Military Factory logo
Icon of F-15 Eagle military combat fighter aircraft
Icon of Abrams Main Battle Tank
Icon of navy warships
Icon of AK-47 assault rifle

Izhmash AN-94 (Abakan)

Assault Rifle

The Izhmash AN-94 is the official successor to the fabled Kalashnikov AK-47 series of Russian assault rifles.
Authored By: Staff Writer | Edited: 7/11/2017
National Flag Graphic


Year: 1994
Manufacturer(s): Izhmash - Russia
Roles: Frontline/Assault;
Action: Gas-Operated; Selective Fire
Caliber(s): 5.45x39mm
Sights: Adjustable Iron Sights; Optional Optics
Overall Length: 943 mm (37.13 in)
Barrel Length: 405 mm (15.94 in)
Weight (Unloaded): 8.49 lb (3.85 kg)
Muzzle Velocity: 2,953 feet-per-second (900 meters-per-second)
Rate-of-Fire: 600 rounds-per-minute
Effective Range: 1,212 ft (369 m; 404 yd)
Operators: Russia
The Izhmash AN-94 is the latest in the long line of Russian assault rifles and is intended to replace the long-lasting Kalashnikov series of rifle (including the fabled AK-47). Outwardly, the system maintains some similarities to the Kalashnikov designs (including the curved magazine) but is billed as a more accurate version of the Kalashnikov AK-74M assault rifle thanks to its "delayed" recoil 2-shot burst operation that fires a second round before the first round's action is fully completed. The AK-74M is itself an improved AK-74 with a synthetic folding stock, reinforced muzzle device and dust cover and side rail optics mounting. While both the AK-74M and the AN-94 utilize the 5.45x39mm M74 cartridge, the latter can also fit a bayonet and GP-30 grenade launcher at the same time and be fitted with a 60-round detachable box magazine - things the Kalashnikov design cannot do. The AN-94 gained acceptance after weapons trials held in the 1980's, to which the design performed very well.

The gas-operated AN-94 features a folding stock which brings the length of the weapon down by some 8 full inches. The feed system can accommodate 5.45x39mm cartridges in 30-, 45- or 60-round detachable box magazines. An effective range of 400 meters is reported with a maximum range of 700 meters. The rate of fire - depending on the selected mode - is between 600 and 1,800 rounds per minute. Sights are fixed iron sights (the rear maintains a "peep" aperture-type sight) though it is only logical that the weapon will eventually accept various scopes as needed.

Despite its upside, the AN-94 is a complicated and expensive weapon to produce - the complexity also requiring a great deal more in terms of in-the-field maintenance as well. The AN-94 entered service in limited numbers in 1997, though the Kalashnikov AK-47 series - to which the AN-94 was suppose to succeed - is still fielded in great numbers leaving some to wonder of the future of the AN-94 as the standard Russian assault rifle.

Variants / Models

• AN-94 - Base Production Model
Site Disclaimer  |  Privacy Policy  |  Cookies  |  Site Map Site content ©2003-, All Rights Reserved.

The "Military Factory" name and logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT

Part of a network of sites that includes, GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world, and, the World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft.

Facebook Logo YouTube Logo