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Lockheed T-33 Shooting Star

Jet-Powered Trainer Aircraft

Lockheed T-33 Shooting Star

Jet-Powered Trainer Aircraft

OVERVIEW
SPECIFICATIONS
ARMAMENT
VARIANTS
HISTORY
MEDIA
OVERVIEW



The successful Lockheed T-33 jet-powered trainer was based on a lengthened Lockheed F-80 Shooting Star fighter with a second cockpit added.
National Flag Graphic
ORIGIN: United States
YEAR: 1948
MANUFACTURER(S): Lockheed - USA
PRODUCTION: 6,557
OPERATORS: Belgium; Bolivia; Brazil; Burma; Canada; Chile; Colombia; Cuba; Denmark; Dominican Republic; Ecuador; El Salvador; France; Germany; Greece; Guatemala; Indonesia; Iran; Italy; Japan; Libya; Mexico; Netherlands; Nicaragua; Norway; Pakistan; Paraguay; Peru; Philippines; Portugal; Saudia Arabia; Singapore; South Korea; Spain; Taiwan; Thailand; Turkey; United States; Uruguay; Yugoslavia
SPECIFICATIONS



Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Lockheed T-33A Shooting Star model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.
CREW: 2
LENGTH: 36.75 feet (11.2 meters)
WIDTH: 37.73 feet (11.5 meters)
HEIGHT: 10.83 feet (3.3 meters)
WEIGHT (EMPTY): 8,322 pounds (3,775 kilograms)
WEIGHT (MTOW): 15,135 pounds (6,865 kilograms)
ENGINE: 1 x Allison J33-A-35 turbojet engine developing 5,400 lb thrust.
SPEED (MAX): 603 miles-per-hour (970 kilometers-per-hour; 524 knots)
RANGE: 1,274 miles (2,050 kilometers; 1,107 nautical miles)
CEILING: 47,900 feet (14,600 meters; 9.07 miles)




ARMAMENT



AT-33:
2 x 12.7mm Browning M3 heavy machine guns in nose.

AT-33:
2 x Bombs OR 2 x Rocket Pods underwing

Up to 2,000lbs of external stores across two underwing hardpoints.
VARIANTS



Series Model Variants
• TP-80C - Initial Prototype Designation
• TF-80C - Redesignated of TP-80C
• T-33A - Base Two-Seat Trainer Designation developed from the P-80/F-80 fighter.
• AT-33A - Two-Seat Attack Version based on the T-33A.
• DR-33A - Drone Director Conversions of T-33A
• NT-33A -Test Aircraft based on the T-33A
• QT-33A - Target Drone Conversions of T-33A
• RT-33A - Two-Seat Reconnaissance Model
• TO-1/TV-1 - US Navy Designation of P-80C fighter models used solely for jet training.
• TO-2 - US Navy Designation of two-seat land-based jet trainers. Redesignated to TV-2.
• TV-2 - US Navy Designation of TO-2.
• TV-2KD - TV-2 Drone Director Conversion Models
• T-33B - Redesignation of TV-2
• DT-33B - Redesignation of TV-2KD
• CT-133 "Silver Star" - Canadian Designation


HISTORY



Detailing the development and operational history of the Lockheed T-33 Shooting Star Jet-Powered Trainer Aircraft.  Entry last updated on 6/19/2017. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
During World War 2, all major participants were evolving their jet programs to gain an advantage in the ongoing effort. The most significant work undoubtedly came from the Germans who unveiled their famous Messerschmitt Me 262 fighter in April of 1944 while the British added their Gloster Meteors in July of 1944. The Americans ultimately produced their first operational jet-powered fighter with the arrival of the Bell P-59 Airacobra and this entered service with the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) however the design was never a truly satisfactory fighter - ultimately leaving the USAAF to curtail their initial order to 66 aircraft.

Lockheed began work on a jet-powered, straight-wing fighter development of their own which went on to achieve first flight on January 8th, 1944. This became the P-80 "Shooting Star" and was the first American jet fighter to reach quantitative squadron-level numbers with some 1,700 ultimately produced and seeing export to South America. Though the type arrived too late to see combat service in World War 2, it was a successful venture that went on to see considerable action in the Korean War - the war marking the first jet-versus-jet fighter duels in history.




Lockheed T-33 Shooting Star (Cont'd)

Jet-Powered Trainer Aircraft

Lockheed T-33 Shooting Star (Cont'd)

Jet-Powered Trainer Aircraft



Prior to the Korean conflict, the USAAF was looking into procuring a jet-powered trainer for which to train its veteran pilots - pilots that had learned to fly and fight from the cockpits of their piston-powered fighters in years prior. With other jet-powered aircraft seeing adoption into service and ever-more capable mounts on the horizon, the need to bring pilots up-to-speed on the new technology (as well as new tactics) was apparent. Lockheed took to modifying their existing - and proven - P-80 design to which the prototype became the "TP-80C". In 1948, US air power was formally separated from the Army and produced the United States Air Force (USAF) of today. As such, the USAF dropped use of the "P" for "Pursuit" designation in favor of "F" for "Fighter". The P-80 therefore became the "F-80" and this led to the TP-80C becoming the "TF-80C".

The TF-80C was more or less the same production F-80 save for a lengthened fuselage to accommodate the second cockpit for the instructor. The two-man crew would sit in tandem within a pressurized cockpit under a single-piece canopy with some three-feet of length added to the aircraft. The cockpits featured dual controls for obvious reasons with the student to be seated in the front. First fight occurred on March 22nd, 1948 to which the USAAF liked what it had and contracted Lockheed to produce the type in number. Production would span from 1948 to 1959 and these aircraft were formally designated as "T-33A Shooting Star" - showcasing it as an all-new aircraft as opposed to a variant of the F-80 proper.

As can be expected, the T-33 trainer followed the smooth design lines of the original P-80/F-80 Shooting Star. The design was characterized by its slender fuselage assembly with its extended nose cone. The two-seat cockpit was situated aft of the nose and ahead of amidships with generally good views all around, particularly from the forward cockpit. To either side of the cockpit itself were the "C" shaped intakes intended to aspirate the single engine installation. The wings were low-mounted assemblies and straight in their general design with slight dihedral. Integrated wingtip fuel tanks were fitted as standard for improved ranges (early turbojet engines were not wholly efficient and rather thirty beasts). The empennage was conventional with its single, curved tail fin and applicable horizontal tailplanes. The undercarriage consisted of a traditional tricycle arrangement that included a single-wheeled nose landing gear and a pair of single-wheeled main landing gear legs, all retractable. Power stemmed from the fitting of 1 x Allison J33-A-35 turbojet engine delivering 5,400lbs of thrust. This allowed for a maximum speed of 600 miles per hour with a range out to 1,275 miles and a service ceiling of 48,000 feet.

Once in service, the T-33 gave an excellent account of itself, proving the original fighter design very accommodating for jet fighter training. The aircraft served primarily with the United States Air Force (born of the USAAF) with a slightly modified version (beginning life as the "L-245") being delivered in limited quantities to the United States Navy as the "T2V-1/T-1A SeaStar" for training on aircraft carriers. The SeaStar was produced in 150 examples, used for training of naval pilots and officially retired in the 1970s.

Several variants of the T-33 existed: the T-33A was the basic USAF trainer version and the two-seat reconnaissance mount became the RT-33A. There was also a two-seat ground attack form, applicably armed for the role, and known under the designation of AT-33A. This version was completed with 2 x 12.7mm heavy machine guns in the nose and could carry up to 2,000lbs of external stores across two hardpoints (conventional drop bombs or air-to-surface high-explosive rockets). The T-33 was also converted into a drone-directing aircraft as the DT-33A. Official conversion target drone airframes took on the designation of QT-33A. The NT-33A designation was used to identify specialized development aircraft in the series.

The United States Navy managed all-together different designations for their T-33s. They initially operated production P-80Cs as land-based trainers and identified these as TO-1 which later were redesignated to TV-1. These were followed by the TO-2 designation which later became the TV-2. The TV-2 then itself was redesignated to the T-33B after 1962. TV-2KDs were the converted drone-directing aircraft which then became DT-33B after 1962.

Use of the T-33 was not limited to American involvement, however, for the aircraft quickly found a home in the inventories of many US allies of the time - forging its legacy as a true Cold War success story. Hundreds more were produced by several foreign parties under the Military Assistance Program (MAP) during the Cold War - meant to stock US allies with modern weaponry in countering or deterring Soviet advances around the globe. Operators went on to include Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil, Burma, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Cuba, Denmark, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, France, Greece, Guatemala, Honduras, Indonesia, Iran, Italy, Japan, Libya, Mexico, Netherlands, Nicaragua, Norway, Pakistan, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Portugal, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Korea, Spain, Taiwan, Thailand, Turkey, Uruguay, West Germany and Yugoslavia.

Of note here is that Canadair of Canada produced the type under license as the Canadair CT-133 "Silver Star". This version was built to the tune of some 656 aircraft and served with the air forces of Bolivia, Dominican Republic, Canada, France, Greece, Portugal and Turkey appearing in several production marks beginning with the initial Mk 1. The CT-133 was powered by the British Rolls-Royce Nene engine and was not retired Canadian service until 2005. Japan was also granted a license for localized production of theT-33 to which 210 were produced.

The USAF remained the largest operator of the T-33 and most all aircraft of the line (worldwide) have since been retired as of this writing (2012). Some limited numbers may still be in operational service with lesser air forces but the T-33 series has, by and large, been surpassed by more technologically advanced types. Despite that fact, the truth remains that the T-33 family managed a very useful existence into the new millennium despite its World War 2 heritage.

In all, 6,557 T-33 aircraft were produced. In the early 1980s, the Skyfox Corporation began offering a modernized version upgrade kit of the T-33 to be known, appropriately, as the "Skyfox". These would have been powered by a pair of Garrett TFE371-3A turbofan engines (mounted in external fuselage nacelles) and would have introduced a largely reworked fuselage as well as upgrades the various internal systems. Boeing eventually acquired Skyfox in 1986 and offered the package to global parties but to no avail - there seemingly proved little market for the "new" aircraft and only a single prototype was ever completed. This design initiative was formally retired in 1997.




MEDIA









Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 750mph
Lo: 375mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (603mph).

    Graph average of 562.5 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LDN
LDN
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MSK
MSK
 
  TKY
TKY
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the Lockheed T-33A Shooting Star's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
6557
6557

  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
Small airplane graphic
Supported Roles
A2A
Interception
UAV
Ground Attack
CAS
Training
ASW
Anti-Ship
AEW
MEDEVAC
EW
Maritime/Navy
SAR
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
VIP
Passenger
Business
Recon
SPECOPS
X-Plane/Development
A2A=Air-to-Air; UAV=Unmanned; CAS=Close Support; ASW=Anti-Submarine; AEW=Airborne Early Warning; MEDEVAC=Medical Evac; EW=Electronic Warfare; SAR=Search-Rescue
In the Cockpit...
Supported Arsenal
Graphical image of an aircraft medium machine gun
Graphical image of an aircraft heavy machine gun
Graphical image of an aircraft rocket pod
Graphical image of an aircraft conventional drop bomb munition
Commitments / Honors
Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur War
Military lapel ribbon for experimental x-plane aircraft
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.