×
Aviation & Aerospace - Airpower 2024 - Aircraft by Country - Aircraft Manufacturers Vehicles & Artillery - Armor 2024 - Armor by Country - Armor Manufacturers Infantry Small Arms - Warfighter 2024 - Small Arms by Country - Arms Manufacturers Warships & Submarines - Navies 2024 - Ships by Country - Shipbuilders U.S. Military Pay 2024 Military Ranks Special Forces by Country

Seversky XP-41


Single-Seat, Single-Engine Fighter Prototype


United States | 1939



"The Seversky XP-41 was an American attempt at maximizing fighter design to better match the offerings originating from Europe."



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 10/31/2020 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
The forerunner of the Republic Aviation concern, makers of the World War 2-winning P-47 "Thunderbolt", was known as the Seversky Aircraft Company in 1931. The company was founded by the Russian ex-pat Alexander Seversky and eventually went on to produce America's first modern single-seat, single-engine fighter - the "P-35" (detailed elsewhere on this site). This aircraft was completed with metal skinning, an enclosed cockpit, and retractable undercarriage - considered all modern qualities in the interwar period.

While not an outstanding design by any regard (the design under-performed, was under-armed, and lacked agility), the series netted 196 production examples which went on to stock the inventories of the United States Army Air Corps (USAAC), the Swedish Air Force, and the Philippine Army Air Corps among others. The type then served as the basis for the Republic P-43 "Lancer" fighter, the predecessor to the famous P-47 Thunderbolt.

With the USAAC's support, Seversky took the P-35 as a starting point for a new, more powerful and lethal fighter. Seversky engineers returned to their drawing boards to produce a refined version of the P-35 with performance and qualities akin to European contemporaries that now included the British Supermarine "Spitfire" and the German Messerschmitt Bf 109. This meant a fighter that could outpace any known rival of the time, was well-armed, and held the agility needed to outperform any aggressor - the result of this work became the "XP-41".

The XP-41 was immediately differentiated by the extra two feet of airframe added to the fuselage to help extend the design from its original portly appearance. Engineers then did away with the exposed housings of the main landing gear legs for greater streamlining - a more common wide-track arrangement was added with folding door flaps that completely embedded the main legs into the design. The engine became an uprated Pratt & Whitney R-1830-10 outputting 1,200 horsepower and this turned a three-bladed propeller unit at the nose. A tightly-fitted cowling was designed for aerodynamic efficiency with a air scoop embedded at the portside wing root for the intended two-stage supercharger.

The single pilot sat under a "greenhouse" style canopy which integrated to the dorsal fuselage line - allowing for relatively good views from the cockpit. The straight mainplanes were given rounded tips and mounted low along the fuselage sides. The tail unit was of traditional plane arrangement - a single fin with low-mounted horizontal surfaces. A small tail-wheel was affixed under the structure for ground-running.

Proposed armament was modest: 1 x 0.50 caliber Heavy Machine Gun (HMG) with 1 x 0.30 caliber Medium Machine Gun (MMG).

The prototype took to the air for the first time during March of 1939, months before the official start of World War 2 (September 1st, 1939). A maximum speed of 325 miles-per-hour was reached in flight-testing at altitudes of 15,000 feet - proving the design sound. The wide track undercarriage made for better ground handling though views were still largely obstructed by the tail-dragger / nose-up stance, wide wing span, and long nose ahead of the pilot - though these were limitations of all monoplane fighters of the day.

Despite the promising showing and improved qualities, the XP-41 did not become a solution for the USAAC going forward. By the time of the American involvement in the war, more impressive designs had taken shape, leaving the XP-41 to serve as a stepping stone towards the ultimate Seversky/Republic fighter, the P-47 by way of the limited-production P-43.

The XP-41 was the last fighter design to bear the Seversky name - the company was reorganized and transitioned to the better-remembered "Republic Aviation" brand in 1939.

Content ©MilitaryFactory.com; No Reproduction Permitted.
Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one aircraft design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the Seversky XP-41 Single-Seat, Single-Engine Fighter Prototype.
1 x Pratt & Whitney R-1830-19 supercharged (two-stage) air-cooled radial piston engine developing 1,200 horsepower driving three-bladed propeller unit at the nose.
Propulsion
321 mph
517 kph | 279 kts
Max Speed
31,496 ft
9,600 m | 6 miles
Service Ceiling
727 miles
1,170 km | 632 nm
Operational Range
City-to-City Ranges
Operational range when compared to distances between major cities (in KM).
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Structure
The nose-to-tail, wingtip-to-wingtip physical qualities of the Seversky XP-41 Single-Seat, Single-Engine Fighter Prototype.
1
(MANNED)
Crew
26.9 ft
8.20 m
O/A Length
36.1 ft
(11.00 m)
O/A Width
12.5 ft
(3.80 m)
O/A Height
5,401 lb
(2,450 kg)
Empty Weight
7,220 lb
(3,275 kg)
MTOW
Design Balance
The three qualities reflected below are altitude, speed, and range. The more full the box, the more balanced the design.
RANGE
ALT
SPEED
Armament
Available supported armament and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the Seversky XP-41 Single-Seat, Single-Engine Fighter Prototype .
PROPOSED:
1 x 0.50 caliber Browning air-cooled heavy machine gun.
1 x 0.30 caliber Browning air-cooled medium machine gun.
Variants
Notable series variants as part of the Seversky XP-41 family line.
XP-41 - Base Project Designation; single prototype completed.
Operators
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the Seversky XP-41. Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national aircraft listing.

Total Production: 1 Units

Contractor(s): Seversky Aircraft - USA
National flag of the United States

[ United States (cancelled) ]
Relative Max Speed
Hi: 400mph
Lo: 200mph
Aircraft Max Listed Speed (321mph).

Graph Average of 300 MPH.
Era Crossover
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Showcasing Aircraft Era Crossover (if any)
Max Alt Visualization
Small airplane graphic
Production Comparison
1
36183
44000
Entry compared against Ilyushin IL-2 (military) and Cessna 172 (civilian) total production.
MACH Regime (Sonic)
Sub
Trans
Super
Hyper
HiHyper
ReEntry
RANGES (MPH) Subsonic: <614mph | Transonic: 614-921 | Supersonic: 921-3836 | Hypersonic: 3836-7673 | Hi-Hypersonic: 7673-19180 | Reentry: >19030
Aviation Timeline
EarlyYrs
WWI
Interwar
WWII
ColdWar
Postwar
Modern
Future
1 / 1
Image of the Seversky XP-41
Image from the Public Domain.

Mission Roles
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to airborne requirements.
AIR-TO-AIR COMBAT
X-PLANE
Recognition
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Similar
Developments of similar form-and-function, or related, to the Seversky XP-41 Single-Seat, Single-Engine Fighter Prototype.
Going Further...
The Seversky XP-41 Single-Seat, Single-Engine Fighter Prototype appears in the following collections:
HOME
AVIATION INDEX
AIRCRAFT BY COUNTRY
AIRCRAFT MANUFACTURERS
COMPARE AIRCRAFT
AIRCRAFT BY CONFLICT
AIRCRAFT BY TYPE
AIRCRAFT BY DECADE
WWII AIRCRAFT
X-PLANE AIRCRAFT
Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies

2024 Military Pay Scale Military Ranks U.S. DoD Dictionary Conversion Calculators Military Alphabet Code Military Map Symbols US 5-Star Generals WW2 Weapons by Country

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com. No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.

Part of a network of sites that includes Global Firepower, WDMMA.org, WDMMW.org, and World War Next.


©2024 www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-2024 (21yrs)