×
Aircraft / Aviation Vehicles & Artillery Infantry Arms Warships & Submarines Military Pay Scale Military Ranks
HOME
ARMOR
MODERN ARMIES
COUNTRIES
MANUFACTURERS
COMPARE
BY CONFLICT
BY TYPE
BY DECADE
COLD WAR

Sho't (Whip)


Main Battle Tank (MBT) (1970)


Land Systems / Battlefield

The British Centurion Main Battle Tank formed the foundation of the Israeli Sho't series MBTs which saw service in the wars of the 1970s and early 1980s.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 02/10/2020 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.
Since its inception, the Israeli Army has always relied on a strong and powerful armored corps. This led the service to adoption of many foreign tank types which were, eventually, upgraded by local means to become more effective battlefield performers better ready to fulfill Israeli Army requirements. Such was the case with the Sho't ("Whip") Main Battle Tank (MBT) modernized in 1963 and formally introduced in 1970. The product was nothing more than the classic British Centurion MBT (Mk.5 series models) armed with the rifled 105mm L7 main gun and powered by the Rolls-Royce "Meteor" gasoline-fueled engine. The tanks were originally purchased back in 1959 and succeeded the aging line of World War 2-era M4 Sherman Medium Tanks and French-made AMX-13 MBTs.

In the span of a few short years, the line was upgraded, again locally, to the Sho't Kal standard which incorporated the American Continental AVDS-1790-2A diesel-fueled engine mated to an Allison CD850-6 transmission system (this led to original Sho't tanks being named as Sho't "Meteor"). The work ended in 1974 to which all Sho't tanks were modernized to the new standard. Other changes included implementation of Mk.13 armored package and introduction of a pintle-mounted 12.7mm Heavy Machine Gun (HMG) for local air-defense. Subvariants of the line became the Kal "Alef" of 1974 (new engine and transmission fit, revised cupola design), the Kal "Bet" of 1976 (improved armor protection), the Kal "Gimel" of 1982 (all-new turret rotating function, updated Fire Control System (FCS), support for "Blazer" Explosive Reactive Armor (ERA) blocks, and a new gun stabilizer system for improved firing "on-the-move") and the Kal "Dalet" of 1985 (laser range-finder, thermal sleeve on main gun unit).

It was projects like this that made the Centurion tank one of the most classic tanks of all time - flexibility, battlefield capability, reliability, all staples of a quality design. Other nations followed suit and instituted their own programs which gave the Centurion line a long and healthy service life across the globe.

The Sho't MBT's baptism of fire came with the 1967 Six Day War which pitted the Israeli armored formations against an Arab allied force led by Egypt, Syria and Jordan. The war resulted in a decisive Israeli victory and capture of the Gaza Strip, Sinai Peninsula ,West Bank and the Golan Heights. In one recorded action, two damaged Sho't tanks managed to destroy or disable some 60 enemy tanks (mainly Soviet T-55 and T-62 MBTs) - such was the competence of the Israeli crews and superiority of their battlefield machines. Its next wartime commitment arrived with the 1973 Yom Kippur War which became yet another Israeli victory against its Arab neighbors. However, this conflict proved the value of man-portable anti-armor weapons like Soviet RPGs for the enemy and the susceptibility of Israeli tanks against such forces - particularly in the early days of the war.

The Sho't series, though modernized, has since been supplanted by the more capable Merkava MBT series which, itself, has gone on to see progressive variants fielded. It also contains a troop-carrying function allowing the vehicles to serve as pseudo Infantry Fighting Vehicles (IFVs) in support of infantry formations. Additionally, crew protection has been enhanced and greater penetration is had from the 120mm smoothbore main gun fit.

Final actions involving Sho't tanks occurred in the 1982 Lebanon War to which the Sho't Gimel was made available with their support for the Blazer ERA package. Many frontline Sho't and related forms went on to be reconstituted into still-useful Armored Personnel Carriers (APCs) or Combat Engineer Vehicles (CEVs). The final MBT form was the Dalet which was introduced in the middle part of the 1980s.

At least 390 Israeli Centurions are known to have been modified to the Sho't standard.

Specifications



Service Year
1970

Origin
Israel national flag graphic
Israel

Crew
4
CREWMEN
Production
390
UNITS


State Factories - Israel
National flag of Israel Israel
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Engineering
Onboard systems provide solutions to accomplish a variety of battlefield engineering tasks.
Main Battle Tank (MBT)
Primary armored ground combat unit of modern armies utilizing speed, protection, and / or firepower to spearhead armored assaults.
Frontline Asset
Frontline unit used to take direct part in forward operating actions against enemy positions / targets.
Tank-vs-Tank
Engage armored vehicles of similar form and function.


Length
116.1 ft
35.4 m
Width
37.7 ft
11.5 m
Height
31.2 ft
9.5 m
Weight
125,663 lb
57,000 kg
Tonnage
62.8 tons
HEAVY
(Showcased structural values pertain to the Sho't Kal production variant. Length typically includes main gun in forward position if applicable to the design)
Powerplant: 1 x Continental AVDS-1790-2A diesel-fueled engine developing 750 horsepower at 2,400rpm driving conventional track-and-wheel arrangement.
Speed
29.8 mph
(48.0 kph)
Range
124.3 mi
(200.0 km)
(Showcased performance specifications pertain to the Sho't Kal production variant. Compare this entry against any other in our database)
1 x 105mm L7 rifled main gun in turret.
1 x 12.7mm turret roof-mounted Anti-Aircraft (AA) Heavy Machine Gun (HMG) on turret roof.
1 x 7.62mm co-axial machine gun in turret.
Smoke Grenade Dischargers.

OPTIONAL:
1 x 7.62mm anti-infantry machine gun.


Supported Types


Graphical image of a tank cannon armament
Graphical image of a tank medium machine gun
Graphical image of a tank heavy machine gun
Graphical image of tank /armored vehicle smoke grenade dischargers


(Not all weapon types may be represented in the showcase above)
Not Available.


Sho't - Base Series Name; at least 390 Centurion tanks believed to have been converted.
Sho't "Meteor" - Fitted with original Rolls-Royce Meteor gasoline-fueled engine.
Sho't "Kal" - Fitted with Continental diesel-fueled engine; Allison transmission system; 0/50 cal AA gun mounting on turret roof.
Sho't Kal "Alef" - Subvariant model of 1974; modified commander's cupola; revised engine and transmission fit.
Sho't Kal "Bet" - Subvariant model of 1976; improved armor protection
Sho't Kal "Gimel" - Subvariant model of 1982; Blazer ERA armor support; new sighting device and Fire Control System (FCS); revised smoke grenades.
Sho't Kal "Dalet" - Subvariant; model of 1985; main gun thermal sleeve; new laser range-finder added.


Military lapel ribbon for the American Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of the Bulge
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Kursk
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur War
Military lapel ribbon for experimental military vehicles


Ribbon graphics not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns / operations.

Advertisements





Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies


2022 Military Pay Scale Army Ranks Navy Ranks Air Force Ranks Alphabet Code DoD Dictionary American War Deaths French Military Victories Vietnam War Casualties

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com.

Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world, WDMMA.org, the World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft, and SR71blackbird.org, detailing the history of the world's most iconic spyplane.


Facebook Logo YouTube Logo

www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-