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Mil Mi-17 (Hip-H)

Soviet Union (1981)

Detailing the development and operational history of the Mil Mi-17 (Hip-H) Medium-Lift Transport Helicopter / Gunship.

 Entry last updated on 2/21/2018; Authored by Staff Writer; Content ©

  Mil Mi-17 (Hip-H)  
Picture of Mil Mi-17 (Hip-H) Medium-Lift Transport Helicopter / Gunship
Picture of Mil Mi-17 (Hip-H) Medium-Lift Transport Helicopter / Gunship Picture of Mil Mi-17 (Hip-H) Medium-Lift Transport Helicopter / GunshipPicture of Mil Mi-17 (Hip-H) Medium-Lift Transport Helicopter / GunshipPicture of Mil Mi-17 (Hip-H) Medium-Lift Transport Helicopter / Gunship

The Mil Mi-17 transport helicopter was born from the original Mi-8 series as an improved form.

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Global Operators
Model Variants
The original Mil Mi-8 "Hip" medium-lift transport helicopter series first flew in prototype form on July 7th, 1961 and was introduced in 1967. Since then, over 17,000 examples of the type have been produced while the series maintains an active presence within the inventories of many air services today (2015). The Mi-17 "Hip" model - based on the Mi-8M/MT variant of the Soviet/Russian military - was developed with exportation in mind and has been adopted by over twenty nations worldwide. The Mi-17 model achieved its own first flight in 1975 and was introduced in 1981. Notable serial production has been ongoing since 1977 with totals reaching around 12,000 units with production shared between the Mil Moscow Helicopter Plant as well as the Kazan Helicopter Plant.

Externally, the Mi-17 product shares many of the same features with its earlier cousin including a well-glazed cockpit offering good vision, sliding side doors access with rear loading ramp, and fixed wheeled tricycle undercarriage. One discernable difference is in the tail rotor mounting which now faces starboard instead of port side. The cockpit area has been given improved protection through additional armoring and larger Klimov TV3-117VM turboshaft engines have increased performance - the main rotor and gearbox are based on those developed for the Mi-14.

Beyond its traditional role of personnel/cargo hauler, the Mi-17 can be outfitted for the gunship role, typically through multi-shot rocket pods fitted along wing stub mountings. Other versions have been equipped for Search and Rescue (SAR), VIP/general passenger transport, high-altitude, MEDEVAC, Electronic Warfare (EW), and airborne Command Post (CP) service. It has seen its fair share of operations over active combat zones ranging from Cambodia and India/Pakistan to Columbia, Macedonia, and Sri Lanka. Mi-17s were used by both sides of the Libyan Civil War (2011) and the rebuilding Afghan Air Force relies heavily on its Mi-17 fleet.

Picture of the Mil Mi-17 (Hip-H) Medium-Lift Transport Helicopter / Gunship
Picture of the Mil Mi-17 (Hip-H) Medium-Lift Transport Helicopter / Gunship

Operators currently range from Afghanistan and Argentina to Sri Lanka and Thailand. China began local license production of the Mi-17 during May of 2008 and, despite its Cold War-era roots, the Mi-17 remains very much in play today with several nations still considering order of the type.

The base designation of the line is Mi-17 and it is known to NATO as "Hip-H". The Mi-8AMT based model is the Mi-17-1 for export. The Mi-17-1M is its high-altitude performance equivalent. The Mi-17-1VA serves in the airborne hospital role while the Mi-17-2 is the Mi-8MTV-2. The Mi-8MTV-3 becomes the Mi-17V-3 and the Mi-8MTV-5 is the Mi-17V-5. The Mi-17V-7 is outfitted with VK-2500 engines and its loading ramp has been replaced by clam shell-style doors. The Mi-17M was a test bed for what became the Mi-17MD (Mi-17V-5). New avionics greeted the Mi-7KF. Night operations support was brought to the Mi-17N. General passenger hauling service was through the Mi-17P variant. The Mi-8MTG became the export Mi-17PG. The Mi-17S serves as a VIP passenger model. Various other designs have been added to the Mi-17 product line.

Mil Mi-17 (Hip-H) Specifications
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Soviet Union
Year: 1981
Status: Active, In-Service
Type: Medium-Lift Transport Helicopter / Gunship
Manufacturer(s): Mil Moscow Helicopter Plant - Soviet Union / Russian Helicopters / Kazan - Russia
Production: 12,000
Supported Mission Types
Ground Attack
Close-Air Support
Airborne Early Warning
Electronic Warfare
Aerial Tanker
Passenger Industry
VIP Travel
Business Travel
Special Forces
Crew: 3
Length: 60.53 ft (18.45 m)
Width: 69.72 ft (21.25 m)
Height: 15.58 ft (4.75 m)
Empty Weight: 16,535 lb (7,500 kg)
MTOW: 29,762 lb (13,500 kg)

Installed Power
2 x Klimov TV3-117MT/VM OR VK-2500 turboshaft engines developing 2,100 shp or 2,700 shp respectively while driving five-bladed main rotor and three-bladed tail rotor.

Standard Day Performance
Maximum Speed: 158 mph (255 kph; 138 kts)
Maximum Range: 360 mi (580 km; 313 nm)
Service Ceiling: 19,685 ft (6,000 m; 3.73 mi)
Rate-of-Climb: 1,575 ft/min (480 m/min)

Typically none unless outfitted for gunship/armed transport role: Missiles (Shturm-V), rockets (S-8), rocket pods, 23mm cannon pods, and 7.62mm gun pods across underwing hardpoints when fitted wingstubs; 7.62mm machine guns at doors and / or rear of aircraft. Optional nose machine gun.

Operators List
Afghanistan; Argentina; Cambodia; China; Colombia; Croatia; India; Iraq; Kenya; Libya; Macedonia; Malaysia; Mexico; North Korea; Pakistan; Russia; Slovakia; Sri Lanka; South Sudan; Soviet Union; Thailand

Series Model Variants
• Mi-17 (Hip-H) - Base Series Designation
• Mi-17-1
• Mi-17-1M
• Mi-17-1V
• Mi-17-1VA
• Mi-17-2
• Mi-17V-3
• Mi-17V-5
• Mi-17V-7
• Mi-17M
• Mi-17MD
• Mi-17KF
• Mi-17N
• Mi-17P
• Mi-17PG
• Mi-17PI
• Mi-17PP
• Mi-17S
• Mi017AE
• Mi-17LPZS
• Mi-17Z-2 "Prehrada"

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