Military Factory logo

Dassault Super Mystere

France (1957)
Picture of Dassault Super Mystere Single-Seat, Single-Engine Jet-Powered Fighter / Fighter-Bomber Aircraft
Picture of Dassault Super Mystere Single-Seat, Single-Engine Jet-Powered Fighter / Fighter-Bomber Aircraft Picture of Dassault Super Mystere Single-Seat, Single-Engine Jet-Powered Fighter / Fighter-Bomber Aircraft
+ Images
This entry's gallery contains additional pictures. Click to View.

The Super Mystere was the ultimate form of the line of swept-back jet fighters begun with the original Mystere aircraft of 1954.


Detailing the development and operational history of the Dassault Super Mystere Single-Seat, Single-Engine Jet-Powered Fighter / Fighter-Bomber Aircraft.  Entry last updated on 11/16/2017. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com

The Dassault "Super Mystere" became the ultimate form of the line of single-seat, swept-wing, jet-powered fighter-bombers of French origin and the first Western European fighter to exceed Mach 1.0 in level flight. The Super Mystere was an extension of the earlier Mystere IV (detailed elsewhere on this site) which was, itself, a further evolution of the Mystere models and the Dassault Ouragan ("Hurricane") even before it. The new aircraft did not see the production success of the Dassault Mystere IV series but was a long-time performer for the French Air Force and saw service with both Israel and Honduras at later dates.

Engineers took this time to enact several additional changes to their fighter design by giving the Super Mystere greater wing sweep (45-degrees) for high-speed flight envelopes. The mainplanes were also of reduced chord which, in turn, reduced frontal drag and aided aerodynamics. The engine of choice became the locally-produced SNECMA Atar 101G-2 turbojet which offered an afterburning capability for short bursts of speed improvements. This, coupled with the new wings, allowed the fighter to exceed the speed of sound in level flight unlike earlier Mysteres which required a dive to achieve the same feat.

The Super Mystere appeared in the B.1 (SMB.2) prototype form and flew for the first time on March 2nd, 1955. Following testing done through five pre-production aircraft (the first flying on February 26th, 1957), the product was in service as soon as 1957 and these forms were given the SNECMA Atar 101G series turbojet engine. From the period of 1956 to 1959 some 180 Super Mysteres were built.

The production model had a crew of one seated aft of the nose-mounted intake and under a lightly-framed canopy. It held an overall length of 46.3 feet with a wingspan reaching 34.5 feet and a height of 15 feet. Empty weight was 14,100lb with a Maximum Take-Off Weight (MTOW) of 22,000lb. The SNECMA Atar 101G-2 offered 7,500lb of dry thrust output and up to 9,920lb of thrust with afterburning engaged (that is, raw fuel pumped into the jet pipe for quick bursts of speed).

Performance included a maximum speed of 745 miles per hour (about Mach 1.12) and a combat range out to 540 miles (ferry range being 730 miles). Its service ceiling reached 56,000 feet and rate-of-climb was an impressive 18,000 feet-per-minute.


Picture of the Dassault Super Mystere Single-Seat, Single-Engine Jet-Powered Fighter / Fighter-Bomber Aircraft
Picture of the Dassault Super Mystere Single-Seat, Single-Engine Jet-Powered Fighter / Fighter-Bomber Aircraft


Aboard were 2 x 30mm DEFA 552 autocannons with 150 projectiles afford per gun. The aircraft could carry 2 x Matra rocket pods with 18 x SNEB 68mm rockets each. Early airframes housed a 35-count 68mm retractable ventral rocket pack but this was soon dropped from production. Provision also included support for air-to-air missiles (including the American "AIM-9 Sidewinder"). There were four hardpoints in all and these were cleared to carry conventional drop bombs, rockets, mission pods and fuel drop tanks (up to 5,000lb).

Contemporaries of the Super Mystere included the North American F-100 "Super Sabre" and the Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-19 "Farmer" jet fighters (both detailed elsewhere on this site).

The French Air Force made use of the Super Mystere for two decades, finally giving them up in 1977. Some of the stock was then sold to Israel who took delivery of thirty-six in 1958 and these saw combat in the 1967 "Six Day War" as well as the subsequent "Yom Kippur War" of 1973 where they gave good service - even against enemy MiG-19 fighters. In true Israeli fashion, some of the fleet were re-engined with the American Pratt & Whitney J52-P-8A turbojet engines of 9,300lb thrust that helped to alter performance some. These flew under the designation of IAI Sa'ar.

At least twelve of the Israeli stock was sold, in turn, to the Honduras Air Force in 1976 where they ended their days. A follow-up batch secured an additional four fighter-bombers in 1979 and the fleet was used in anger during the border campaign with neighboring Nicaragua. The group soldiered on into the early-to-mid-1990s by which point the Honduran Air Force upgraded to the American Northrop F-5 Tiger / Freedom Fighter line.

At least two Super Mysteres were completed by Dassault under the B.4 designation in, or around, 1958 and these were given the SNECMA Atar 9B afterburning turbojet engine of 13,227lb thrust coupled to revised wing mainplanes featuring 48-degree sweepback. No series adoption or serial production came from this work for the Dassault Mirage III was taking hold in Dassault Aviation marketing.






Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 750mph
Lo: 375mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (743mph).

    Graph average of 562.5 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the Dassault Super Mystere B.2's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
180
180


  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
Small airplane graphic
  Compare this entry against other aircraft using our Comparison Tool  
National Flag Graphic
Origin: France
Year: 1957
Type: Single-Seat, Single-Engine Jet-Powered Fighter / Fighter-Bomber Aircraft
Manufacturer(s): Dassault Aviation - France / Israel Aircraft Industries (IAI) - Israel
Production: 180
Status: Retired, Out-of-Service
Global Operators:
France; Honduras; Israel
Historical Commitments / Honors:

Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.
Measurements and Weights icon
Structural - Crew, Dimensions, and Weights:
Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Dassault Super Mystere B.2 model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.

Operational
CREW


Personnel
1


Dimension
LENGTH


Feet
36.58 ft


Meters
11.15 m


Dimension
WIDTH


Feet
34.45 ft


Meters
10.5 m


Dimension
HEIGHT


Feet
15.09 ft


Meters
4.6 m


Weight
EMPTY


Pounds
14,110 lb


Kilograms
6,400 kg


Weight
LOADED


Pounds
22,046 lb


Kilograms
10,000 kg

Engine icon
Installed Power - Standard Day Performance:
1 x SNECMA Atar 101G-2 turbojet engine developing 7,500lb of dry thrust and 9,920lb of thrust with afterburner.

Performance
SPEED


Miles-per-Hour
743 mph


Kilometers-per-Hour
1,195 kph


Knots
645 kts


Performance
RANGE


Miles
730 mi


Kilometers
1,175 km


Nautical Miles
634 nm


Performance
CEILING


Feet
55,774 ft


Meters
17,000 m


Miles
10.56 mi


Performance
CLIMB RATE


Feet-per-Minute
18,000 ft/min


Meters-per-Minute
5,486 m/min

Supported Weapon Systems:

Graphical image of an air-to-air missile weapon
Graphical image of a short-range air-to-air missile
Graphical image of an aircrat automatic cannon
Graphical image of aircraft aerial rockets
Graphical image of an aircraft rocket pod
Graphical image of an aircraft conventional drop bomb munition
Graphical image of an aircraft external fuel tank
Armament - Hardpoints (4):

2 x 30mm DEFA 552 autocannons under the nose.

OPTIONAL:
2 x Matra 18-shot 68mm SNEB rocket pods.
2 x Rafael Shafrir air-to-air missiles OR 2 x AS-30L air-to-air missiles.

up to 5,000lb of stores across four external hardpoints. Includes drop bombs as well as individual rockets or mission pods / fuel drop tanks.
Variants: Series Model Variants
• Super Mystere - Base Series Name
• Super Mystere B.2 - Base series designation; 45-degree mainplane sweepback; Atar 101G turbojet engine.
• Super Mystere SMB-2 - Alternative designation for B.2
• Super Mystere B.4 - Advanced form with 48-degree mainplane sweepback and Atar 9B turbojet engine; two prototypes completed in 1958.
• IAI Sa'ar - Israeli Air Force forms re-engined with PW J52-P8-A turbojet engine; work by IAI.