of off-road performance though this is sometimes hampered by the weight of the combat equipment installed. Additionally, Technicals usually forgo armor protection and supply very little survivability to its crew.

The modern day form of the Technical emerged from the fighting in Somalia during the early 1990s. However, such improvised vehicles saw their origins much earlier during the fighting of World War 1 (1914-1918) where standard civilian-minded chassis (truck or car) were modified as roving ground attack vehicles through installation of weapons and armor plating. In some cases, the results were viable war machines but, in others, the vehicles were too heavy for off-road use and clumsy to wield in action thanks to their high profiles. Nevertheless, the low-cost option allowed warplanners an edge over less technically-advanced foes though, on a modern battlefield against a technically superior enemy, Technicals have proven poor battle wagons that offer little tactical value. The Technical evolved throughout the interwar years since The Great War and saw additional work on their kind during the fighting of World War 2 (1939-1945) - particularly in far-off places where soldiers had to make do with what was available to them.

From the Cold War onwards, Technicals have proven ever-popular for both regular and irregular forces across the African continent and the Middle East region of the world where utility trucks have proven readily available - these vehicles usually combined with old stocks of Soviet- or American-originated weaponry as available. Special forces operatives and mercenaries alike have also come to rely on the Technical through their own work in these regions. Iraqi police were issued a Toyota-based Technical as their ranks were rebuilt following the U.S.-led invasion of Iraq in 2003 and Syrian rebels in the ongoing Syrian Civil War (2011-Present) have heavily, and continually, relied on the Technical in their march against the Assad-led government.

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Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one land system design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the Technical Wheeled Improvised Fighting Vehicle (IFV).
Highly Variable: 1 x 6- or 8-cylinder gasoline- or diesel-fueled engine (typical) developing at least 50 horsepower.
Installed Power
99 mph
160 kph
Road Speed
351 miles
565 km
Range
Structure
The physical qualities of the Technical Wheeled Improvised Fighting Vehicle (IFV).
2
(MANNED)
Crew
14.6 ft
4.45 meters
O/A Length
5.6 ft
1.7 meters
O/A Width
7.5 ft
2.3 meters
O/A Height
4,409 lb
2,000 kg | 2.2 tons
Weight
Armament & Ammunition
Available supported armament, ammunition, and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the Technical Wheeled Improvised Fighting Vehicle (IFV).
Variable - has included medium machine guns, heavy machine guns, rocket projectors, recoilless rifles, Anti-Aircraft (AA) cannons and any personal weapons carried by the crew.
AMMUNITION:
Dependent on armament fitted. Highly variable.
SPECIAL EQUIPMENT:
Nightvision - NONE.
Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear Protection (CBRN) - NONE.
Variants
Notable series variants as part of the Technical family line.
Highly variable - designs typically use a 4-wheeled chassis but 6-wheeled forms have been fabricated in certain regions where stocks of such vehicles were available.
Operators
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the Technical. Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national land systems listing.

Total Production: 100,000 Units

Contractor(s): Variable; Dependent Upon Region
National flag of Afghanistan National flag of Algeria National flag of Chad National flag of Iraq National flag of Lebanon National flag of Libya National flag of Morocco National flag of North Korea National flag of Russia National flag of Sudan National flag of Somalia National flag of Syria

[ Afghanistan; Algeria; Chad; Democratic Republic of the Congo; Imperial Russia; Iraq; Lebanon; Liberia; Libya; Mauritania; Morocco; North Korea; Somalia; Sudan; Syria ]
1 / 2
Image of the Technical
Image from the United States Department of Defense imagery database.
2 / 2
Image of the Technical
Image from the United States Department of Defense imagery database.

Design Qualities
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to battlefield requirements.
ANTI-AIRCRAFT
ANTI-TANK/ARMOR
FIRE SUPPORT / ASSAULT / BREACHING
ARMOR CAR / SECURITY
TANK-vs-TANK
RECONNAISSANCE
UTILITY
Recognition
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
The Technical Wheeled Improvised Fighting Vehicle (IFV) appears in the following collections:
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