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Bombardier Challenger 600 (series)


Twin-Engined Business Jet


Canada | 1980



"Over 1,000 Challenger 600 series business jets have been produced to date by the Canadian aerospace company Bombardier."



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 06/12/2023 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
The Challenger 600 is a Cold War-era twin-jet / BizJet designed, developed, and manufactured by Bombardier of Canada. The aircraft's first-flight was recorded on November 8th, 1878 and serial production has been active since 1980. Over 1,000 airframes have been delivered and the line has been evolved into the CRJ100/200 and Global Express series. The original aircraft is based in a Bill Lear design taken up by Canadair for the bizjet market until taken over by Bombardier.

The aircraft sees the twin engine configuration seat the powerplants on wingstubs aft of midships to concentrate power and reduce noise. The operating crew of two are seated side-by-side in the cockpit aft of a sharp, downward-sloping nosecone assembly. The mainplanes are low-mounted along the sides of the fuselage and are swept rearwards and capped by winglets for fuel economy. The tail unit encompasses a single vertical fin with high-mounted horizontal planes (also rearward swept) in the conventional Multhopp "T-style" tailplane arrangement. Ground running is accomplished through a traditional tricycle (retractable) configuration.

The series have seen its share of production variants emerge: the original form was the CL-600 equipped with 2 x Lycoming ALF 502L turbofan engines of 7,500lb thrust each. Production of this mark ran until 1982. The CL-600S introduced the winglets common to the series since. The CC-144 served the Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) from 1982 onwards and the CE-144 marked its Electronic Warfare (EW) guise. From these early forms arrived the Challenger 601 with various modifications and revisions including new winglets and additional internal fuel stores.

The CL-604 carried GE CF34-3B turbofan engines and served the Danish military as the CL-504 MMA (Multi-Mission Aircraft). The C-143A was utilized by the USCG beginning in 2005 for over-water work. The CL-605 followed in 2006 and given a new tailcone, updated avionics, and revised cabin windows. The Challenger 650 took to the air for the first time in 2015 and certification followed soon after. This model includes an all-new interior with updated avionics and uprated power specs. The Model 650 has an MTOW of 48,200lb, and is powered by a pair of GE CF34-3B engines of 9,220lb thrust each, propelled the jet to speeds of March 0.85 out to a range of 4,600 miles. Its service ceiling is listed at 41,000 feet.

The series has gone on to be featured in both business and military roles with operators ranging from Algeria and Australia to the UAE and the USA, such is its versatility and reliability under varying operating environments and roles.

Content ©MilitaryFactory.com; No Reproduction Permitted.

June 2020 - The Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) is planning to purchase two Challenger 650 aircraft.

Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one aircraft design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the Challenger 600 Twin-Engined Business Jet.
2 x General Electric CF34-3B non-afterburning turbofan engines developing 9,220lb of thrust each.
Propulsion
565 mph
910 kph | 491 kts
Max Speed
41,010 ft
12,500 m | 8 miles
Service Ceiling
4,604 miles
7,410 km | 4,001 nm
Operational Range
City-to-City Ranges
Operational range when compared to distances between major cities (in KM).
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Structure
The nose-to-tail, wingtip-to-wingtip physical qualities of the Challenger 600 Twin-Engined Business Jet.
2
(MANNED)
Crew
68.6 ft
20.90 m
O/A Length
64.0 ft
(19.50 m)
O/A Width
20.7 ft
(6.30 m)
O/A Height
27,150 lb
(12,315 kg)
Empty Weight
48,281 lb
(21,900 kg)
MTOW
Design Balance
The three qualities reflected below are altitude, speed, and range. The more full the box, the more balanced the design.
RANGE
ALT
SPEED
Variants
Notable series variants as part of the Bombardier Challenger 600 (series) family line.
CL-600 - Base Series Designation; original production model.
CL-600S
CC-144
CE-144
CX-144
CL-601
CL-601-1A
CL-601-1A/ER
CL-601-3A
CL-601-3A/ER
CL-601-3R
CL-601S - Fitted with General Electric CF34-3A2 turbofan engines.
Operators
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the Bombardier Challenger 600 (series). Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national aircraft listing.

Total Production: 1,066 Units

Contractor(s): Bombardier Aerospace - Canada
National flag of Australia National flag of Canada National flag of China National flag of Croatia National flag of Czechia National flag of Denmark National flag of modern Germany National flag of Jordan National flag of Malaysia National flag of Pakistan National flag of Qatar National flag of South Korea National flag of Switzerland National flag of Thailand National flag of Turkmenistan National flag of the United Arab Emirates National flag of the United Kingdom National flag of the United States

[ Australia; Canada; China; Croatia; Czech Republic; Denmark; Germany; Hong Kong; Jordan; Malaysia; Pakistan; Qatar; South Korea; Switzerland; Thailand; Turkmenistan; United Arab Emirates; United Kingdom; United States ]
Relative Max Speed
Hi: 750mph
Lo: 375mph
Aircraft Max Listed Speed (565mph).

Graph Average of 563 MPH.
Era Crossover
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Showcasing Aircraft Era Crossover (if any)
Max Alt Visualization
Small airplane graphic
Production Comparison
1066
36183
44000
Entry compared against Ilyushin IL-2 (military) and Cessna 172 (civilian) total production.
MACH Regime (Sonic)
Sub
Trans
Super
Hyper
HiHyper
ReEntry
RANGES (MPH) Subsonic: <614mph | Transonic: 614-921 | Supersonic: 921-3836 | Hypersonic: 3836-7673 | Hi-Hypersonic: 7673-19180 | Reentry: >19030
Aviation Timeline
EarlyYrs
WWI
Interwar
WWII
ColdWar
Postwar
Modern
Future
1 / 1
Image of the Bombardier Challenger 600 (series)
Image from official Bombardier marketing materials; Challenger 650 pictured.

Mission Roles
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to airborne requirements.
BIZJET
VIP SERVICE
Recognition
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
The Bombardier Challenger 600 (series) Twin-Engined Business Jet appears in the following collections:
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