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Airbus Helicopters AS565 Panther


Multi-Purpose / Multi-Role Helicopter (1985)


Aviation / Aerospace

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Jump-to: Specifications

The Eurocopter AS565 Panther series is a militarized do-everything platform of the base Eurocopter AS365 Dauphin.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 04/27/2020 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.
The Eurocopter AS565 "Panther" is nothing more than a medium class, multi-role, twin-engined militarized form of the original - and hugely successful - Aerospatiale AS365 "Dauphin". Aerospatiale produced over 800 Dauphins for military and civilian use and many have continued operations throughout the world today. Aerospatiale, then headquartered at Toulouse, France, merged with EADS while its helicopter division was melded with Daimler-Benz Aerospace to become "Eurocopter" in 1992. Today, Eurocopter's products reach some 140 total countries while the Panther is utilized, in one form or another, by some fifteen different nations as of this writing - these to include such powers as Brazil, China, France, Israel, South Korea Taiwan, the United Kingdom and the United States to name a few. The Panther varied from its Dauphin origins by introducing the paired engine design and all-new rotor housing, raising performance specifications and mission capabilities as a result.

The Panther maintains a sleek appearance from nose to tail. The cockpit is situated well-forward in the design with excellent visibility through the glazed forward fuselage. The base crew of two - pilot and co-pilot - enter/exit the aircraft through a pair of automobile-style hinged doors along the forward fuselage sides. The passenger cabin is directly to the rear of the cockpit with variable internal arrangements available to suit mission requirements per customer. The cabin is accessed by a forward hinged swinging door and a rear-set sliding door fitted to either side of the fuselage. The engines are mounted atop the flight cabin, powering a four-bladed main rotor and a multi-bladed tail rotor housed in a "Fenestron" shroud. While the latter is a more expensive alternative to the traditionally exposed tail rotors seen on most other helicopters, it offers higher rotation speeds, basic protection from debris and enemy fire and some sound reduction qualities. The fuselage contours elegantly into the thick tail stem which sports outboard vertical tail fins, the shrouded tail rotor and a main larger vertical tail fin. The undercarriage is fully retractable and consists of a pair of main landing gear legs and a nose wheel leg. The main legs are each single-wheeled whereas the nose leg features a pair of landing wheels.

The base search and rescue mount is powered by a pair of Turbomeca Arriel 2C turboshaft engines, each delivering 851 shaft horsepower. This provides the airframe with a top speed of 190 miles per hour and ferry range equal to 514 miles. The helicopter maintains a service ceiling of just under 20,000 feet. As well as retrieving personnel at sea or in otherwise unreachable areas, the Panther can be utilized as a MEDEVAC platform for the transport of wounded persons. As a base transport model, the Panther can also transport some ten combat-ready personnel for insertion/extraction sorties.

The adaptability of the Panther airframe means that she can be customized by operator needs to fulfill a variety of armed and unarmed battlefield roles. Armed variants have been fitted with machine guns, machine gun pods, cannon pods, unguided rocket pods, air-to-air and air-to-surface missiles. For the anti-ship/anti-submarine role, the type can also be armed with torpedoes (coupled with sonar and search radars). Such armed helicopters offer tactical advantages when hunting land-based targets or naval vessels due to their excellent hovering capabilities and loitering times. Of course they become more susceptible to enemy ground fire as a result.

The initial production mark of the Panther became the "SA365 K", which itself was based on the improved AS365 N2 of the Dauphin 2 series. Attack marks became the AS565 AA and AS565 AB which were based on the N2 and AS365 N3 respectively, the latter a further improved Dauphin 2 mount. The anti-tank version - the AS565 Ca - was based on the AS365 N2. Anti-submarine versions became the AS565 SA and AS565 SB which were based on the N2 and N3 respectively. The primary Search and Rescue (SAR) variant was assigned the designation of AS565 MB (based on the N3) and has proven the most popular of the Panther family line, able to be armed or left unarmed and fulfill a variety of naval-oriented roles beyond SAR. Basic utility airframes are AS565 UA and AS565 UB, again differentiated by their origins in the N2 and N3 respectively.

Brazil license-produces the Panther as the HM-1 "Panteras" for its Brazilian Army under the Helibras product banner.

Specifications



Service Year
1985

Origin
France national flag graphic
France

Status
ACTIVE
In Active Service.
Crew
3

Production
550
UNITS


Eurocopter (Aerospatiale) - France
National flag of Angola National flag of Brazil National flag of Bulgaria National flag of China National flag of France National flag of Greece National flag of Ireland National flag of Israel National flag of Mexico National flag of Morocco National flag of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia National flag of South Korea National flag of Thailand National flag of the United Arab Emirates National flag of the United Kingdom National flag of the United States National flag of Zambia Angola; Brazil; Bulgaria; China; France; Greece; Ireland; Israel; Mexico; Morocco; Saudi Arabia; South Korea; Thailand; United Arab Emirates; United Kingdom; United States; Zambia
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Ground Attack (Bombing, Strafing)
Ability to conduct aerial bombing of ground targets by way of (but not limited to) guns, bombs, missiles, rockets, and the like.
Close-Air Support (CAS)
Developed to operate in close proximity to active ground elements by way of a broad array of air-to-ground ordnance and munitions options.
Special-Mission: Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW)
Equipped to search, track, and engage enemy underwater elements by way of specialized onboard equipment and weapons.
Special-Mission: Anti-Ship
Equipped to search, track, and engage enemy surface elements through visual acquisition, radar support, and onboard weaponry.
Transport
General transport functionality to move supplies/cargo or personnel (including wounded and VIP) over range.
Intelligence-Surveillance-Reconnaissance (ISR), Scout
Surveil ground targets / target areas to assess environmental threat levels, enemy strength, or enemy movement.


Length
44.9 ft
(13.68 m)
Width/Span
39.2 ft
(11.94 m)
Height
13.0 ft
(3.97 m)
Empty Wgt
5,247 lb
(2,380 kg)
MTOW
9,480 lb
(4,300 kg)
Wgt Diff
+4,233 lb
(+1,920 kg)
(Showcased structural values pertain to the Airbus Helicopters AS565 MB production variant)
Installed: 2 x Turbomeca Arriel 2C turboshaft engines developing 850 shaft horsepower each driving a four-bladed main rotor and shrouded tail rotor.
Max Speed
190 mph
(306 kph | 165 kts)
Ceiling
19,242 ft
(5,865 m | 4 mi)
Range
514 mi
(827 km | 1,532 nm)
Rate-of-Climb
1,800 ft/min
(549 m/min)


♦ MACH Regime (Sonic)
Sub
Trans
Super
Hyper
HiHyper
ReEntry
RANGES (MPH) Subsonic: <614mph | Transonic: 614-921 | Supersonic: 921-3836 | Hypersonic: 3836-7673 | Hi-Hypersonic: 7673-19180 | Reentry: >19030


(Showcased performance specifications pertain to the Airbus Helicopters AS565 MB production variant. Compare this aircraft entry against any other in our database. View aircraft by powerplant type)
OPTIONAL (can include combinations of the following):

Giat M621 20mm automatic cannon gun pods.
2.75-inch 19-shot rocket pods.
68mm 22-shot rocket pods.
Aerospatiale AS 15 TT anti-ship missiles.
Euromissile HOT anti-tank missiles.
20mm cabin-mounted cannons.
Mark 46 Torpedos.


Supported Types


Graphical image of an aircraft automatic cannon
Graphical image of an aircraft machine gun pod
Graphical image of an aircraft anti-tank guided missile
Graphical image of aircraft aerial rockets
Graphical image of an aircraft rocket pod
Graphical image of an aircraft anti-ship missile
Graphical image of an aircraft aerial torpedo


(Not all ordnance types may be represented in the showcase above)
Hardpoint Mountings: 2


SA 365 FK - Original Aerospatiale Designation of SA 365 K.
SA 365 K - Initial Version based on the AS365 N2.
AS565 UA - Utility Variant of AS365 N2
AS565 UB - Utility Variant of AS365 N3
AS565 AA - Dedicated Attack Platform based on the AS365 N2.
AS565 AB - Dedicated Attack Platform based on the AS365 N3.
AS565 MA - Navalized Search & Rescue (SAR) platform; based on the AS365 N2.
AS565 MB - Navalized Search & Rescue (SAR) platform; based on the AS365 N3.
AS565 SA - Anti-Submarine Warfare Version based on the AS365 N2.
AS565 SB - Anti-Submarine Warfare Version based on the AS365 N3.
AS565 CA - Dedicated Anti-Tank variant of the AS365 N2; provision for HOT AT missiles.
AS565 N3 - Greece export model; maritime patrol and surveillance platform based on the AS365 N3.
AS565 SC - Saudi Arabian export model; Search & Rescue (SAR) platform.
HM-1 "Panteras" - Brazilian Export Model; designation of the AS565 for use by the Brazilian Army.
"Panther 800" - Proposed Light Utility Helicopter for the US Army; fitted with 2 x LHTEC T800 turboshaft engines; prototype forms.


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