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USS New Jersey (BB-62)


Battleship (1942)


Naval Warfare

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Jump-to: Specifications

The USS New Jersey went on to become the most decorated battleship in United States Navy history.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 08/26/2018 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com; the following text is exclusive to this site.
Designed and operated in the early 1940's, the USS New Jersey saw extensive combat actions in the Pacific Theater of War assisting in task force duties, amphibious marine assaults and flagship protection (herself becoming a flagship for Operation Hailstone. Her first action was in softening shoreline positions at Eniwetok for an amphibious assault and the vessel would later take part in actions against Saipan and Tinian. The New Jersey was also present at the "Marianas Turkey Shoot" in which some 400 Japanese pilots lost their lives to just 17 American souls. Later, the New Jersey was called into action in operations in an around the Philippine Islands. Towards the end of the conflict, the New Jersey would see extensive action in the Iwo Jima landings and the taking of Okinawa before residing for a time in Tokyo Bay and later returning to San Francisco. After World War 2, the USS New Jersey made her way back home to the state of New Jersey to a heroes welcome. Once there, the New Jersey took the role of crew trainer for a time before being deactivated and set to reserve with the Atlantic Fleet.

The respite for the New Jersey never lasted long, however, as storm clouds loomed over the Korean peninsula. The New Jersey was called back into operational action by 1950 and her guns erupted once more in anger, often times outranging the land-based artillery systems available. Receiving generally little damage through World War 2, the New Jersey took a direct hit in the Korean War for the loss of one of her crew. With ongoing actions, the New Jersey engaged shoreline and inland positions with stunning efficiency. By 1953, her mission - and the war - was finally at a close and she set out for Norfolk, Virginia then later participating in joint exercises in the Mediterranean as required. The USS New Jersey was once again deactivated and added to the reserve fleet in 1957.

The Vietnam conflict pressed the USS New Jersey into further action in 1968 and continued her unblemished performance streak in that war, being called upon to support friendlies and silence enemies as before. The New Jersey was finally called back to Long Beach, California in 1969 only to receive orders that she would be deactivated once more. Modernization and a new-look navy brought the USS New Jersey back online in 1982. This effort put the New Jersey at the forefront of becoming the most advanced battleship in the world as Tomahawk cruise missile launchers and Harpoon anti-ship missiles launchers were added.
Like her sister ships, the USS New Jersey was an awe-inspiring site in 1943 with her 9 x 16 inch Mark 7 series main guns. Supplemental artillery support was provided through some twenty 5" Mark 12 series cannons and air-defense accomplished through 80 x 40mm guns and an additional 49 x 20mm guns. By 1982 and undergoing modernization with the rest of the Iowa class battleships, the USS New Jersey received a full complement of 32 x BGM-109 Tomahawk cruise missiles fired from eight quadruple launchers. This was supplemented by 16 x RGM-84 Harpoon anti-ship missiles fired from similar quadruple launchers. Air defense was now covered by 4 x 20mm Phalanx CIWS (Close-In Weapon System) mountings positioned about.

Still at her home in Long Beach, the USS New Jersey was re-commissioned and back in action just in time to support US involvement in the Lebanese War of 1983-1984. As expected, the New Jersey performed admirably well and was kept offshore after the Marine barracks bombing on October 23, 1983. Following that involvement, the New Jersey served with the Pacific Fleet before returning stateside in 1990. With her decommissioning already underway, the USS New Jersey had to watch from the sidelines as her sisters - the USS Wisconsin and the USS Missouri - pounded Iraqi positions in Kuwait during the Persian Gulf War, a silent end to a most legendary ship.

Today, the USS New Jersey remains a floating museum and, fittingly, the property of the state of New Jersey. It was added to the list of National Register of Historic Places on September 17th, 2004 and resides in Camden, New Jersey. The USS New Jersey, in all its glory, remains the most decorated battleship to have ever flown the colors of the United States of America, earning some 19 battle stars for actions covering World War 2, Korea, Vietnam and Lebanon - a testament to her crews, commanders and systems alike, operating in deadly and efficient unison and instilling the fear and might of the power of United States Navy for well over four and a half decades.

Specifications



Service Year
1942

Origin
United States national flag graphic
United States

Complement
1,921
PERSONNEL


Class
Iowa-class
Number-in-Class
4
VESSELS
Ships-in-Class


USS Iowa (BB 61); USS New Jersey (BB 62); USS Missouri (BB 63); USS Wisconsin (BB 64)


National flag of the United States United States
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Offshore Bombardment
Offshore bombardment / attack of surface targets / areas primarily through onboard ballistic weaponry.
Land-Attack
Offshore strike of surface targets primarily through onboard missile / rocket weaponry.
Maritime Patrol
Active patroling of vital waterways and maritime areas; can also serve as local deterrence against airborne and seaborne threats.
Airspace Denial / Deterrence
Neutralization or deterrence of airborne elements through onboard ballistic of missile weaponry.
Fleet Support
Serving in support (either firepower or material) of the main surface fleet in Blue Water environments.
Flag Ship / Capital Ship
Serving in the fleet Flag Ship role or Capital Ship in older warship designs / terminology.


Length
888.0 ft
270.66 m
Beam
108.0 ft
32.92 m
Draught
29.0 ft
8.84 m
Displacement
45,000
tons


Installed Power: Geared steam turbines developing 212,000 horsepower to 4 x Shafts.
Surface Speed
33.0 kts
(38.0 mph)


1943:
9 x 16" Mark 7 main guns
20 x 5" Mark 12 guns
80 x 40mm anti-aircraft guns
49 x 20mm anti-aircraft guns

1968:
9 x 16" Mark 7 main guns
20 x 5" Mark 12 guns

1982:
9 x 16" Mark 7 main guns
20 x 5" Mark 12 guns
32 x BGM-109 Tomahawk cruise missiles surface-to-surface
16 x RGM-84 Harpoon anti-ship surface-to-surface missiles
4 x 20mm Phalanx CIWS


Supported Types


Graphical image of a historical warship turreted main gun armament
Graphical image of an aircraft Gatling-style rotating gun
Graphical image of an aircraft anti-ship missile
Graphical image of an air launched cruise missile weapon


(Not all weapon types may be represented in the showcase above)
1943 - 3 x Vought OS2U Kingfisher
1982 - 4 x Kaman SH-2 Seasprite helicopters


Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2


Ribbon graphics not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective naval campaigns / operations / periods.

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