×
Military Pay Scale Military Ranks Aircraft / Aviation Vehicles & Artillery Infantry Arms Warships & Submarines
HOME
AVIATION / AEROSPACE
MODERN AIR FORCES
COUNTRIES
MANUFACTURERS
COMPARE
BY CONFLICT
BY TYPE
BY DECADE
COLD WAR
FALKLANDS WAR
MODERN AIRCRAFT

Aerospatiale Alouette III


Light Multirole Helicopter


Aviation / Aerospace

1 / 5
Image from the United States Department of Defense imagery database.
2 / 5
Image from the United States Department of Defense imagery database.
3 / 5
Image from the United States Department of Defense imagery database.
4 / 5
Image from the United States Department of Defense imagery database.
5 / 5
Image from the United States Department of Defense imagery database.

Despite its Cold War-era roots, the Aerospatiale Alouette III remains a multi-purpose light helicopter design.



Authored By: JR Potts, AUS 173d AB | Last Edited: 7/29/2020 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com
The Aerospatiale Alouette III, is French for Skylark having a single-engine and to be used as a light utility helicopter and was developed by Sud Aviation and manufactured by Aerospatiale of France. The first version of the Alouette III, the SE 3160 prototype flew in 1959. Production of the SA 316A (SE 3160) began in 1960 and remained in production until 1968. It was replaced by the SA 316BThe Alouette III is the successor to the Alouette II, with a larger engine and having more seating.

The Turbomeca Artouste IIIB turboshaft engine was the original variant produced, the Alouette III is recognized for its mountain rescue and adaptability for land and ship based applications. The Argentine Navy purchased 14 helicopters, 3 of the original design SE3160, 7 with the more powerful engine and strength upgrades in the SA316B and 4 machines of the SA319B with more power than the other two versions.

The Alouette III entered in service with the French Armed forces in 1960. Many were used by the Foreign Legion from 1964-1967. Three machines were delivered from France for local assembly in Australia, and were used by Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF).

Pakistan purchased 35 machines and used them in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971. Two planes of the PAF were shot down in the war, and the Portuguese Colonial War, during 60's and 70's used large numbers of helos in Angola, Mozambique and Guinea, where it proved its qualities for use in dusty and hot flying conditions. One SA316B purchased by Argentina was on board the ARA General Belgrano when she was sunk by the HMS Conqueror S48 during the Falklands War with Great Britain in 1982.

The SA 316B and the SA 319B both remained in series production up to the early 1980s, when the main production line in France was closed down. However, HAL of India continues to licence-build Alouette IIIs as the Chetak. In 2004, most of the Alouette III was retired from the French Air Force after 32 years of successful service. It will be replaced by the Eurocopter EC 355 Ecureuil 2. In the same year, the Swiss Armed Forces announced the retirement of the Alouette III, from the front line by 2006, and entirely by 2010. Venezuelan Air forces retired their Alouette IIIs in the late 90s. Currently many units are still in use in Africa with parts available from India.



August 2018 - The Austrian government has approved plans for the Austrian Air Force to replace its aging fleet of Alouette III light utility helicopters. The fleet is scheduled for retirement before the end of 2022.

Specifications



Year:
1960
Status
Active, In-Service
Crew
2
Production
2,100 Units
Aerospatiale - France
National flag of Albania National flag of Angola National flag of Argentina National flag of Australia National flag of Austria National flag of Bangladesh National flag of Belgium National flag of Bolivia National flag of Burkina Faso National flag of Cameroon National flag of Chad National flag of Chile National flag of China National flag of Denmark National flag of Dominican Republic National flag of Ecuador National flag of El Salvador National flag of Ethiopia National flag of France National flag of Gabon National flag of Ghana National flag of Guinea-Bissau National flag of Greece National flag of India National flag of Indonesia National flag of Iran National flag of Iraq National flag of Ireland National flag of Israel National flag of Ivory Coast National flag of Jordan National flag of Laos National flag of Libya National flag of Madagascar National flag of Malawi National flag of Malaysia National flag of Malta National flag of Mexico National flag of Morocco National flag of Mozambique National flag of Nepal National flag of Netherlands National flag of Nicaragua National flag of Pakistan National flag of Peru National flag of Portugal National flag of Republic of the Congo National flag of Rhodesia National flag of Romania National flag of Rwanda National flag of Saudi Arabia National flag of Seychelles National flag of Singapore National flag of South Africa National flag of South Korea National flag of South Vietnam National flag of Spain National flag of Sri Lanka National flag of Suriname National flag of Swaziland National flag of Switzerland National flag of Tunisia National flag of United Arab Emirates National flag of United States National flag of Venezuela National flag of Yugoslavia National flag of Zaire National flag of Zambia National flag of Zimbabwe Albania; Angola; Argentina; Australia; Austria; Bangladesh; Belgium; Biafra; Bolivia; Burkina Faso; Burma; Burundi; Cameroon; Chad; Chile; Republic of the Congo; Ivory Coast; Denmark; Dominican Republic; Ecuador; El Salvador; Equatorial New Guinea; Ethiopia; France; Gabon; Ghana; Greece; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Hong Kong; India; Indonesia; Iran; Iraq; Ireland; Israel; Jordan; Laos; Lebanon; Libya; Madagascar; Malawi; Malaysia; Malta; Mexico; Morocco; Mozambique; Nepal; Netherlands; Nicaragua; Pakistan; China; Peru; Portugal; Rhodesia; Romania; Rwanda; Saudi Arabia; Seychelles; Singapore; South Africa; South Korea; South Vietnam; Spain; Sri Lanka; Suriname; Swaziland; Switzerland; Tunisia; United Arab Emirates; Upper Volta; Venezuela; Yugoslavia; Zaire; Zambia; Zimbabwe; Chile; United States
- Ground Attack
- Close-Air Support (CAS)
- Reconnaissance (RECCE)
Length:
42.13 ft (12.84 m)
Width:
36.15 ft (11.02 m)
Height:
9.84 ft (3 m)
Empty Weight:
2,474 lb (1,122 kg)
MTOW:
4,850 lb (2,200 kg)
(Diff: +2,377lb)
(Showcased weight values pertain to the Aerospatiale SA 316 Alouette III production model)
1 x Turbomeca Artouste IIIB turboshaft engine developing 570 horsepower while driving the main three-blade rotor and a three-blade tail system.
Max Speed:
130 mph (210 kph; 113 kts)
Service Ceiling:
7,379 feet (2,249 m; 1.4 miles)
Max Range:
298 miles (480 km; 259 nm)
Rate-of-Climb:
885 ft/min (270 m/min)
(Showcased performance values pertain to the Aerospatiale SA 316 Alouette III production model; Compare this aircraft entry against any other in our database)
Mission specific armament can include any of the following:

1 x 7.62mm machine gun (mounted on tripod in right-side doorway).
1 x 20mm cannon fixed to left-side of fuselage.
2 or 4 x AS.11 anti-tank missiles.
2 x Mk.44 Torpedoes.
(Showcased armament details pertain to the Aerospatiale SA 316 Alouette III production model)
SE 3160 Alouette III - First Designation Model
SA 316A Alouette III - Initial Production Designation; Features Turbomeca powerplant.
SA 316B Alouette III - Improved transmission, increased takeoff weight.
SA 319 Alouette III Atazou - Features Turbomeca Astazou turboshaft engine generating 600shp.
IAR 316 - Locally-produced (under license) Romanian Air Force model based on the SA 316B.
IAR-317 "Airfox" - Romanian-produced attack helicopter prototype based on Alouette III.
"Chetak" - Indian production version of the SA 316B model.
Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur War
Military lapel ribbon for experimental x-plane aircraft
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.

Similar Aircraft



Aviation developments similar to, or related to, the Aerospatiale Alouette III...


Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies


2021 Military Pay Scale Army Ranks Navy Ranks Air Force Ranks Alphabet Code DoD Dictionary

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com.

Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world and WDMMA.org, the World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft.


Facebook Logo YouTube Logo

www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-