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Harbin SH-5 (Shuishang Hongzhaji)

Amphibious Flying Boat / Maritime Patrol Aircraft

Harbin SH-5 (Shuishang Hongzhaji)

Amphibious Flying Boat / Maritime Patrol Aircraft

OVERVIEW
SPECIFICATIONS
ARMAMENT
VARIANTS
HISTORY
MEDIA
OVERVIEW



Introduced in 1986, the Harbin SH-5 flying boat was only procured through seven total examples.
National Flag Graphic
ORIGIN: China
YEAR: 1986
MANUFACTURER(S): Harbin Aircraft Factory - China
PRODUCTION: 7
OPERATORS: China
SPECIFICATIONS



Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Harbin SH-5 (Shuishang Hongzhaji) model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.
CREW: 8
LENGTH: 127.62 feet (38.9 meters)
WIDTH: 118.11 feet (36 meters)
HEIGHT: 32.12 feet (9.79 meters)
WEIGHT (EMPTY): 55,116 pounds (25,000 kilograms)
WEIGHT (MTOW): 99,208 pounds (45,000 kilograms)
ENGINE: 4 x Dongan WJ5A turboprop engines developing 3,150 horsepower each.
SPEED (MAX): 345 miles-per-hour (555 kilometers-per-hour; 300 knots)
RANGE: 2,955 miles (4,756 kilometers; 2,568 nautical miles)
CEILING: 33,629 feet (10,250 meters; 6.37 miles)
RATE-OF-CLIMB: 1,800 feet-per-minute (549 meters-per-minute)




ARMAMENT



Variable: Up to 13,000 pounds of stores including torpedoes, Anti-Ship Missiles (ASMs), depth charges, naval mines, and conventional drop bombs across four underwing hardpoints.
VARIANTS



Series Model Variants
• SH-5 - Base Series Model; sources vary on exact numbers completed.
• SH-5A - Dedicated Maritime Patrol Platform; conversions of existing SH-5 models for the role; three examples.
• SH-5B (PS-5) - Firefighting variant; example converted from existing SH-5 airframe.


HISTORY



Detailing the development and operational history of the Harbin SH-5 (Shuishang Hongzhaji) Amphibious Flying Boat / Maritime Patrol Aircraft.  Entry last updated on 6/26/2016. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
The Harbin SH-5 became a locally designed and developed flying boat for the Chinese Navy ("PLAN") during the latter stages of the Cold War (1947-1991). Design work on the type began in 1968 from the abortive Objective 3/17 program which resulted in a working prototype completing its first flight on April 3rd, 1976. However, the development phase proved rather lengthy for the aircraft did not see formal introduction into the PLAN inventory until 1986. Limited serial production spanned from 1984 until 1985 to which just seven examples were ultimately produced. The line still sees operational service today (2015) though it is ready to be superseded by more modern types such as the in-development AVIC "TA-600".

The series is no doubt influenced by Soviet-era flying boats - its hull is boat-like and allows for water landings and take-off with the cockpit set high above the nose with a commanding view of the terrain ahead. The wing mainplanes are of a monoplane design and shoulder-mounted, each fitted with a pair of engines along their leading edges as well as underslung floats for on-water stability. The tail unit features a twin vertical tail arrangement and is fitted atop the fuselage aft. While the SH-5 is primarily a water-based system it retains a wheeled undercarriage for functionality on land. In this way, the series is a true amphibian with excellent maritime capabilities - chiefly versatility and range.

The SH-5 sees a typical operating crew of eight. Its payload capacity can reach up to 22,000 pounds and the airframe is rated for up to 13,000 pounds of armament-carrying. Dimensions include an overall length of 127.6 feet, a wingspan of 118 feet and a height of 32 feet. Empty weight is 55,115 pounds with a Maximum Take-Off Weight (MTOW) listed at 99,200 pounds. Power is served through 4 x "Dongan" WJ5A series turboprop engines developing 3,150 horsepower apiece while driving 4 x four-bladed constant speed propellers with an integrated reverse feature (the Dongan also powers the Xian Y-7 transport). Performance specifications include a maximum speed of 345 miles per hour, a cruising speed of 280 miles per hour, a range out to 3,000 miles, and a service ceiling of 33,630 feet. The avionics fit is comprised of Doppler search radar unit housed in the nose. A Magnetic Anomaly Detector (MAD) boom is extended from the tail section as needed.

In terms of armament, the SH-5 supports various maritime-related weapon systems including Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) torpedoes, Anti-Ship Missiles (ASMs), depth charges, naval mines and conventional drop bombs across four external hardpoints.

"SH-5" has been used to designate the original production models which included the sole prototype and four production-quality forms. This led to the "SH-5A" mark which were essentially SH-5 airframes outfitted with ELectronic INTelligence (ELINT) equipment for the maritime patrol role. At least one of the SH-5 batch was modified to serve in the firefighting role and designated as "PS-5".

One SH-5 is known to have been lost in a crash, this occurring during 2013 and costing the lives of all of its crewmembers.




MEDIA







Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

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Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 400mph
Lo: 200mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (345mph).

    Graph average of 300 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
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  NYC
Graph showcases the Harbin SH-5 (Shuishang Hongzhaji)'s operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
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Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
7
7

  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
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Supported Roles
A2A
Interception
UAV
Ground Attack
CAS
Training
ASW
Anti-Ship
AEW
MEDEVAC
EW
Maritime/Navy
SAR
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
VIP
Passenger
Business
Recon
SPECOPS
X-Plane/Development
A2A=Air-to-Air; UAV=Unmanned; CAS=Close Support; ASW=Anti-Submarine; AEW=Airborne Early Warning; MEDEVAC=Medical Evac; EW=Electronic Warfare; SAR=Search-Rescue