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Winchester Model 1200

Pump-Action Slide Shotgun

United States | 1968

"The Winchester 1200 was used for only a short time by the United States military in Vietnam."

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 08/31/2023 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
The Model 1200 was a capable pump-action, full-size shotgun developed for a variety of markets including civilian, sporting and military. The firearm was developed by through the fabled Winchester concern by engineer T.C. Johnson in 1964. Production then began in 1965 and the United States military became a notable operator of the shotgun from 1968 to 1969 - in time for the weapon to see combat actions in the Vietnam War. At close ranges, shotguns such as the Winchester Model 1200 could be called upon to deliver a devastating salvo of pure firepower suitable for taking down game, dislodging doors or - in the case of military usage - neutralizing enemies (a bayonet fitting is optional). Additionally, such a system could prove useful in crowd control when combined with "non-lethal" rounds. At any rate, the Model 1200 (and the related Model 1300) proved to be an effective and robust shotgun design that went on to find a home through a number of uses.

Externally, the Winchester Model 1200 was a conventional shotgun design featuring a wooden, fixed shoulder stock, under-barrel pump-action slide, multi-shot tubular magazine and full-length barrel. The shotgun sported a listed weight of 6.5lbs and available in 12-, 16- and 20-gauges. The standard barrel was 20-inches in length. The system was fed by way of a spring-loaded tubular magazine that could hold multiple shells (between four and seven depending on the model) and actuated by way of a manual pump-action "sliding" system running under the barrel - moved in a front-to-back motion. Shells were loaded into the tubular magazine through a port along the forward underside of the receiver and, after fired, ejected from a right-hand ejection port along the gun body. The trigger was set to the rear of the receiver and protected within an oblong ring. The shoulder stock was contoured to make up both the primary hand grip as well as a shoulder support. The operator's secondary hand was used to support the weapon at the front by utilizing the ribbed pump-action slide as a foregrip. Sighting was accomplished by way of a bead sight located at the muzzle end. The militarized version of the Model 1200 was - for all intents and purposes - a straight copy of the civilian form, differentiated by the inclusion of a perforated hand guard, bayonet fittings and swiveling slings for use of an optional shoulder strap. The Model 1200 was also completed with the "Winchoke" patented quick-change system - the first to be used in any Winchester production shotgun.

The Model 1200 went on to be produced in a variety of models beyond the base Model 1200, this featuring a four-shell tube magazine. The follow-on Model 1200 Defender increased the internal shell capacity to six while the "Ted Williams Model 1200" was nothing more than a Model 1200 brought to the civilian market through the famed Sears, Roebuck and Company department store powerhouse. The "Model 1200 Hunting" featured a 28-inch length barrel with an integrate choke feature as well as a five-shell magazine.

The Model 1200 was updated in 1983 to become the "Model 1300" which, itself, was produced in a few varied forms under the brand name label of US Repeating Arms Company, a firm founded by former Winchester employees. Leading the way was the base five-shell Model 1300 followed by the seven-shot Model 1300 Defender. The Model 1300 Marine sported electroless nickel-plated barrel and magazine tube assemblies. Production of all Model 1300s ended in 2006 with the bankruptcy filing of the US Repeating Arms Company.

The Model 2200 existed as a Model 1200 with a full stock and marketed in Canada. The Model 120 "Plain Jane" was completed with a birch buttstock and featured a fixed choke system, ultimately marketed throughout various large-scale general department stores.

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The physical qualities of the Winchester Model 1200. Information presented is strictly for general reference and should not be misconstrued as useful for hardware restoration or operation.
6.39 lb
2.90 kg
Manual Pump-Action Slide System
12-gauge; 16-gauge; 20-gauge
4-, 5-, 6- or 7- shot capacity
Bead Sight Front.
Notable series variants as part of the Winchester Model 1200 Pump-Action Slide Shotgun family line.
Model 1200 - Base Series Designation; four-shell magazine capacity.
Model 1200 Defender - Six-Shell Magazine Capacity.
Ted Williams Model 1200 - Model 1200 distributed by Sears, Roebuck and Co.
Model 1200 Hunting - Five-shell magazine; 28-inch barrel; integrated choke system.
Model 1300 - Modernized Model 1200; appearing in 1983; produced by US Repeating Arms Company.
Model 1300 Defender - Seven-shell magazine
Model 1300 Marine - Nickel-plated barrel and magazine assemblies.
Model 2200 - Canadian market base Model 1200 with full stock and full barrel.
Model 120 "Plain Jane" - Civilian department store model; completed with birch stock; fixed choke system.
Model 12 "Ranger" - Youth-oriented version of the Model 120.
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the Winchester Model 1200. Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national small arms listing.

Contractor(s): Winchester Repeating Arms Company; US Repeating Arms Company - USA
National flag of Argentina National flag of Australia National flag of Bangladesh National flag of Canada National flag of Czechia National flag of Egypt National flag of France National flag of Hungary National flag of India National flag of Indonesia National flag of Iraq National flag of modern Japan National flag of Jordan National flag of Kazakhstan National flag of Libya National flag of Mexico National flag of Mongolia National flag of Myanmar National flag of New Zealand National flag of Peru National flag of Qatar National flag of Russia National flag of South Korea National flag of Thailand National flag of the United States National flag of Vietnam

[ Argentina; Australia; Bangladesh; Cambodia; Canada; Czech Republic; Egypt; France; Hungary; India; Indonesia; Iraq; Japan; Jordan; Kazakhstan; Laos; Libya; Malta; Mexico; Mongolia; Myanmar; Nepal; New Zealand; Peru; Qatar; Russia; South Korea; Thailand; United States; Vietnam ]
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Image of the Winchester Model 1200

Design Qualities
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to requirements.
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
The Winchester Model 1200 Pump-Action Slide Shotgun appears in the following collections:
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