The Japanese-produced Type 90 Main Battle Tank is in service with the Japanese Self-Defense Force and features the German-designed Rheinmetall 120mm smooth-bore main gun (produced in Japan by Japan Steel Works under license) and a computerized Fire-Control System (FCS) by Mitsubishi Electric. Full-NBC protection is afforded to the crew with passive night vision equipment as well. Production of the system spanned from 1989 to 2009 to which 341 examples were completed in all.
The Type 90 MBT utilizes a conventional layout and arrangement with the engine in a rear compartment, the turret at center and the driver in the hull-front. Unlike other "Western" MBTs, the Type 90 utilizes only a crew of three (as opposed to four) made up of the driver, commander and gunner. Projectile-loading duties are then handled by an automated loading system - this arrangement more similar to Soviet-Russian designs. The Type 90 has full hunter-killer appropriations that allow for the tank to fire on-the-move with accuracy. Beyond the 120mm main gun is a 7.62mm Type 74 coaxial machine gun and a 12.7mm M2HB heavy machine gun for aircraft defense. Smoke grenade dischargers allow the vehicle to disperse its own smoke screen to cover maneuvers - either offensive or defense in nature.
Power is supplied from a Mitsubishi 10ZG 10-cylinder diesel-fueled engine developing 1,500 horsepower at 2,400rpm. The Type 90 maintains a maximum road speed of 70kmh with an operational range out to 350 kilometers on internal fuel.
Overall, the rather expensive Type 90 MBT is generally viewed as on par with other main battle tanks of this class 50-ton class. The chassis supports several other battlefield guises including an engineering vehicle with dozer blade, a bridgelayer with scissors-type blade and Armored Recovery Vehicle (ARV) variant with powered winch system.
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Onboard systems provide solutions to accomplish a variety of battlefield engineering tasks.
✓Main Battle Tank (MBT)
Primary armored ground combat unit of modern armies utilizing speed, protection, and / or firepower to spearhead armored assaults.
Frontline unit used to take direct part in forward operating actions against enemy positions / targets.
Engage armored vehicles of similar form and function.
32.0 ft 9.75 m
11.3 ft 3.43 m
7.7 ft 2.34 m
110,231 lb 50,000 kg
55.1 tons HEAVY
(Showcased structural values pertain to the base Type 90 (Kyu-maru) production variant. Length typically includes main gun in forward position if applicable to the design)
1 x Mitsubishi 10ZG 10-cylinder water-cooled, 2-stroke, diesel-fueled engine developing 1,500 horsepower at 2,400rpm driving conventional track-and-wheel arrangement.
43.5 mph (70.0 kph)
248.5 mi (400.0 km)
(Showcased performance specifications pertain to the base Type 90 (Kyu-maru) production variant. Compare this entry against any other in our database)
1 x 120mm main gun in turret.
1 x 7.62mm co-axial machine gun in turret.
1 x 12.7mm Anti-Aircraft (AA) Heavy Machine Gun (HMG) on turret roof.
6 x Smoke Grenade Dischargers on turret.
(Not all weapon types may be represented in the showcase above)
35 x 120mm projectiles.
2,000 x 7.62mm ammunition.
1,500 x 12.7mm ammunition.
6 x smoke grenades.
Type 90 MBT ("Kyu-maru") - Base combat production tank.
Type 90 ARV - Armored Recovery Vehicle conversion variant.
Type 91 AVLB - Bridgelayer conversion variant.
Ribbon graphics not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns / operations.
The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com.
Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world, WDMMA.org, the World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft, and SR71blackbird.org, detailing the history of the world's most iconic spyplane.