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Type 90 (Kyu-maru)


Main Battle Tank (MBT) (1992)


Land Systems / Battlefield

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Jump-to: Specifications

The Japanese Army Type 90 Main Battle Tank represents a respectable frontline combat system.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 02/24/2020 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.
The Japanese-produced Type 90 Main Battle Tank is in service with the Japanese Self-Defense Force and features the German-designed Rheinmetall 120mm smooth-bore main gun (produced in Japan by Japan Steel Works under license) and a computerized Fire-Control System (FCS) by Mitsubishi Electric. Full-NBC protection is afforded to the crew with passive night vision equipment as well. Production of the system spanned from 1989 to 2009 to which 341 examples were completed in all.

The Type 90 MBT utilizes a conventional layout and arrangement with the engine in a rear compartment, the turret at center and the driver in the hull-front. Unlike other "Western" MBTs, the Type 90 utilizes only a crew of three (as opposed to four) made up of the driver, commander and gunner. Projectile-loading duties are then handled by an automated loading system - this arrangement more similar to Soviet-Russian designs. The Type 90 has full hunter-killer appropriations that allow for the tank to fire on-the-move with accuracy. Beyond the 120mm main gun is a 7.62mm Type 74 coaxial machine gun and a 12.7mm M2HB heavy machine gun for aircraft defense. Smoke grenade dischargers allow the vehicle to disperse its own smoke screen to cover maneuvers - either offensive or defense in nature.
Power is supplied from a Mitsubishi 10ZG 10-cylinder diesel-fueled engine developing 1,500 horsepower at 2,400rpm. The Type 90 maintains a maximum road speed of 70kmh with an operational range out to 350 kilometers on internal fuel.

Overall, the rather expensive Type 90 MBT is generally viewed as on par with other main battle tanks of this class 50-ton class. The chassis supports several other battlefield guises including an engineering vehicle with dozer blade, a bridgelayer with scissors-type blade and Armored Recovery Vehicle (ARV) variant with powered winch system.

Specifications



Service Year
1992

Origin
Japan national flag graphic
Japan

Crew
3
CREWMEN
Production
341
UNITS


Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Tokyo - Japan
National flag of modern Japan Japan
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Engineering
Onboard systems provide solutions to accomplish a variety of battlefield engineering tasks.
Main Battle Tank (MBT)
Primary armored ground combat unit of modern armies utilizing speed, protection, and / or firepower to spearhead armored assaults.
Frontline Asset
Frontline unit used to take direct part in forward operating actions against enemy positions / targets.
Tank-vs-Tank
Engage armored vehicles of similar form and function.


Length
32.0 ft
9.75 m
Width
11.3 ft
3.43 m
Height
7.7 ft
2.34 m
Weight
110,231 lb
50,000 kg
Tonnage
55.1 tons
HEAVY
(Showcased structural values pertain to the base Type 90 (Kyu-maru) production variant. Length typically includes main gun in forward position if applicable to the design)
Powerplant: 1 x Mitsubishi 10ZG 10-cylinder water-cooled, 2-stroke, diesel-fueled engine developing 1,500 horsepower at 2,400rpm driving conventional track-and-wheel arrangement.
Speed
43.5 mph
(70.0 kph)
Range
248.5 mi
(400.0 km)
(Showcased performance specifications pertain to the base Type 90 (Kyu-maru) production variant. Compare this entry against any other in our database)
1 x 120mm main gun in turret.
1 x 7.62mm co-axial machine gun in turret.
1 x 12.7mm Anti-Aircraft (AA) Heavy Machine Gun (HMG) on turret roof.
6 x Smoke Grenade Dischargers on turret.


Supported Types


Graphical image of a tank cannon armament
Graphical image of a tank medium machine gun
Graphical image of a tank heavy machine gun
Graphical image of tank /armored vehicle smoke grenade dischargers


(Not all weapon types may be represented in the showcase above)
35 x 120mm projectiles.
2,000 x 7.62mm ammunition.
1,500 x 12.7mm ammunition.
6 x smoke grenades.


Type 90 MBT ("Kyu-maru") - Base combat production tank.
Type 90 ARV - Armored Recovery Vehicle conversion variant.
Type 91 AVLB - Bridgelayer conversion variant.


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