×
Aviation & Aerospace - Aircraft by Country - Aircraft Manufacturers - Aircraft Cockpits Vehicles & Artillery - Main Battle Tanks - Artillery Systems Infantry Small Arms Warships & Submarines Military Ranks U.S. Military Pay 2024 - Historical Pay Special Forces - Special Forces Groups by Country - Special Forces Aviation - Special Forces Vehicles DoD Dictionary (Alpha-to-Zulu) Military Alphabet Code

Avro Shackleton


Long Range Maritime Patrol / Airborne Early Warning / Search and Rescue Aircraft


United Kingdom | 1951



"The Avro Shackleton became the first British bomber to feature contra-rotating propeller blades."



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 04/17/2022 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
The Avro Shackleton was derived from the Avro Lincoln bomber (the Lincoln itself designed from the Avro Lancaster), a four-engine aircraft appearing too late to see action in World War 2. The Shackleton featured a similar (though all-new) fuselage design and became the primary RAF long-range maritime patrol platform in the early years of the Cold War. The aircraft went on to fulfill a variety of other roles until its eventual retirement in 1990.

The Shackleton was designed to a 1946 requirement for an all-new long-range maritime patrol aircraft for use by the Royal Air Force Coastal Command. The Avro offering was initially known as the Lincoln ASR.3 and would later become known simply as Type 696 Shackleton (named after English explorer Ernest Shackleton). First flight was achieved on March 9th, 1949.

The Avro Shackleton shared some design similarities with the Lincoln. Both aircraft featured a slender straight-sided fuselage with the aft end extended out past the tail plane. The tail plane also featured twin vertical fins in much the same way as that of Lincoln design. The Shackleton was also fitted with a low-wing monoplane with two engines to a wing and each engine was fitted with two three-blade propellers in a contra-rotating fashion - the first such British four-engine aircraft to do so. Power was delivered by 4 x Rolls-Royce Griffon liquid-cooled in-line engines. The Griffons were noted for requiring a great deal of attention during the aircraft's career. Armament in the Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) role consisted of 2 x 20mm cannons mounted in the nose while internal bombloads could consist of torpedoes, mines and bombs as needed.

The initial MR.1 Shackleton production models entered service in April of 1951 with No. 120 Squadron based in Scotland. The MR.2 appeared later (with changes brought about through operational feedback) and was noted for its ventral-placed radome as opposed to the chin-mounted placement of its forerunner. Additionally, the MR.2 featured a reinforced undercarriage, a lengthened nose and tail section and redesigned tail planes.

The MR.3 would later appear with a whole host of changes thanks again to operational feedback. These changes would include wingtip-mounted fuel tanks, a larger fuselage, sleeping galley for the crew on long flights, redesigned wings and a tricycle undercarriage. Future MR.3's would incorporate the Armstrong Siddeley Viper turbojet in the outboard engine nacelles for increased power on take-offs due to the increased weight, these being noted by their designation of MR.3 "Phase II".

Beyond RAF use, the Shackleton was delivered in a batch of eight to the South African Air Force (replacing their Short Sunderlands). Shackletons served the British as Airborne Early Warning (AEW) platforms (designated AEW.2) until its inevitable replacement by the nation's purchase of E-3 Sentry units in 1991 over the Nimrod AEW model vying for the role. Other roles undertaken by the Shackleton in that time included Search and Rescue (SAR) and Maritime Patrol Aircraft (MPA). South African models were in service up until 1984.

Shackletons saw their first real use in the Suez Crisis of 1956, the combined British, Israeli and French attack on Egypt after the Egyptian attempt to nationalize the Suez Canal. Production totals for each model type numbered 77 for the Mk 1 series, 70 for the Mk 2 series and 34 for the Mk 3 series with a further 8 of that batch for use in the South African Air Force.

Content ©MilitaryFactory.com; No Reproduction Permitted.
Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one aircraft design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the Avro Shackleton MR.Mk 3 Long Range Maritime Patrol / Airborne Early Warning / Search and Rescue Aircraft.
4 x Rolls-Royce Griffon 57A V-12 liquid-cooled inline piston engines developing 2,356 horsepower each driving three-bladed propeller units.
Propulsion
302 mph
486 kph | 262 kts
Max Speed
20,013 ft
6,100 m | 4 miles
Service Ceiling
4,213 miles
6,780 km | 3,661 nm
Operational Range
City-to-City Ranges
Operational range when compared to distances between major cities (in KM).
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Structure
The nose-to-tail, wingtip-to-wingtip physical qualities of the Avro Shackleton MR.Mk 3 Long Range Maritime Patrol / Airborne Early Warning / Search and Rescue Aircraft.
10
(MANNED)
Crew
87.3 ft
26.62 m
O/A Length
119.8 ft
(36.53 m)
O/A Width
23.3 ft
(7.11 m)
O/A Height
56,401 lb
(25,583 kg)
Empty Weight
100,002 lb
(45,360 kg)
MTOW
Design Balance
The three qualities reflected below are altitude, speed, and range. The more full the box, the more balanced the design.
RANGE
ALT
SPEED
Armament
Available supported armament and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the Avro Shackleton Long Range Maritime Patrol / Airborne Early Warning / Search and Rescue Aircraft .
2 x 20mm Hispano automatic cannons in nose emplacement.

Up to 10,000lb of conventional drop stores: 3 x torpedoes, naval mines, or 9 x Drop bombs as needed.
Variants
Notable series variants as part of the Avro Shackleton family line.
Lincoln ASR.3 - Initial Lincoln Production Model Designation on which the Shackleton is derived from.
Type 696 - Official Avro Shackleton Model Designation.
GR.Mk 1 - Initial Production Models of which 77 examples were produced; redesignated to MR.Mk 1; fitted with 2 x Griffon 57A and 2 x Griffon 57 engines.
MR.Mk 1 - Redesignation of GR.MK 1 models.
MR.Mk 1A - Fitted with 4 x Griffon 57 engines; chin radome.
MR.Mk 2 - Subtle modifications introduced including longer nose; featured ventral-placed ASV radome; 70 examples produced.
MR.Mk2C - MR.2 models with armament and navigation equipment of MR.Mk 3 models.
MR.Mk 3 -Anti-Shipping and Maritime Reconnaissance Model; redesigned wing shape; sans dorsal turret; underwing hardpoints introduced; wingtip fuel tanks for increased range; tricycle landing undercarriage; 34 examples produced.
MR.Mk 3 "Phase II" - MR.3 models fitted with Armstrong Siddeley Viper turbojet engines in outboard engine nacelles; 8 examples produced for South Africa.
MR.Mk 4 - Proposed improved maritime reconnaissance platform; never produced.
AEW Mk 2 - Airborne Early Warning Radar platform from converted MR.2 models; 12 such examples produced.
T.4 - Navigation Trainer Conversion Model
Operators
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the Avro Shackleton. Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national aircraft listing.

Total Production: 189 Units

Contractor(s): Avro / A.V. Roe - UK
National flag of South Africa National flag of the United Kingdom

[ South Africa; United Kingdom ]
1 / 1
Image of the Avro Shackleton
Image from the Public Domain.

Going Further...
The Avro Shackleton Long Range Maritime Patrol / Airborne Early Warning / Search and Rescue Aircraft appears in the following collections:
HOME
AVIATION INDEX
AIRCRAFT BY COUNTRY
AIRCRAFT MANUFACTURERS
COMPARE AIRCRAFT
AIRCRAFT BY CONFLICT
AIRCRAFT BY TYPE
AIRCRAFT BY DECADE
COLD WAR AIRCRAFT
SUEZ CRISIS AIRCRAFT
Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies

2024 Military Pay Scale Military Ranks U.S. DoD Dictionary Conversion Calculators Military Alphabet Code Military Map Symbols US 5-Star Generals WW2 Weapons by Country

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com. No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.

Part of a network of sites that includes Global Firepower, WDMMA.org, WDMMW.org, and World War Next.


©2024 www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-2024 (21yrs)