MANUFACTURER(S): State Arsenals - Soviet Union
OPERATORS: Afghanistan; Albania; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Bangladesh; Belarus; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Cambodia; China; Egypt; Estonia; Finland; Georgia; Hungary; Indonesia; Iran; Iraq; Kyrgyzstan; Laos; Latvia; Libya; Malaysia; Myanmar; Moldova; Mongolia; North Korea; Pakistan; Poland; Romania; Russia; Soviet Union; Tajikistan; Thailand; Turkmenistan; Ukraine; Uzbekistan; Vietnam; Yugoslavia
ACTION: Directional; Single-Use
CALIBER(S)*: Not Applicable.
Detailing the development and operational history of the MON-50 Anti-Personnel (AP) Fragmentation Mine.
Entry last updated on 7/11/2017.
Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
The MON-50 serves the Russian Army, and many other global operators, as an infantry-level Anti-Personnel (AP) mine. Its form and function is very reminiscent of the American M18 "Claymore" AP mine and both were developed during the Cold War period (1947-1991). Under the Soviet banner, the MON-50 was exported en mass to supported states and allied nations and, as such, sees consistent battlefield use even today.
The MON-50 utilizes a plastic casing and typically takes on a grey, olive, or green appearance. A pair of scissors-type "feet" are affixed to the mine's underside which allow it to stand on its own or to be driven into soft terrain (sand, dirt). A special spike is also available for driving the mine into more solid surfaces such as wood. The weapon weighs just two kilograms and has an overall length of 226mm, a width of 35mm, and height of 155mm.
Internally, there is 700 grams of RDX explosive substance which, when combined with the natural fragmentation of the mine's body, causes lethal damage out to 60 meters officially - though fragments are recorded as far away as 300 meters. Various fuzes / detonations are available: direct command (via demolition cable), seismic sensor, breakwire / tripwire, and mechanical pull. A peep-style sighting device is fitted over the mine to assist the operator in determining exact blast direction.
The MON-100 and MON-200 are other types of AP mines developed by the Soviet Union and vary in their shape and battlefield role.
The MON-50 sees current production in Russia as well as outside of it (Bulgaria).