Aircraft / Aviation Vehicles & Artillery Infantry Arms Warships & Submarines Military Ranks Military Pay Chart (2024)

Infantry Small Arms / The Warfighter

Benelli M1 Super 90

Pump-Action Slide Shotgun [ 1994 ]

The Benelli M1 shotgun has proven exceedingly popular with law enforcement groups, military elements and civilian users.

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 05/03/2019 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.

Benelli Armi S.p.A. of Italy, founded by Giovanni Benelli, began design, development and production of firearms in 1967 out of its headquarters in Urbino, Italy. Originally associated with production of motorcycles since 1911, the concern went on to become one of the most recognized foremost manufacturers of military and law enforcement shotguns anywhere in the world. Key to the success of Benelli shotguns was the in-house inertia-driven recoil system developed by engineer Bruno Civolani. In 2000, the firm was purchased by Italian competitor Beretta, itself founded in 1526, though the Benelli name was allowed to live on in new products such as the "Benelli M1 Super 90" shotgun.

The Benelli M1 Super 90 was developed as a multi-purpose system intended for market to military, law enforcement and security groups as well as targeting the lucrative civilian market. The end-product became a conventional semi-automatic shotgun system available in 12- or 20-gauge forms and further available in 14", 18.5" and 20" barrel lengths. Various models were developed to corner the various facets of every market and this led to variable weights, lengths and magazine counts resulting. Base models were completed with aluminum alloy receivers and a typical over/under- barrel/magazine arrangement. Receivers were largely featureless save for the large ejection port along the right side. A charging handle was affixed to this same area. Loading was through a gate under the receiver, feeding directly into the tubular magazine partially covered by a forend shroud. The M1 Super 90 was further offered with a full stock and integral pistol grip or a full stock with standalone pistol grip. Iron sights were generally used though mounts could be added for using various optics, aimers and accessories as needed. As the M1 Super 90 was based on the proprietary inertia recoil system, it was suggested for using heavier loads for the cycle operation for a more reliable result. This was perhaps one of the few drawbacks of the system.

The M1 Super 90 went on to find considerable success in law enforcement circles where it could be used to quell riots through non-lethal ammunition and teargas, breach doorways and neutralize adversaries at close ranges. Additionally, when pressed as such, the shotgun could be wielded as a viable blunt instrument. The M1 Super 90 proved reliable and maintenance-friendly while procurement costs were in line with budgetary constraints when compared to automatic weapons. Beyond these benefits, the shotgun has also proven a decisive psychological factor to all those unfortunate enough to face it. It was these qualities that pushed the M1 to find military suitors as well which, invariably, led to its popularity in the civilian market as well.

The M1 Super 90 was initially released in the following forms: the M1 Super 90 Slug Gun with 18.5" barrel, 5-shot magazine and stock with integral grip, the similar M1 Super 90 Defense though with full stock and standalone pistol grip, the M1 Super 90 Slug Gun with 18.5" barrel, 5-shot magazine and ghost rings, the special license M1 Super 90 Entry Gun with 14" barrel, 5-shot magazine, full stock and standalone grip.

As with other foreign firearm lines attempting sale in the United States, Benelli has worked through the well-established German concern of Heckler & Koch to bring the Benelli M1 Super 90 to the American market. The Benelli M1 Super 90 has since been followed into market by the M2 Super 90, M3 Super 90 and the M4 Super 90 - the latter which has been adopted by the US military as the "M1014 Joint Service Combat Shotgun".©MilitaryFactory.com
Note: The above text is EXCLUSIVE to the site www.MilitaryFactory.com. It is the product of many hours of research and work made possible with the help of contributors, veterans, insiders, and topic specialists. If you happen upon this text anywhere else on the internet or in print, please let us know at MilitaryFactory AT gmail DOT com so that we may take appropriate action against the offender / offending site and continue to protect this original work.


Service Year

Italy national flag graphic


Pump-Action Slide Shotgun

Benelli Armi S.p.A. - Italy
(View other Arms-Related Manufacturers)
National flag of Italy National flag of the United States Italy; United States
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Close Support
Extreme close quarters use; trench-clearing; doorbuster; security.

Overall Length
1,009 mm
39.72 in
Barrel Length
470 mm
18.50 in
Empty Wgt
7.05 lb
3.20 kg

Standard Iron; Optional Optics.


Semi-Automatic; Inertia-Operated

One shot per trigger pull; self-loading or auto-loading action aided by internal mechanism; trigger management (and initial cocking) typically required by the operator; subsequent shots are aided by the unlocked / moving bolt.
(Material presented above is for historical and entertainment value and should not be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation - always consult official manufacturer sources for such information)


12- or 20-gauge

Rounds / Feed

5-shot tubular magazine
Cartridge relative size chart
*May not represent an exhuastive list; calibers are model-specific dependent, always consult official manufacturer sources.
**Graphics not to actual size; not all cartridges may be represented visually; graphics intended for general reference only.
M1 Super 90 - Base Series Designation
M1 Super 90 "Slug Gun" - 18.5" barrel; 5-shot magazine; stock with integrated grip; optional ghost ring sight variant.
M1 Super 90 "Defense" - 18.5" barrel; 5-shot magazine; full stock with standalone pistol grip.
M1 Super 90 "Entry Gun" - 14" barrel; 5-shot magazine; full stock with standalone pistol grip; special license required for its use.

Military lapel ribbon for the American Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Ukranian-Russian War
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2

Ribbon graphics not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns / operations.

Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies

2024 Military Pay Chart Military Ranks DoD Dictionary Conversion Calculators Military Alphabet Code Military Map Symbols

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com. No A.I. was used in the generation of this content; site is 100% curated by humans.

Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world, WDMMA.org (World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft), WDMMW.org (World Directory of Modern Military Warships), SR71blackbird.org, detailing the history of the world's most iconic spyplane, and MilitaryRibbons.info, cataloguing military medals and ribbons. Special Interest: RailRoad Junction, the locomotive encyclopedia.

©2023 www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-2023 (20yrs)