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Vickers MBT (VMBT)


Main Battle Tank


United Kingdom | 1965



"The Vickers Main Battle Tank was developed with the budget-conscious export market in mind."



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 02/24/2020 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
The Vickers Main Battle Tank series was created with export customers in mind. It was soon discovered that foreign operators of the Centurion would find its successor - the Chieftain - too expensive to procure and effectively too expensive to maintain. As such, the Vickers company began work on a cost-effective export design to secure those future orders. As it turned out, India was in the market for a full-service, new main battle tank to add to its armories. This match would secure orders and license production for years to come.

The Vickers series of tanks were highly conventional. They were fielded with the tried and proven L7 105mm rifled main gun with a ranging 12.7mm (.50 caliber) machine gun along with some of the internal components already found in the Chieftain series. The result was a capable tank produced in number locally and abroad.

The Vickers was seen in two Mark series that included the Mk 1 and the upgraded Mk 3. The Mk 2 was never put into production. The Mk 3 series varied from the Mk 1 in that a new Leyland 60 powerplant was fitted along with a welded-turret construction. The production of the Vickers tank produced several variants utilizing a similar chassis that included the VABV bridgelayer counterpart and an armored recovery vehicle. A further interesting variant of note is the 155mm self-propelled howitzer that can be converted from the MBT.

Production in India was handled by the Avadi Company (resulting in the Vijayanta, based on the Mk 1, model of 1965). By the end of its production run in the mid 1980's, over 2,000 had been produced under license. Additional export customers included Kuwait, Kenya and Nigeria. As expected, the general Vickers tank can be fitted with several options to suit the buyer including an air filtration system, night vision equipment and fire extinguisher systems.

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Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one land system design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the Vickers MBT Main Battle Tank.
1 x Detroit Diesel 12V-71T turbocharged diesel-fueled engine developing 720 horsepower at 2,500 rpm driving conventional track-and-wheel arrangement.
Installed Power
31 mph
50 kph
Road Speed
304 miles
490 km
Range
Structure
The physical qualities of the Vickers MBT Main Battle Tank.
4
(MANNED)
Crew
32.1 ft
9.78 meters
O/A Length
10.4 ft
3.16 meters
O/A Width
10.1 ft
3.09 meters
O/A Height
85,319 lb
38,700 kg | 42.7 tons
Weight
Armament & Ammunition
Available supported armament, ammunition, and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the Vickers MBT (VMBT) Main Battle Tank.
1 x 105mm main gun in turret.
1 x 7.62mm co-axial machine gun in turret.
1 x 7.62mm Anti-Aircraft (AA) machine gun at commander's cupola on turret roof.
1 x 12.7mm Heavy Machine Gun (HMG) for ranging.
12 x Smoke Grenade Dischargers on turret.
AMMUNITION:
50 x 105mm projectiles.
700 x 12.7mm ammunition.
2,400 x 7.62mm ammunition.
12 x Smoke Grenades.
SPECIAL EQUIPMENT:
Nightvision - OPTIONAL
Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear Protection (CBRN) - OPTIONAL
Variants
Notable series variants as part of the Vickers MBT (VMBT) family line.
Vickers VMBT Mk 1 - Initial Production Model Series
Vickers VMBT Mk 1 "Vijayanta" - Indian Production Model.
Vickers VMBT Mk 2 - Never produced.
Vickers VMBT Mk 3 - Upgraded Production Model Series; fitted with Leyland L60 powerplant and constructed with a welded turret.
Vickers VABV - Armored Bridgelayer
Vickers ARV - Armored Recovery Vehicle
Vickers MBT 155mm - Self-Propelled Howitzer
"Vijayanta" - Local Indian production of Vickers Mk 1; introduced in 1965.
Operators
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the Vickers MBT (VMBT). Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national land systems listing.

Total Production: 2,331 Units

Contractor(s): BAE Systems Land Systems - UK / Avadi Company - India
National flag of India National flag of Kuwait National flag of Nigeria National flag of Tanzania

[ India; Kenya; Kuwait; Nigeria; Tanzania ]
1 / 1
Image of the Vickers MBT (VMBT)
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Design Qualities
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to battlefield requirements.
ENGINEERING
MAIN BATTLE TANK
FRONTLINE ASSET
TANK-vs-TANK
TRACK-AND-WHEEL DRIVE
Recognition
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
The Vickers MBT (VMBT) Main Battle Tank appears in the following collections:
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