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Lockheed MC-130 Combat Talon (I / II)


Special Forces Transport Aircraft


United States | 1966



"In service since the Vietnam War, the Combat Talon series of aircraft has served in a multitude of mission types and is still in operational service today."



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 09/02/2018 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
The MC-130 series is represented by the MC-130E Combat Talon I and the MC-130H Combat Talon II systems. Both utilize the hugely successful C-130 Hercules airframe and were designed specifically for use with special forces operators but have also been featured in humanitarian efforts as well and have seen action since the Vietnam War. Their primary role is that of insertion/extraction of special forces groups and delivering cargo to such forces when operating behind enemy lines. Both series of aircraft are still in operational use with the United States Air Force, which as of this writing, maintains 20 active MC-130H types and 10 reserve MC-130E types.

Though similar in many ways, each Combat Talon variant is made different by its internal computer and avionics packages. The Combat Talon I was, however, designed in the 1960's while the Combat Talon II represents a much improved version of that base platform though both operate in similar roles. The Combat Talon series is powered by the Allison series T56-A-15 turboprop engines, two mounted to each wing high and away from ground activity when landed. Entry is available through the large rear-opening cargo door and the cargo hold can sustain personnel in the following numbers:

MC-130E: 53 troops OR 26 paratroopers PLUS standard crew of 9 personnel.
MC-130H: 77 troops OR 52 paratroopers. This variant is also listed to carry some 57 medical litter patients in place of operational forces personnel PLUS standard crew of 7 personnel.

The MC-130 maintains an operational range of up to 4,344 kilometers, though this can be made indefinite with inflight refueling capabilities. Crews are aided by full terrain avoidance radar systems, all-weather capabilities and global positioning systems and both aircraft feature extensive systems designed to identify and react to any potential threats to the aircraft from ground forces.

the MC-130E appeared in 1966, seeing combat action in the skies over Vietnam. This system was also present in the unsuccessful operation to free American hostages held in Iran in 1980. Later, the system served Airborne Ranger operatives well in the war in Grenada of 1983, in the first Persian Gulf War and, more recently, in Afghanistan and Iraq. The MC-130H began operating in 1992 and has seen action in Liberia, Republic of the Congo, Kosovo/Bosnia and in Afghanistan and Iraq.

Besides serving special forces and non-combatants alike, the MC-130 Combat Talon can also deliver bombs from the rear cargo hold, leaflets and can provide inflight refueling services to other aircraft.

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Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one aircraft design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the Lockheed MC-130H Combat Talon II Special Forces Transport Aircraft.
4 x Allison T56-A-15 turboprop engines delivering 4,910 shaft horsepower each.
Propulsion
300 mph
482 kph | 260 kts
Max Speed
32,808 ft
10,000 m | 6 miles
Service Ceiling
2,699 miles
4,344 km | 2,346 nm
Operational Range
1,830 ft/min
558 m/min
Rate-of-Climb
City-to-City Ranges
Operational range when compared to distances between major cities (in KM).
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Structure
The nose-to-tail, wingtip-to-wingtip physical qualities of the Lockheed MC-130H Combat Talon II Special Forces Transport Aircraft.
7
(MANNED)
Crew
99.7 ft
30.40 m
O/A Length
132.5 ft
(40.40 m)
O/A Width
38.4 ft
(11.70 m)
O/A Height
77,162 lb
(35,000 kg)
Empty Weight
153,772 lb
(69,750 kg)
MTOW
Design Balance
The three qualities reflected below are altitude, speed, and range. The more full the box, the more balanced the design.
RANGE
ALT
SPEED
Variants
Notable series variants as part of the Lockheed MC-130 Combat Talon (I / II) family line.
C-130 "Hercules" - Base Airframe
MC-130E - Special Forces conversion aircraft based on the C-130 airframe; appeared in 1966.
MC-130H - "Improved" MC-130; crew decreased by two; redesigned flight deck; updated controls and systems; increased passenger capacity; multi-role operation; appeared in 1992; 7 crew.
Operators
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the Lockheed MC-130 Combat Talon (I / II). Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national aircraft listing.

Total Production: 30 Units

Contractor(s): Lockheed Martin - USA
National flag of the United States

[ United States ]
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Image of the Lockheed MC-130 Combat Talon (I / II)
Front right side view of a Lockheed MC-130H Combat Talon II aircraft; image courtesy of the US DoD imagery database.

Going Further...
The Lockheed MC-130 Combat Talon (I / II) Special Forces Transport Aircraft appears in the following collections:
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