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Lockheed F-94 Starfire


All-Weather Interceptor Aircraft


United States | 1950



"The F-94 system was a further development of the T-33 twin-seat trainer aircraft produced by Lockheed."



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 04/29/2021 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
The F-94 (nicknamed "Starfire" in the "C" model only) was developed from the successful twin-seat Lockheed trainer aircraft known as the T-33 Shooting Star, which in itself was based on the single-seat P-80 / F-80 Shooting Star. The system was designed to overtake the F-80 in terms of performance, but more so to intercept the new high-level Soviet bombers capable of nuclear attacks on America and her Allies - in particular, the new Tupelov Tu-4. The F-94 was quickly designed as such, to fill this role until more capable aircraft could be studied and developed.

The F-94 shared many visual similarities with the Shooting Star series including the single engine powerplant, twin intakes at the front, wingtip fuel tanks and a low-monoplane straight wing. The system was crewed by two personnel and featured a powerful radar, so prized by bomber command in fact, that flights over enemy territory were restricted for fear that the system would fall into enemy hands.

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Like the F-80 before it, the F-94 was also one of the earlier jet fighters charged with protecting American airspace from Soviet bomber and fighter incursions. Many F-94 systems were kept on ready alert throughout the early production life of the aircraft for this very reason. The fact that Soviet forces had recently detonated their own nuclear bomb made the situation that much more perilous.

Seeing combat action in the Korean War, the F-94 performed acceptably, though it should be noted that the system did not exceed performance of the existing F-80 Shooting Star fighters in any way - despite its newer design and more powerful engine. By the end of the war, the system was already being replaced as a frontline alternative by more modern and capable fighters and strike aircraft. Where the F-94 did shine in the conflict, however, was in using its powerful radar in conjunction with night-fighting sorties, able to find, target and destroy enemy aircraft through instrument use only.

By the middle of the 1950's the stop-gap measure that was the F-94 was being retired in quantity, with several falling into US National Guard hands for home defense. The F-94 "C" system would become the ultimate version of the series, earning the sole nickname of "Starfire" (no other models of the series carried this designation except the "C" model until it was adopted for the whole family of aircraft over time).

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Cockpit
While traditional jobs involve workstations, office desks, or cubicles, aircraft provide operators with their own unique, ever-changing view of the world below.
Cockpit image
[ Click to Enlarge ]
Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one aircraft design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the Lockheed F-94C Starfire All-Weather Interceptor Aircraft.
1 x Pratt & Whitney J48-P-5 turbojet engine generating 8,750lbs of thrust.
Propulsion
585 mph
941 kph | 508 kts
Max Speed
51,394 ft
15,665 m | 10 miles
Service Ceiling
1,199 miles
1,930 km | 1,042 nm
Operational Range
7,980 ft/min
2,432 m/min
Rate-of-Climb
City-to-City Ranges
Operational range when compared to distances between major cities (in KM).
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Structure
The nose-to-tail, wingtip-to-wingtip physical qualities of the Lockheed F-94C Starfire All-Weather Interceptor Aircraft.
2
(MANNED)
Crew
44.5 ft
13.56 m
O/A Length
42.4 ft
(12.93 m)
O/A Width
14.9 ft
(4.55 m)
O/A Height
12,701 lb
(5,761 kg)
Empty Weight
24,200 lb
(10,977 kg)
MTOW
Design Balance
The three qualities reflected below are altitude, speed, and range. The more full the box, the more balanced the design.
RANGE
ALT
SPEED
Armament
Available supported armament and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the Lockheed F-94 Starfire All-Weather Interceptor Aircraft .
F-94A:
4 x 12.7mm Browning M3 machine guns in forward fuselage

F-94B:
4 x 12.7mm Browning M3 machine guns in forward fuselage
4 x 12.7mm Browning M3 machine guns in pods underwing (optional)

F-94C:
24 x 2.75-inch Mighty Mouse air-to-air folding-fin aerial rockets underfuselage.
24 x 2.75-inch Mighty Mouse air-to-air folding-fin aerial rockets in wing launchers.
Variants
Notable series variants as part of the Lockheed F-94 Starfire family line.
T-33 - Two-Seat Trainer Model on which the F-94 was based on.
YF-94 - Initial Prototype Series Model Designation.
YF-94 - Prototype Model Designation; 2 examples produced.
F-94A - Initial Production Model; 110 examples produced.
YF-94B - Single example; wingtip fuel tanks; improved A model.
F-94B - 357 examples of YF-94B models.
YF-94C - 2 examples based on YF-94B models; fitted with Pratt & Whitney J48 engines; tail surfaces swept; rockets in leading edge; YF-97A was original designation for this model.
F-94C "Starfire" - Production model of YF-94C; elongated nose; JATO rockets; 387 examples produced; only aircraft in the series to be initially designated as the "Starfire".
EF-94C - Proposed Reconnaissance Model
YF-94D - Proposed single-seat close-support fighter.
F-94D - Production Model of YF-94D; none produced with order cancellation.
YF-97A - Original Designation of YF-94C Model.
F-97A - Original Designation of F-94C Model.
Operators
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the Lockheed F-94 Starfire. Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national aircraft listing.

Total Production: 853 Units

Contractor(s): Lockheed Aircraft Corporation - USA
National flag of the United States

[ United States ]
Relative Max Speed
Hi: 750mph
Lo: 375mph
Aircraft Max Listed Speed (585mph).

Graph Average of 563 MPH.
Era Crossover
Pie graph section
Showcasing Aircraft Era Crossover (if any)
Max Alt Visualization
Small airplane graphic
Production Comparison
853
36183
44000
Entry compared against Ilyushin IL-2 (military) and Cessna 172 (civilian) total production.
MACH Regime (Sonic)
Sub
Trans
Super
Hyper
HiHyper
ReEntry
RANGES (MPH) Subsonic: <614mph | Transonic: 614-921 | Supersonic: 921-3836 | Hypersonic: 3836-7673 | Hi-Hypersonic: 7673-19180 | Reentry: >19030
Aviation Timeline
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ColdWar
Postwar
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Front left side view of a Lockheed F-94 Starfire at rest; color
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Left side profile view of the Lockheed F-94 Starfire; color

Mission Roles
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to airborne requirements.
INTERCEPTION
Recognition
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Similar
Developments of similar form-and-function, or related, to the Lockheed F-94 Starfire All-Weather Interceptor Aircraft.
Going Further...
The Lockheed F-94 Starfire All-Weather Interceptor Aircraft appears in the following collections:
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