At the height of World War 2 (1939-1945), the United States Navy (USN) contracted with Bethlehem Steel Company of Quincy, Massachusetts to construct USS Saint Paul (CA-73). The warship was part of a greater effort that became the Baltimore-class of ocean-going, heavy-class cruiser warships of which fourteen were earmarked to be built from 1941 until 1945 - the last year of the war. All fourteen were completed and none of the group was lost in action, the class being retired without preservation at any level.
The class succeeded the one-off USS Wichita (CA-45) heavy cruiser and was, itself, succeeded by the Oregon-class. Within the Baltimore-class lay subclasses Boston and Albany.
USS Saint Paul (CA-73) was named after the Minnesota city of Saint Paul and saw her keel laid down on February 3rd, 1943 (originally as USS Rochester). She was formally launched to sea on September 16th, 1944 and entered commissioned service on February 17th, 1945 - just in time for the latter stages of the war.
As built, she displaced 14,500 tons and held a running length of 673.5 feet, a beam of 70.9 feet, and a draught down to 26.4 feet. Power was pulled from an arrangement encompassing 4 x Babcock & Wilcox boiler units feeding 4 x Steam turbinesets generating 120,000 horsepower to drive 4 x Shafts astern. Her conventional powerplant allowed for ocean-going speeds of 32 knots in ideal conditions and aboard was a complement of 1,100 officers and enlisted personnel (approximately 61 and 1,085, respectively). Four recoverable seaplanes were carried on the ship for Over-the-Horizon (OtH) work, these launched from a pair of catapults. Air-search and fighter-direction radars were installed.
Armor protection ranged from 6" at the belt and 2.5" at the deck to 8" at the turret and 6.5" at the conning tower - making for one well-protected warship.
At the heart of this heavy cruiser was its armament suite led by 9 x 8" (203mm) /55 caliber turreted main guns spread across three triple-gunned turrets, two fore and one aft. Beyond this were 12 x 5" (127mm) /38 caliber secondary guns in six twin-gunned turrets about the hull superstructure, 48 x 40mm Bofors Anti-Aircraft (AA) automatic cannons in twelve quadruple-gunned emplacements, and 22 x 20mm Oerlikon AA guns on single trainable mountings.
Departing Boston, MA waters in May of 1945, USS Saint Paul's late entry into the war allowed her to see only limited action in the Pacific Theater against the Empire of Japan. This included strikes at Kure, Kobe, and Tokyo before the Japanese surrender of August 1945.
In the post-war years, she remained on station in Japanese waters into November 1945 before relocating to Shanghai into 1946. When war between the Koreas broke out in the summer of 1950, USS Saint Paul returned to action, at first used to cover the retreating Allied forces. During April 1952, a powder fire occurred at her forward main gun turret which cost the lives of thirty men. Repairs on the ship was carried out in Japan before the ship returned to action and her guns used against enemy targets inland. July 1953 saw the warship fire off the last naval rounds of the entire war as a loose armistice was agreed to between the North and South.
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USS Baltimore (CA-68); USS Boston (CA-69 / CAG-1); USS Canberra (CA-70); USS Quincy (CA-71); USS Pittsburgh (CA-72); USS Saint Paul (CA-73); USS Columbus (CA-74 / CG-12); USS Helena (CA-75); USS Bremerton (CA-130); USS Fall River (CA-131); USS Macon (CA-132); USS Toledo (CA-133); USS Loss Angeles (CA-135); USS Chicago (CA-136 / CG-11) Ships-in-Class
Offshore bombardment / attack of surface targets / areas primarily through onboard ballistic weaponry.
Offshore strike of surface targets primarily through onboard missile / rocket weaponry.
Active patroling of vital waterways and maritime areas; can also serve as local deterrence against airborne and seaborne threats.
Airspace Denial / Deterrence
Neutralization or deterrence of airborne elements through onboard ballistic of missile weaponry.
Serving in support (either firepower or material) of the main surface fleet in Blue Water environments.
Main armament is housed in primary turret(s) arrangement offering enhanced protection.
Additional second-line firepower is managed through secondary turret emplacements about the ship's design.
Onboard systems alert and protect the vessel from airborne, low-flying airborne threats through ballistic and / or missile weaponry.
An Over-the-Horizon operational capability is granted to the vessel, typically through launched fixed-wing / rotary-wing aircraft.
673.4 feet (205.25 meters) Length
70.9 feet (21.61 meters) Beam
26.4 feet (8.05 meters) Draught
14,500 tons Displacement
4 x Babcock & Wilcox boiler units feeding 4 x Steam turbinesets driving 4 x Shafts astern. Propulsion
9 x 8" (203mm) /55 caliber main guns in three triple-gunned primary turrets.
12 x 5" (127mm) /38 caliber secondary guns in six twin-gunned turrets.
48 x 40mm Bofors Anti-Aircraft (AA) automatic cannons in twelve quadruple-gunned emplacements.
22 x 20mm Oerlikon AA autocannons in single-gunned mountings.
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