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Beriev Be-10 (Mallow)

Soviet Union (1961)
Picture of Beriev Be-10 (Mallow) Maritime Bomber Flying Boat Aircraft

The Beriev Be-10 line of Soviet flying boats proved a record-setting platform and were produced in some 28 examples for the Soviet Navy.


Detailing the development and operational history of the Beriev Be-10 (Mallow) Maritime Bomber Flying Boat Aircraft.  Entry last updated on 11/10/2016. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com

The Beriev Be-10 flying boat was developed for use by Soviet Naval Aviation as a patrol bomber during the Cold War years. It followed basic flying boat criteria by implementing a high-wing mainplane and boat-like hull mated to an aircraft fuselage. This allowed the aircraft to take-off and land from water sources and conduct the required over-water missions for the naval service. A wheeled undercarriage could be deployed for traditional runway landings and take-off. The design departed from classic flying boats of decades prior in its use of turbojet propulsion.

As completed, the Be-10 featured a standard operating crew of four. Its airframe length measured 103.1 feet with a wingspan of 93.9 feet and a height of 35 feet. The nose was glazed over for observation of the oncoming terrain and pontoon floats were fitted at the wingtips to prevent tipping during water running or rough seas. Empty weight was listed at 60,300lbs with a Maximum Take-Off Weight (MTOW) nearing 107,000lbs. A single vertical tail fin made up the tail along with a pair of upward-canted horizontal tailplanes. Power was from 2 x Lyulka AL-7PD turbojet engines, each delivering 16,000lbs of thrust and mounted at the wingroots, their nacelles found under each wings. Maximum speed was 565 miles per hour with a range out to 1,800 miles and a service ceiling of 41,000 feet. Rate-of-climb measured at about 2,000 feet per minute. Local defense was through a twin-gunned tail turret fitting 2 x 23mm AM-23 series cannons and 2 x 23mm cannons fitted to the nose. Up to 4,400lbs of stores in the form of torpedoes, mines, and conventional drop bombs could be carried.

Be-10s were first deployed with 2nd Squadron (977th OMDRAP) of Soviet Naval Aviation and they were later joined by 1st Squadron - becoming the two only operators of the entire series. Production also limited this reach as only 28 were manufactured in all from 1958 to 1961. Upon their adoption, Be-10s replaced the aged stock of 1950s-era, propeller-driven Beriev Be-6 "Madge" high-wing flying boats then in service. The new aircraft series was not formally identified by NATO observers until the 1961Tushino Aviation Day flyover.

In operational service, they were competent performers with great tactical flexibility. However, their controlling required a great deal of attention and veteran hands at the stick due to tricky flight characteristics. Indeed, several crashes were the result of the aircraft's handling scheme which stained an otherwise solid performance record. The line's demise was further aided early-onset metal fatigue primarily due to the violent landings required of the aircraft. The Be-10 was out of service as soon as 1968, succeeded by the new and improved Beriev Be-12 "Mail" line detailed elsewhere on this site.

Only one major standard variant was produced - designated simply as "Be-10". There did appear several proposed forms which all fell to naught: the Be-10N was to be a cruise missile carrier with the Be-10S an anti-submarine platform. Be-10U was intended as a target designator and outfitted with radar while the Be-10T was to fulfill a trainer role. A high-performance version, M-10 ("40 Yellow"), was specially-modified for record attempts and was completed in a sole example. It went on to set some twelve payload, speed, and altitude world records for an aircraft of this classification.

Any available statistics for the Beriev Be-10 (Mallow) Maritime Bomber Flying Boat Aircraft are showcased in the areas immediately below. Categories include basic specifications covering country-of-origin, operational status, manufacture(s) and total quantitative production. Other qualities showcased are related to structural values (namely dimensions), installed power and standard day performance figures, installed or proposed armament and mission equipment (if any), global users (from A-to-Z) and series model variants (if any).






Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 750mph
Lo: 375mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (565mph).

    Graph average of 562.5 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the Beriev Be-10's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
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Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
28
28


  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
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National Flag Graphic
Origin: Soviet Union
Year: 1961
Type: Maritime Bomber Flying Boat Aircraft
Manufacturer(s): Beriev OKB - Soviet Union
Production: 28
Global Operators:
Soviet Union
Historical Commitments / Honors:

Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.
Measurements and Weights icon
Structural - Crew, Dimensions, and Weights:
Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Beriev Be-10 model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.

Operational
CREW


Personnel
4


Dimension
LENGTH


Feet
103.18 ft


Meters
31.45 m


Dimension
WIDTH


Feet
93.83 ft


Meters
28.6 m


Dimension
HEIGHT


Feet
35.10 ft


Meters
10.7 m


Weight
EMPTY


Pounds
60,318 lb


Kilograms
27,360 kg


Weight
LOADED


Pounds
106,924 lb


Kilograms
48,500 kg

Engine icon
Installed Power - Standard Day Performance:
2 x Lyulka AL-7PB turbojet engines developing 16,000lb of thrust each.

Performance
SPEED


Miles-per-Hour
565 mph


Kilometers-per-Hour
910 kph


Knots
491 kts


Performance
RANGE


Miles
1,802 mi


Kilometers
2,900 km


Nautical Miles
1,566 nm


Performance
CEILING


Feet
41,010 ft


Meters
12,500 m


Miles
7.77 mi


Performance
CLIMB RATE


Feet-per-Minute
2,025 ft/min


Meters-per-Minute
617 m/min

Supported Weapon Systems:

Graphical image of an aircrat automatic cannon
Graphical image of an aircraft aerial torpedo
Graphical image of an aircraft conventional drop bomb munition
Armament - Hardpoints (2):

STANDARD:
2 x 23mm AM-23 cannons in nose position
2 x 23mm AM-23 cannons in tail turret

OPTIONAL:
Up to 4,400lbs of stores including torpedoes, naval mines, and conventional drop bombs.
Variants: Series Model Variants
• Izddeliye M - Single prototype
• Be-10 ("Mallow") - Base series designation; 27 examples delivered.
• Be-10N - Proposed cruise missile carrier; not furthered.
• Be-10S - Proposed Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) platform; not produced.
• Be-10U - Proposed target designation platform; not furthered.
• Be-10T - Proposed trainer variant; not produced.
• M-10 - Modified Be-10 for recordbreaking endeavors.