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Antonov An-28 (Cash)

Light Utility, Short Take-Off and Landing (STOL) Aircraft [ 1986 ]

Just under 200 examples of the Antonov An-28 STOL aircraft were built by the Soviet Union and Ukraine from 1975 until 1993.

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 08/29/2018 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.

The Antonov An-28 (NATO Codename of "Cash") was born from the Cold War period (1947-1991) in Ukraine as a high-winged, twin-engine, turbo-prop-powered utility aircraft. The series was a further evolution of the earlier An-14 line and a first-flight in prototype form occurred in September of 1969 (though service introduction stalled until 1986). Production of the series spanned from 1975 until 1993 to which 191 examples were completed and the An-28 went on to form the basis of the similar An-38 regional turboprop airliner of 2000.

The high-winged nature of the aircraft (and others like it) promoted inherently strong lifting properties and excellent control at low-and-slow speeds. The main wing members were braced at their span to the lower sides of the fuselage and the overall configuration aided in Short-Take-Off-and-Landing (STOL) actions while the general ruggedness of the airframe and undercarriage allowed for some level of rough-field operation. The general appearance of the fuselage was slab-sided with windowed sides and a lightly framed cockpit section. The tail unit was raised to allow for better ground access to the cargo section of the aircraft. The tail unit utilized a twin-rudder/fin arrangement carried over from the An-14. The undercarriage consisted of a wheeled tricycle arrangement that remained fixed in flight - negating the need for any complex and expensive retractable system.

The original designation for the product was "An-14A" as it served as an extension of that line. It emerged in prototype form as the "An-14M" and evolved into the production-quality "An-28" - but only three of this mark were completed.

The An-28 could be operated with a crew of one or two and carry up to eighteen passengers in some comfort. The cabin could also be rearranged to carry cargo. Overall length of the aircraft reached 42.57 feet with a wingspan measuring 72.18 feet and a height of 15.08 feet. Empty weight was 8,600lb against an MTOW of 13,450lb. Power was from 2 x Glushenkov TVD-10B turboprop engines of 960 horsepower each. These were used to drive three-bladed propeller units. Performance of the model included a maximum speed of 220 miles per hour, a range out to 320 miles and a service ceiling of 19,700 feet. Rate-of-climb was 2,360 feet-per-minute.

The An-28RM "Bryza" 1RM was a modified air-ambulance / Search And Rescue (SAR) platform and the An-28TD "Bryza" 1TD was evolved as a general transport model. The An-28PT of 1993 was equipped with 2 x Pratt & Whitney turboprop engines instead of the original Soviet fits. A first-flight of this mark was recorded on July 22nd, 1993.

Despite its modest production total, the An-28 went on to see global service in both civilian and military marketplaces (though some carriers have since given up on the line due to age). Current (2018) civilian operators include Armenia, Russia and Tajikistan. Current military operators involve Georgia and Tanzania.©MilitaryFactory.com
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Service Year

Soviet Union national flag graphic
Soviet Union

In Limited Service.


Antonov - Soviet Union / Ukraine
(View other Aviaton-Related Manufacturers)
National flag of Armenia National flag of Georgia National flag of Kazakhstan National flag of Kyrgyzstan National flag of Peru National flag of Russia National flag of the Soviet Union National flag of Tajikistan National flag of Tanzania Armenia; Djibouti; Estonia; Georgia; Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Moldova; Peru; Russia; Soviet Union (former); Suriname; Tajikistan; Tanzania
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Special-Mission: MEDical EVACuation (MEDEVAC)
Extraction of wounded combat or civilian elements by way of specialized onboard equipment and available internal volume or external carrying capability.
Special-Mission: Search & Rescue (SAR)
Ability to locate and extract personnel from areas of potential harm or peril (i.e. downed airmen in the sea).
General transport functionality to move supplies/cargo or personnel (including wounded and VIP) over range.
Commercial Aviation
Used in roles serving the commercial aviation market, ferrying both passengers and goods over range.

42.6 ft
(12.98 m)
72.2 ft
(22.00 m)
15.1 ft
(4.60 m)
Empty Wgt
8,818 lb
(4,000 kg)
13,448 lb
(6,100 kg)
Wgt Diff
+4,630 lb
(+2,100 kg)
(Showcased structural values pertain to the Antonov An-28 production variant)
Installed: 2 x Glushenkov TVD-10B OR2 x Pratt & Whitney Canada (PWC) PT6A-65B turboprop engines developing 960 horsepower each driving three-bladed propeller units.
Max Speed
221 mph
(355 kph | 192 kts)
19,685 ft
(6,000 m | 4 mi)
317 mi
(510 km | 945 nm)
2,360 ft/min
(719 m/min)

♦ MACH Regime (Sonic)
RANGES (MPH) Subsonic: <614mph | Transonic: 614-921 | Supersonic: 921-3836 | Hypersonic: 3836-7673 | Hi-Hypersonic: 7673-19180 | Reentry: >19030

(Showcased performance specifications pertain to the Antonov An-28 production variant. Performance specifications showcased above are subject to environmental factors as well as aircraft configuration. Estimates are made when Real Data not available. Compare this aircraft entry against any other in our database or View aircraft by powerplant type)

Supported Types

(Not all ordnance types may be represented in the showcase above)
An-14 - Base Series Designation
An-14M - Prototype model designation
An-28 - Utility model; three examples completed.
An-28RM "Bryza" 1RM - Search and Rescue (SAR) and MEDEVAC platform.
An-28TD "Bryza" 1TD - Dedicated transport model.
An-28PT - Model of 1993; fitted with Pratt & Whitney Canada turboprop engines.

General Assessment
Values are derrived from a variety of categories related to the design, overall function, and historical influence of this aircraft in aviation history.
Overall Rating
The overall rating takes into account over 60 individual factors related to this aircraft entry.
Rating is out of a possible 100 points.
Relative Maximum Speed
Hi: 300mph
Lo: 150mph
This entry's maximum listed speed (221mph).

Graph average of 225 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
Antonov An-28 operational range when compared to distances between major cities (in KM).
Max Altitude Visualization
Small airplane graphic
Design Balance
The three qualities reflected above are altitude, speed, and range.
Aviation Era Span
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Showcasing era cross-over of this aircraft design.
Unit Production (191)
Compared against Ilyushin IL-2 (military) and Cessna 172 (civilian).

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