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Type 59G (Durjoy)

Main Battle Tank (MBT) [ 2015 ]

The Type 59 Durjoy is a local Bangladeshi Main Battle Tank upgraded from the original Chinese Type 59 design.

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 02/03/2023 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.

The Type 59 "Durjoy" is a Main Battle Tank (MBT) design relied upon by the modern Bangladesh Army. It is a further evolution (by way of modernization) of the Cold War-era Type 59 series originating from China - the Type 59 itself being nothing more than a localized Chinese copy of the classic Soviet-era T-54 (A-model) (these tanks are both detailed elsewhere on the Military Factory. The T-54 entered service in 1947 and production reached an astounding 100,000 between it and the closely-related T-55 mark. The Chinese version went on to reach a production total of 10,000 units from 1958 until 1985 (under the NORINCO brand label) while the Bangladeshi "Durjoy" exists through just 174 examples.

NOTE: Bangladesh originally received their Type 59 tanks by way of Egypt through an initial order of 30 ex-Egyptian Army service tanks in 1975. Over 100 examples were eventually procured. The upgraded Durjoy form was made possible by kits provided by China and assembled in Bangladesh from the period spanning 2014 to 2019 by Bangladesh Machine Tools Factory. With its modernization in place, the Durjoy is considered to be in same class as the upgraded American M60 "Patton", modern Polish PT-91 "Twardy", and in-service Iranian "Zulfiqar" MBTs.

At its core, the tank is a 46-ton vehicle, a notable increase from the original T-54's 40-ton curb weight. It has a running length of 19.8 feet with a beam of 10.7 feet and a height to turret top of 8.6 feet. Inside is a crew of four comprising a driver, tank commander, gunner, and loader. There are five, rubber-tired roadwheels to a hull side with the drive sprocket mounted at rear and the track idler at front. "Saw-tooth" side armor skirts protect the upper reaches of the track-and-wheel arrangement. The hull is suspended via a torsion bar suspension system giving it excellent cross-country mobility. Couple with its 730 horsepower output diesel-fueled engine, this gives the tank an unfettered road speed of 30 miles-per-hour with a range (on internal fuel stores) of 280 miles. External fuel drums can be installed over the rear hull face of the tank for increased operational ranges.

The modernization program has given the vehicle a new turret component with 125mm caliber main gun sporting an integrated recoil mechanism and fume extractor. The gun is afforded 28 total 125mm projectiles including the more potent, armor-defeating APFSDS type. The barrel also supports the firing of Anti-Tank Guided-Missiles (ATGMs). The commander's position also sees a Chinese 12.7mm Type 85 Heavy Machine Gun (HMG) installed. It retains a 7.62mm co-axial machine gun (Chinese Type 86) fit for anti-infantry actions. 81mm Smoke grenade dischargers are also fitted.

The base hull is constructed from composite armor and applique armor. Explosive Reactive Armor (ERA) blocks are used to enhance vehicle and crew survivability. "Cage Armor" is identified over the rear facing of the turret for protection from Line-of-Sight (LoS) rocket attacks originating from behind the vehicle. Headlamps are similarly protected over in cage armor. Additionally, the tank carries its own Nuclear-Biological-Chemical (NBC) protection suite, Laser Warning Receiver (LWR), and Fire suppression system. 12 x Smoke grenade launchers are seated in two banks of six grenades with each bank located at the turret sides.

Beyond this, the crew has access to a laser designator, thermal imaging system, and SATellite COMmunications (SATCOM) as well as an integrated air conditioning system.

Service entry of Durjoy tanks began in 2015 and continues today (2023).©MilitaryFactory.com
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Service Year

Bangladesh national flag graphic

In Active Service.

Bangladesh Machine Tools Factory - Bangladesh
(View other Vehicle-Related Manufacturers)
National flag of Bangladesh Bangladesh
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Main Battle Tank (MBT)
Primary armored ground combat unit of modern armies utilizing speed, protection, and / or firepower to spearhead armored assaults.
Frontline Asset
Frontline unit used to take direct part in forward operating actions against enemy positions / targets.
Engage armored vehicles of similar form and function.

Track-and-Wheel Arrangement
Vehicle utilizes a track-and-wheel arrangement to provide enhanced cross-country travel capability.
Primary Turret
A modern tank quality, this vehicle sports its main armament in a single turret.
Traversable Main Armament
Armament is situated in a traversing component, allowing for all-around engagement of enemy threats.
Recoil Enhancement
Main weapon has an integral recoil mechanism, allowing the system to remain trained-on-target after firing.
Firing On-the-Move
A modern quality, onboard systems provide accuracy to primary armament allowing for firing on-the-move.
Cross-Country Capability
Design includes such features as a track-link system or high ground clearance to better traverse offroad.
Angled Armor
Angled armor at key facings adds inherent ballistics protection to the vehicle.
Shallow Glacis
The shallow design of the glacis plate provides the vehicle with inherent ballistics protection as well as contributes to a lower overall profile - making it more difficult to disable.
Enhanced Armor Protection
Protection is enhanced by way of additional armor being installed over that of standard levels; plate steel for older designs and reactive armor for modern types.
Armored Skirt
Additional protection to the upper track reaches and roadwheels is achieved by way of addon armored skirts along the sides of the hull.
NBC Protection
Crew is provided (either as standard or optional) protection against Nuclear-Biological-Chemical agents for enhanced survivability in contaminated zones.
Smoke Screening
Vehicle has capability to self-generate a smoke screen, either through launched grenades or built-in engine funtion (raw fuel injection).
Crew has access to night-vision equipment, allowing for low-light or night time operations.
Anti-Aircraft / Air-Defense Capable
System is given an anti-aircraft defense component to protect itself from low-flying aerial threats at range.
Anti-Tank Capable
Onboard solution provides ability to neutralize armored or fortified targets at range through missile or penetrating ballistic weapons.
Vehicle features an in-built anti-infantry capability for local defense of the vehicle or general troop suppression.

19.8 ft
6.05 m
10.7 ft
3.27 m
8.5 ft
2.6 m
92,043 lb
41,750 kg
46.0 tons
(Showcased structural values pertain to the Type 59G production variant. Length typically includes main gun in forward position if applicable to the design)
Powerplant: 1 x Diesel-fueled turbocharged engine developing 730 horsepower driving conventional track-and-wheel arrangement.
31.1 mph
(50.0 kph)
279.6 mi
(450.0 km)
(Showcased performance specifications pertain to the Type 59G production variant. Compare this entry against any other in our database)
1 x 125mm smoothbore main gun in turret front face (ATGM-capable).
1 x 7.62mm Type 86 co-axial anti-infantry Medium Machine Gun in (MMG) turret front-face.
1 x 12.7mm W85 Anti-Aircraft (AA) Heavy Machine Gun (HMG) at commander's cupola.
2 x 6 Smoke Grenade Dischargers.

Supported Types

Graphical image of a tank cannon armament
Graphical image of a tank anti-tank guided missile
Graphical image of a tank medium machine gun
Graphical image of a tank heavy machine gun
Graphical image of tank /armored vehicle smoke grenade dischargers

(Not all weapon types may be represented in the showcase above)
28 x 125mm projectiles.
2,000 x 7.62mm ammunition (estimated).
550 x 12.7mm ammunition (estimated).
12 x Smoke Grenades.

Type 59 (Durjoy) - Base Series Designation.

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Images Gallery

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Image of the Type 59G (Durjoy)
Photograph by Shadman Samee via Wikipedia.

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