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Breguet Br.1002

Jet-and-Rocket-Powered Mach 2 Interceptor Proposal [ 1953 ]

The Breguet Br.1002 was a missile-carrying, interceptor-minded offshoot of the supersonic Br.1001 strike fighter project for NATO forces.

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 02/23/2019 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.

Back in 1953, design studies undertaken by the Breguet concern of France resulted in the development and ultimate flight of the Br.1001 "Taon", a single-seat strike fighter project of 1957 intended as a "common" platform for the newly-founded NATO and its various European participants. During this time, the same air frame was also furthered down the path of a missile-carrying interceptor, the proposed - but ultimately-abadoned - "Br.1002".

The Br.1002 was a direct offshoot of the Br.1001 work but, instead of incorporating the latter's Bristol Siddeley "Orpheus" single turbojet engine arrangement, a twin Armstrong Siddeley "Viper" configuration was selected instead. This was to help the interceptor reach the expected speed of Mach 2.0. Also, the bifurcated air intake of the Br.1001 was revised to a nose-mounted design complete with shock cone (as in the much more famous Soviet Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21 "Fishbed" interceptor). The cockpit was retained just aft of the short nose section and the horizontal tailplanes were fitted to the single rudder fin itself. The mainplanes were mid-mounted and showcased a great deal of sweepback (approximately 45-degrees) for the proposed speeds required of this machine. A tricycle undercarriage was to figure into the design for ground-running and be of a reinforced nature to allow for operations on rough fields.

To achieve the quick-reaction needed of an interceptor of the Cold War period (1947-1991), the twin turbojet engines would be supplemented by an SEPR rocket motor for boost power. This unit would be installed under the tail and under the twin exhaust ports of the turbojets. All told, the Viper turbojets would have outputted 2,025lb of thrust each with the rocket adding an additional (albeit short-lived) 3,375lb of thrust power. Estimated straight line speeds would have reached in the vicinity of Mach 1.5.

As a missile-carrying interceptor, the aircraft was drawn up with a single air-to-air missile held semi-recessed under the belly. Beyond this, no other air-to-air weapons were noted.

As fleshed out, the interceptor was originally given an overall length of 27.10 feet with a span of 21.3 feet. Gross weight was to reach around 8,665lb. After some modification, however, the fuselage was considerably lengthened to 42.7 feet while the wings were appropriately stretched to a span of 24.7 feet.

Despite its relatively promising nature, the supersonic Br.1002 ended its days as nothing more than a "paper" airplane, a product of post-World War 2 French jet fighter design that would join many others going from the drawing boards to the file cabinet and, ultimately, falling away to history. It appears that there were enough issues already plaguing the design on paper that kept the project from advancing within the company ranks.©MilitaryFactory.com
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Service Year

France national flag graphic

Development Ended.


National flag of France France (cancelled)
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Air-to-Air Combat, Fighter
General ability to actively engage other aircraft of similar form and function, typically through guns, missiles, and/or aerial rockets.
Ability to intercept inbound aerial threats by way of high-performance, typically speed and rate-of-climb.
X-Plane (Developmental, Prototype, Technology Demonstrator)
Aircraft developed for the role of prototyping, technology demonstration, or research / data collection.

42.7 ft
(13.00 m)
24.6 ft
(7.50 m)
12.1 ft
(3.70 m)
Empty Wgt
6,614 lb
(3,000 kg)
9,921 lb
(4,500 kg)
Wgt Diff
+3,307 lb
(+1,500 kg)
(Showcased structural values pertain to the base Breguet Br.1002 production variant)
Installed: 2 x Armstrong Siddeley "Viper" turbojet engines developing 2,2025lb of thrust each; 1 x SEPR (unknown model series) rocket booster engine developing an additional 3,375lb of thrust.
Max Speed
1,153 mph
(1,855 kph | 1,002 kts)
60,039 ft
(18,300 m | 11 mi)
621 mi
(1,000 km | 1,852 nm)
5,000 ft/min
(1,524 m/min)

♦ MACH Regime (Sonic)
RANGES (MPH) Subsonic: <614mph | Transonic: 614-921 | Supersonic: 921-3836 | Hypersonic: 3836-7673 | Hi-Hypersonic: 7673-19180 | Reentry: >19030

(Showcased performance specifications pertain to the base Breguet Br.1002 production variant. Performance specifications showcased above are subject to environmental factors as well as aircraft configuration. Estimates are made when Real Data not available. Compare this aircraft entry against any other in our database or View aircraft by powerplant type)
1 x Air-to-Air Missile (AAM) semi-recessed under fuselage centerline.

Supported Types

Graphical image of an air-to-air missile weapon
Graphical image of a short-range air-to-air missile

(Not all ordnance types may be represented in the showcase above)
Hardpoint Mountings: 1

Br.1002 - Base Project Designation.

General Assessment
Values are derrived from a variety of categories related to the design, overall function, and historical influence of this aircraft in aviation history.
Overall Rating
The overall rating takes into account over 60 individual factors related to this aircraft entry.
Rating is out of a possible 100 points.
Relative Maximum Speed
Hi: 1200mph
Lo: 600mph
This entry's maximum listed speed (1,153mph).

Graph average of 900 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
Breguet Br.1002 operational range when compared to distances between major cities (in KM).
Max Altitude Visualization
Small airplane graphic
Design Balance
The three qualities reflected above are altitude, speed, and range.
Aviation Era Span
Pie graph section
Showcasing era cross-over of this aircraft design.

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