The Main Battle Tank (MBT) became a primary battlefield fixture in the years following World War 2 (1939-1945). During the conflict, land forces relied on a mix of light, medium and heavy tank types to fulfill various requirements. The MBT arose out of a need for a 'Universal Tank' concept capable of achieving the same results through a single design. With the advent of lighter composite armor, engineers fashioned a new fighting machine which has remained the mainstay of modern land forces today.
The first true Main Battle Tank came from the British who unveiled their Centurion A41 in 1945. This was then followed by competing designs from the Soviet Union (the classic T-54/T-55 lines) and the United States (through their M60 'Patton'). In more recent years, some land forces have been abandoning the MBT concept in favor of more mobile, lightweight wheeled armored vehicles. Additionally, Anti-Tank Guided Missiles (ATGMs)) have increased their lethality and forced major protection revisions from MBT designers - leading to the thought that the MBT may very well be seeing its last decade of battlefield dominance.
There are a total of [ 77 ] Main Battle Tanks (MBT) entries in the Military Factory. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order (1-to-Z). Flag images indicative of country of origin and not necessarily primary operator.