Aircraft / Aviation Vehicles & Artillery Infantry Arms Warships & Submarines Military Pay Chart (2023) Military Ranks
Land Systems / Battlefield

T-72M4 CZ (T-72M1)

Main Battle Tank (MBT) [ 2006 ]

Born from the Soviet-era T-72 Main Battle Tank, the Czech Army operates thirty of the locally-modernized T-72M4 CZ MBT.

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 05/16/2022 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.

When introduced in the 1970s, the Soviet T-72 Main Battle Tank (MBT) became an export success for Soviet allies of the Cold War period - some 25,000 were produced for service worldwide. Operators included Czechoslovakia which eventually managed several hundred of the type in inventory. With the dissolution of the Soviet Union in the early 1990s, followed by Czechoslovakia in 1993, the newly-born Czech Republic inherited this stock of tanks and continued in their operational use. In time, about thirty were called to be upgraded to a newer, more modern local standard designated "T-72M4 CZ".

The T-72M4 CZ stands as a comprehensive reworking of the base T-72M1 production model. Nearly all major facets of the fighting machine have been reworked or replaced including the powerpack, crew positions, and vehicle survivability. Some of the work was made possible by foreign companies such as NIMDA of Israel. A fully digitally-assisted main gun has added lethality and a laser range-finder / thermal system had been built into the commander's position (as has day and night panoramic sighting devices). A laser warning system (of Polish origin) has improved crew and tank survivability by enhancing situational awareness. The engine is now an American Perkins CV12-1000 water-cooled diesel unit of 1,000 horsepower output and this is mated to an American Allison XTG-411-6 automatic transmission system. The main gun remains the same Soviet-era 125mm smoothbore fit but all-new ammunition has been locally developed for it, increasing penetration values at range (however the gun stabilization hardware is a carry-over).

Beyond expanded use of Explosive Reactive Armor (ERA) blocks for self-defense, the vehicle retains electronically-actuated smoke grenade dischargers to produce a self-screening effect. Side skit armor enhances protection from side attacks to the upper track system. Due to its originating in the T-72 design, the T-72M4 CZ also shares the original tank's low profile and three-man crew (as well as autoloader for the main gun).

The changes have produced a heavier combat vehicle as a result but one that is more powerful and better-protected than previously fielded. However, the resulting commitment has also produced a T-72 offshoot that is reliant on foreign-born components and this has triggered escalating per-unit cost. The Czech Army originally ordered some 350 of the new standard to come from its existing T-72 stock but this total was reduced to 140 units due to budgetary constraints. Additional pressure forced just thirty of the vehicles to be covered under a revised contract commitment.

Work on the series spanned from 2003 to 2006. The VT-72M4 CZ is an Armored Recovery Vehicle (ARV) based on the T-72M4 CZ.©MilitaryFactory.com
Note: The above text is EXCLUSIVE to the site www.MilitaryFactory.com. It is the product of many hours of research and work made possible with the help of contributors, veterans, insiders, and topic specialists. If you happen upon this text anywhere else on the internet or in print, please let us know at MilitaryFactory AT gmail DOT com so that we may take appropriate action against the offender / offending site and continue to protect this original work.


Service Year

Czechoslovakia national flag graphic

In Active Service.

State Factories - Czech Republic
(View other Vehicle-Related Manufacturers)
National flag of Czechia Czech Republic
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Main Battle Tank (MBT)
Primary armored ground combat unit of modern armies utilizing speed, protection, and / or firepower to spearhead armored assaults.
Frontline Asset
Frontline unit used to take direct part in forward operating actions against enemy positions / targets.
Engage armored vehicles of similar form and function.

31.3 ft
9.55 m
11.8 ft
3.6 m
7.4 ft
2.25 m
98,767 lb
44,800 kg
49.4 tons
(Showcased structural values pertain to the T-72M4 CZ production variant. Length typically includes main gun in forward position if applicable to the design)
Powerplant: 1 x Perkins CV12-1000 diesel-fueled engine developing 1,000 horsepower driving conventional track-and-wheel arrangement.
37.9 mph
(61.0 kph)
279.6 mi
(450.0 km)
(Showcased performance specifications pertain to the T-72M4 CZ production variant. Compare this entry against any other in our database)
1 x 125mm 2A46M smoothbore main gun in turret front face.
1 x 12.7mm Anti-Aircraft (AA) Heavy Machine Gun (HMG) at commander's cupola.
1 x 7.62mm co-axial machine gun in turret front face.
12 x Smoke grenade dischargers.

Supported Types

Graphical image of a tank cannon armament
Graphical image of a tank medium machine gun
Graphical image of a tank heavy machine gun
Graphical image of tank /armored vehicle smoke grenade dischargers

(Not all weapon types may be represented in the showcase above)
39 x 125mm projectiles (estimated).
300 x 12.7mm ammunition (estimated).
2,000 x 7.62mm ammunition (estimated).
12 x Smoke Grenades.

T-72M4 CZ - Base Series Designation; thirty formed from an existing stock of T-72M1 tanks.
VT-72M4 CZ - Armored Recovery Vehicle (ARV) model

Military lapel ribbon for the American Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of the Bulge
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Kursk
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Ukranian-Russian War
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur War
Military lapel ribbon for experimental military vehicles

Ribbon graphics not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns / operations.

Images Gallery

1 / 1
Image of the T-72M4 CZ (T-72M1)
Image from the Czechia Ministry of Defense; Public Release.


Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies

2023 Military Pay Chart Military Ranks DoD Dictionary Conversion Calculators Military Alphabet Code Military Map Symbols

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com. No A.I. was used in the generation of this content; site is 100% curated by humans.

Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world, WDMMA.org (World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft), WDMMW.org (World Directory of Modern Military Warships), SR71blackbird.org, detailing the history of the world's most iconic spyplane, and MilitaryRibbons.info, cataloguing military medals and ribbons.

View day-by-day actions of the American Civil War with CivilWarTimeline.net. View day-by-day actions of World War II with SecondWorldWarHistory.com.

©2023 www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-2023 (20yrs)