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Renault VAB (Vehicule de l Avant Blinde)

4x4 Armored Personnel Carrier (APC)

France | 1976

"The versatile French-made VAB armored vehicle can be fitted with various armament options to suit the required battlefield role."

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 04/19/2022 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
The French-produced VAB is a versatile Armored Personnel Carrier and scout car. The chassis is used in a series of capable variants for ease-of-cost, logistics, and production. The chassis was developed in a 4x4 and 6x6-wheeled configuration, is fully amphibious, and can mount variable weaponry including machine guns and missile systems to counter most any light-to-medium battlefield threat.

The air defense variant is equipped with 4 x Mistral Air-to-Air Missiles (AAMs). Another variant showcases the HOT Anti-Tank, Guided-Missile (ATGM) weapon. Still another form manages twin 20mm automatic cannons to counter the threat posed by low-flying aircraft as well as ground-based light-armored vehicles (developed for Oman). Full NBC protection and night vision is available for the crew which is made up of two to three personnel. Passenger-equipped models can carry up to ten combat-ready infantrymen.

Drive power to the vehicle is from the in-house Renault MIDS 06-20-45 6-cylinder, inline, water-cooled, turbocharged diesel-fueled engine of 220 horsepower. This drives a 4x4 wheeled arrangement which and allows the vehicle to reach speeds of over 90 kmh out to a range of 1,000 kilometers. Weight is 13,000 kg and dimensions include an overall length of 5.98 meters with a width of 2.49 meters and a height of 2.06 meters.

Renault and Panhard of France both have produced the VAB line. The designation of VAB stands for "Vehicule de I'Avant Blinde" which translates into Forward Area Armored Vehicle. Modernization programs have kept the French VAB in step with most battlefield advances and the system counts customers from Brunei and the Central African Republic to Qatar and the United Arab Emirates.

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May 2017 - Lebanon has taken delivery of its first HOT-missile-equipped VAB "Mephisto" armored vehicles. These examples are ex-French Army.

November 2018 - Lebanon has taken delivery of its second batch of Mephisto vehicles. The delivery includes ten additional vehicles along with 96 total HOT ATGMs.

Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one land system design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the Renault VAB (Vehicule de l Avant Blinde) 4x4 Armored Personnel Carrier (APC).
1 x Renault MIDS 06-20-45 6-cylinder turbocharged in-line water-cooled, diesel-fueled engine developing 220 horsepower at 2,200rpm driving conventional all-wheel 4x4 arrangement.
Installed Power
57 mph
92 kph
Road Speed
621 miles
1,000 km
The physical qualities of the Renault VAB (Vehicule de l Avant Blinde) 4x4 Armored Personnel Carrier (APC).
19.6 ft
5.98 meters
O/A Length
8.2 ft
2.49 meters
O/A Width
6.8 ft
2.06 meters
O/A Height
28,660 lb
13,000 kg | 14.3 tons
Armament & Ammunition
Available supported armament, ammunition, and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the Renault VAB (Vehicule de l Avant Blinde) 4x4 Armored Personnel Carrier (APC).
1 x 12.7mm Heavy Machine Gun (HMG).
1 x Anti-Tank Guided-Missile (ATGM) Launcher.

Also any personal weapons carried by the crew.
500 x 12.7mm ammunition (estimated).
Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear Protection (CBRN) - YES - OPTIONAL.
Notable series variants as part of the Renault VAB (Vehicule de l Avant Blinde) family line.
VAB - Base Series Designation; 4x4 chassis.
VAB IFV - Infantry Fighting Vehicle.
VAB Echelon - Battlefield Repair Vehicle.
VAB VCAC "Mephisto" - Features "HOT-3" anti-tank missile system.
VAB PC - Commander's Vehicle.
VAB Transmission - Communications Vehicle.
VAB - Battlefield Engineering Vehicle.
VAB Bromure - Electronic Warfare Vehicle.
VAB Saitaire - Battlefield Ambulance.
VAB VMO - Specialized Security Variant.
VAB VTM 120 - Mortar Carrier (120mm).
VAB VPM 81 - Mortar Carrier (81mm).
VAB AA - Anti-Aircraft Defense Variant featuring twin-20mm cannons.
VAB NBC - Nuclear, Biological and Chemical protection vehicle.
VAB TOW - TOW Anti-Tank variant.
VAB MBDA - Anti-Aircraft Vehicle featuring Mistral surface-to-air missiles.
VBC-90 - 6x6 Armored Scout Car.
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the Renault VAB (Vehicule de l Avant Blinde). Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national land systems listing.

Total Production: 5,000 Units

Contractor(s): Renault Trucks Defense - France
National flag of Cyprus National flag of France National flag of Indonesia National flag of Italy National flag of Kuwait National flag of Lebanon National flag of Mexico National flag of Morocco National flag of Oman National flag of Qatar National flag of the United Arab Emirates

[ Brunei; Central African Republic; Cyprus; France; Indonesia; Italy; Ivory Coast; Kuwait; Lebanon; Mauritius; Mexico; Morocco; Oman; Qatar; United Arab Emirates; ]
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Image of the Renault VAB (Vehicule de l Avant Blinde)
Image from the Department of Defense imagery database.

Design Qualities
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to battlefield requirements.
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Developments of similar form-and-function, or related, to the Renault VAB (Vehicule de l Avant Blinde) 4x4 Armored Personnel Carrier (APC).
Going Further...
The Renault VAB (Vehicule de l Avant Blinde) 4x4 Armored Personnel Carrier (APC) appears in the following collections:
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