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Lockheed F-94 Starfire

All-Weather Interceptor Aircraft

Lockheed F-94 Starfire

All-Weather Interceptor Aircraft

OVERVIEW
SPECIFICATIONS
ARMAMENT
VARIANTS
HISTORY
MEDIA
OVERVIEW



The F-94 system was a further development of the T-33 twin-seat trainer aircraft produced by Lockheed.
National Flag Graphic
ORIGIN: United States
YEAR: 1950
MANUFACTURER(S): Lockheed Aircraft Corporation - USA
PRODUCTION: 853
OPERATORS: United States
SPECIFICATIONS



Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Lockheed F-94C Starfire model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.
CREW: 2
LENGTH: 44.49 feet (13.56 meters)
WIDTH: 42.42 feet (12.93 meters)
HEIGHT: 14.93 feet (4.55 meters)
WEIGHT (EMPTY): 12,701 pounds (5,761 kilograms)
WEIGHT (MTOW): 24,200 pounds (10,977 kilograms)
ENGINE: 1 x Pratt & Whitney J48-P-5 turbojet engine generating 8,750lbs of thrust.
SPEED (MAX): 585 miles-per-hour (941 kilometers-per-hour; 508 knots)
RANGE: 1,199 miles (1,930 kilometers; 1,042 nautical miles)
CEILING: 51,394 feet (15,665 meters; 9.73 miles)
RATE-OF-CLIMB: 7,980 feet-per-minute (2,432 meters-per-minute)




ARMAMENT



F-94A:
4 x 12.7mm Browning M3 machine guns in forward fuselage

F-94B:
4 x 12.7mm Browning M3 machine guns in forward fuselage
4 x 12.7mm Browning M3 machine guns in pods underwing (optional)

F-94C:
24 x 2.75-inch Mighty Mouse air-to-air folding-fin aerial rockets underfuselage.
24 x 2.75-inch Mighty Mouse air-to-air folding-fin aerial rockets in wing launchers.
VARIANTS



Series Model Variants
• T-33 - Two-Seat Trainer Model on which the F-94 was based on.
• YF-94 - Initial Prototype Series Model Designation.
• YF-94 - Prototype Model Designation; 2 examples produced.
• F-94A - Initial Production Model; 110 examples produced.
• YF-94B - Single example; wingtip fuel tanks; improved A model.
• F-94B - 357 examples of YF-94B models.
• YF-94C - 2 examples based on YF-94B models; fitted with Pratt & Whitney J48 engines; tail surfaces swept; rockets in leading edge; YF-97A was original designation for this model.
• F-94C "Starfire" - Production model of YF-94C; elongated nose; JATO rockets; 387 examples produced; only aircraft in the series to be initially designated as the "Starfire".
• EF-94C - Proposed Reconnaissance Model
• YF-94D - Proposed single-seat close-support fighter.
• F-94D - Production Model of YF-94D; none produced with order cancellation.
• YF-97A - Original Designation of YF-94C Model.
• F-97A - Original Designation of F-94C Model.


HISTORY



Detailing the development and operational history of the Lockheed F-94 Starfire All-Weather Interceptor Aircraft.  Entry last updated on 6/19/2017. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
The F-94 (nicknamed "Starfire" in the "C" model only) was developed from the successful twin-seat Lockheed trainer aircraft known as the T-33 Shooting Star, which in itself was based on the single-seat P-80 / F-80 Shooting Star. The system was designed to overtake the F-80 in terms of performance, but more so to intercept the new high-level Soviet bombers capable of nuclear attacks on America and her Allies - in particular, the new Tupelov Tu-4. The F-94 was quickly designed as such, to fill this role until more capable aircraft could be studied and developed.

The F-94 shared many visual similarities with the Shooting Star series including the single engine powerplant, twin intakes at the front, wingtip fuel tanks and a low-monoplane straight wing. The system was crewed by two personnel and featured a powerful radar, so prized by bomber command in fact, that flights over enemy territory were restricted for fear that the system would fall into enemy hands.




Lockheed F-94 Starfire (Cont'd)

All-Weather Interceptor Aircraft

Lockheed F-94 Starfire (Cont'd)

All-Weather Interceptor Aircraft



Like the F-80 before it, the F-94 was also one of the earlier jet fighters charged with protecting American airspace from Soviet bomber and fighter incursions. Many F-94 systems were kept on ready alert throughout the early production life of the aircraft for this very reason. The fact that Soviet forces had recently detonated their own nuclear bomb made the situation that much more perilous.

Seeing combat action in the Korean War, the F-94 performed acceptably, though it should be noted that the system did not exceed performance of the existing F-80 Shooting Star fighters in any way - despite its newer design and more powerful engine. By the end of the war, the system was already being replaced as a frontline alternative by more modern and capable fighters and strike aircraft. Where the F-94 did shine in the conflict, however, was in using its powerful radar in conjunction with night-fighting sorties, able to find, target and destroy enemy aircraft through instrument use only.

By the middle of the 1950's the stop-gap measure that was the F-94 was being retired in quantity, with several falling into US National Guard hands for home defense. The F-94 "C" system would become the ultimate version of the series, earning the sole nickname of "Starfire" (no other models of the series carried this designation except the "C" model until it was adopted for the whole family of aircraft over time).




MEDIA









Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 750mph
Lo: 375mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (585mph).

    Graph average of 562.5 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LDN
LDN
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MSK
MSK
 
  TKY
TKY
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the Lockheed F-94C Starfire's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
853
853

  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
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Supported Roles
A2A
Interception
UAV
Ground Attack
CAS
Training
ASW
Anti-Ship
AEW
MEDEVAC
EW
Maritime/Navy
SAR
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
VIP
Passenger
Business
Recon
SPECOPS
X-Plane/Development
A2A=Air-to-Air; UAV=Unmanned; CAS=Close Support; ASW=Anti-Submarine; AEW=Airborne Early Warning; MEDEVAC=Medical Evac; EW=Electronic Warfare; SAR=Search-Rescue
In the Cockpit...
Supported Arsenal
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