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Stridsvagn 122 (Strv 122)

Main Battle Tank (MBT)

Sweden | 1998

"The Strv 122 is nothing more than the German Leopard 2A5 highly customized for Swedish Army needs."

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 02/24/2020 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
The Stridsvagn 122 (or Strv 122) is the Swedish designation for German Leopard 2A5 series main battle tanks in Swedish Army service. Major differences between the Strv 122 it and its German counterpart are improvements to the armor protection system and the fire control system (FCS). The frontal armor of both the turret and hull have been addressed (an increase of some 3 tons) to provide for better point ballistics defense while the revised FCS adds to greater accuracy when firing on-the-move. The turret roof armor is also better protected. French-designed smoke grenade dispensers (two banks of eight each) have also been added to the turret sides while Swedish radio equipment, a Raman shifted Nd-YAG laser range-finder and a modular Tank Command and Control System (TCCS) has been integrated. The Leopard 2 itself first entered frontline service in 1979, eventually producing a plethora of notable variants (2, 2A1, 2A2, 2A3, 2A4, 2A5, 2A6, 2A7+) and specialized battlefield vehicles all based on the proven and successful Leopard 2 chassis.

The Swedish government undertook a program to upgrade their armored forces with the introduction of a new main battle tank of foreign origin as a budget-conscious initiative. The systems trialled were the American M1 Abrams, the French LeClerc and the German Leopard 2A5 - which became known as the Leopard 2(S) or "Improved S" with the aforementioned additions in place. After strenuous testing, the Swedes selected the German Leopard 2 as the winner - the tank showcasing the needed battlefield capabilities required by the Swedish Army while coming in at cost when compared to the other participants.

The Leopard 2A5 became a notable addition to the Leopard 2 production line in that it was the first variant to showcase the revised, well-sloped frontal turret facings that housed "spaced" armor intended to counter hollow charge projectiles. The turret was now fully-powered under electrical control while overall weight was lightened. German Army forces were the first to receive the revised Leopard 2A5 in 1998, eventually opening up its procurement to like-minded nations within time. The Swedish purchase of the Leopard 2A5 produced the local designation of "Strv 122" and this version retained much of the appearance and capabilities of the German model - including its twin-turbo diesel engine (MTU MB-873 Ka-501 12-cylinder liquid-cooled engine of 1,500 horsepower), 120mm smoothbore L55 main gun, torsion-bar suspension system, low-profile design and seven double-tired road wheels. The vehicle is crewed by four personnel made up of the driver, tank commander, gunner and loader.

The Stridsvagn 122 has been evolved into the "Strv 122B" variant which sports modular armor to combat the relatively newer battlefield threats showcased in the Afghanistan and Iraq Theaters. These threats included large-scale exposure to Improvised Explosive Devices (IED) of all types as well as the famed Soviet-era Rocket-Propelled Grenades (RPGs) used to a high degree by insurgents and Taliban forces. Despite the addition of more armor in the Strv 122B model, the overall operating weight has proven negligible for Swedish Army battlefield requirements.

Prior to the Strv 122, the Swedish Army operated the Leopard 2A4 production mark in number, these as the "Strv 121". The Strv 122 formally replaced these Strv 121 marks and approximately 120 Strv 122s went on to see service beginning in 1997. The initial 20 systems were produced in Germany with the remaining batches produced locally under license in Sweden by Bofors Defense / Alvis Hagglunds. Deliveries of all Strv 122s to the Swedish Army completed in 2002.

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Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one land system design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the Stridsvagn 122 (Strv 122) Main Battle Tank (MBT).
1 x MTU MB-873 Ka-501 12-cylinder liguid-cooled, diesel-fueled engine developing 1,500 horsepower at 2,600rpm driving conventional track-and-wheel arrangement.
Installed Power
45 mph
72 kph
Road Speed
292 miles
470 km
The physical qualities of the Stridsvagn 122 (Strv 122) Main Battle Tank (MBT).
32.7 ft
9.97 meters
O/A Length
12.5 ft
3.81 meters
O/A Width
8.7 ft
2.64 meters
O/A Height
136,687 lb
62,000 kg | 68.3 tons
Armament & Ammunition
Available supported armament, ammunition, and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the Stridsvagn 122 (Strv 122) Main Battle Tank (MBT).
1 x 120mm smoothbore main gun in turret.
1 x 7.62mm co-axial machine gun in turret.
1 x 7.62mm Anti-Aircraft (AA) machine gun on turret roof.
16 x Smoke Grenade Dischargers on turret.
42 x 120mm projectiles.
4,750 x 7.62mm ammunition.
16 x smoke grenades.
Nightvision - YES.
Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear Protection (CBRN) - YES.
Notable series variants as part of the Stridsvagn 122 (Strv 122) family line.
Strv 122 - Base Series Designation; based on the German Leopard 2A5 as the Leopard 2(S) Improved model.
Strv 122B - Modular Armor
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the Stridsvagn 122 (Strv 122). Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national land systems listing.

Total Production: 120 Units

Contractor(s): Bofors Defense / Alvis Hagglunds - Sweden
National flag of Sweden

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Image of the Stridsvagn 122 (Strv 122)
Image from user via email.

Design Qualities
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to battlefield requirements.
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
The Stridsvagn 122 (Strv 122) Main Battle Tank (MBT) appears in the following collections:
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