Shotguns - Combat, Security and Sport Types
The Shotgun remains the world's ultimate 'lock-pick' and defender - close-quarters resolution at its finest.The shotgun has evolved across many levels since its inception - military, security, law enforcement, crowd/riot control, target shooting, game shooting. Generally speaking, there are three major categories concerning shotgun types - 'pump-action', 'break-action', and 'autoloading'. Pump-action types rely on manual actuation of a pumping-slide facility to fill/clear the chamber. Break-actions 'break' open to expose the breech for reloading and are further divided into single-shot, dual-shot over-and-under and dual-shot side-by-side. Autoloaders, as their name implies, are designed around a self-loading action which handles loading the chamber as well as shell ejection automatically. These are sometimes mistakenly considered automatic weapons but are, by their very action, nothing more than semi-automatic firearms.
Shotgun calibers are noted through 'gauges', a term used to identify the inside diameter of the barrel. The term is based on the number of lead balls (these being the same diameter as the gun's bore size) required to equal one pound. The most popular gauge is the 12-gauge which indicates twelve lead balls to equal a pound. Similarly, 28-gauge indicates twenty-eight lead balls to equal a pound. Contrary to caliber sizes used in other firearms and artillery systems, the lower the gauge value of a shotgun, the larger the bore. Thusly, a 28-gauge shotgun sports a barrel much smaller than that of a 10-gauge with the most common gauges bring 10-, 12-, 16- 20- and 28-gauge. '.410' is another gauge value though simply identified by its bore size, much smaller than the preceding 28-gauge. Smaller gauge shotguns are generally suitable for firing by smaller-framed adults and youth.
There are a total of 47 Shotguns - Combat, Security and Sport Types in the Military Factory. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order (1-to-Z). Flag images indicative of country of origin and not necessarily the primary operator.
The AAI CAWS shotgun system was developed by AAI Corporation for the United States Navy as a close-quarters, anti-personnel solution.
The Turkish Akdal MKA 1919 is a heavily modified M16 Assault Rifle for the semi-automatic combat shotgun role.
The semi-automatic Striker design originated with Hilton Walker in the early 1980s and went on to see use with the South African Police and as well as military.
The Benelli M1 shotgun has proven exceedingly popular with law enforcement groups, military elements and civilian users.
The Benelli M3 Super 90 has a patented dual-service system allowing for manual pump-action or semi-automatic functionality.
The Benelli M4 is known for its rugged durability and reliability, leading to an ease in maintenance requirements.
The RS-200 and RS-202 series of shotguns comes in flavors to suit the civilian, security and military markets alike.
The Bernardelli B4 offered up semi-automatic or pump-action fire from a detachable 12-gauge box magazine.
From the 17th to the 19th centuries, the Blunderbuss proved a popular weapon for its intimidating appearance and man-stopping capability.
The Browning Auto-5 self-loading shotgun was in constant production for nearly 100 years since it arrived in 1902.
The law-enforcement-minded Fabrique Nationale FN SLP offers improved recoil and a gas-driven self-loading action.
The FN TPS is a no-frills law enforcement-minded pump-action shotgun capable of handling various shell types.
The Fostech Arms Origin-12 is another take on the semi-automatic tactical shotgun concept - firing from a box or drum magazine supply.
The Italian Franchi Model PA series of shotguns arrived in two distinct tactical forms.
The Franchi SPAS-12 combat shotgun featured a semi-automatic fire mode as well as manual pump-action sldie.
The Franchi SPAS-15 was developed to replace the earlier SPAS-12 combat shotgun.
Introduced in 1998, the Heckler and Koch FABARM FP6 is the result of an Italian and German partnership.
Though the CAWS program was ultimately cancelled, the HK-Winchester submission proved an interesting concept for an automatic shotgun.
The Ithaca Model 37 pump-action shotgun is still in service after nearly a century.
The Ithaca Model 37 Stakeout is the police version of the civilian Model 37.
The Saiga-12 is a semi-automatic combat shotgun patterned after the successful AK-47 assault rifle series.
The Russian Saiga-410 semi-automatic shotgun comes in five major production forms, each differentiated by their barrel lengths and a few other notable features.
The Kel-Tec KSG pump-action shotgun utilizes two tube magazines to provide for thirteen total shots when chambered.
The KAC Masterkey was developed to broaden the tactical reach of the special forces operative, giving him a compact and effective door-breaching tool.
Though more akin to a combat shotgun by Western standards, the Soviets classified their KS-23 series as a carbine.
The M26 MASS is currently under active assessment with elements of the American military.
Introduced in 2003, the Molot Vepr-12 is a Russian-originated semi-automatic shotgun available in four major variants.
The Mossberg Model 590 is a militarized/law enforcement version of the popular Mossberg Model 500 hunting shotgun.
The MPS AA-12 combat shotgun can fire from a 10-round box or 20- and 32-round ammunition drums.
The action of the NeoStead is noteworthy, for the operator pushes the pump-action slide forwards instead of rearwards.
The HP9-1 is a short-form, tactically-minded pump-action shot gun developed by NORINCO of China.
At least three working Pancor Jackhammer shotgun prototypes were known to exist yet the system failed to find any takers.
The Remington Model 10 appeared in both World War 1 and World War 2 with American military forces.
Unable to secure a new arrangement with Winchester Arms, John Browning brought his Auto-5 self-loading shotgun to competitor Remington which produced it as the Model 11.
The Remington Model 1100 series shotguns have proven exceedingly popular for gaming and target shooting since its introduction in 1963.
The well-appreciated Remington M870 pump-action shotgun has seen consistent military service since 1950.
The Remington M870 Wingmaster became a popular offshoot of the hugely successful Remington M870 series line.
The Savage M720 semi-automatic auto-loading shotgun was no doubt inspired by previous John Browning designs.
The SRM Arms Model 1216 shotgun makes use of a four-tube arrangement, allowing operators to carry four ammunition types at once.
The Stevens M520 was yet another design in the storied career of American gunsmith John Browning.
The Stevens M620 was an improved version of the original John Browning-designed Stevens M520 series.
The UTAS UTS-15 is a new, all-modern approach to the tried-and-proven pump-action shotgun stemming from Turkey.
The Winchester 1200 was used for only a short time by the United States military in Vietnam.
The Winchester Defender appeared in 1978 and quickly became a well-respected weapon by military, security, game and sport users alike.
The Winchester Model 1897 pump-action slide shotgun was a further refinement of the John Browning-designed Winchester Model 1893 slide-action series.
The Winchester Model 1912 pump-action shotgun saw use throughout two World Wars, the Korean War and the Vietnam War in US military service.