×
Aviation & Aerospace - Airpower 2024 - Aircraft by Country - Aircraft Manufacturers Vehicles & Artillery - Armor 2024 - Armor by Country - Armor Manufacturers Infantry Small Arms - Warfighter 2024 - Small Arms by Country - Arms Manufacturers Warships & Submarines - Navies 2024 - Ships by Country - Shipbuilders U.S. Military Pay 2024 Military Ranks Special Forces by Country

Avia S-199 (Bf 109G)


Single-Seat Monoplane Fighter


Czechoslovakia | 1948



"The German wartime Messerschmitt Bf 109 fighter became the S-199 in post-war Czech Air Force and Israeli Air Force service."



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 09/15/2021 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
The Messerschmitt Bf 109 became one of the classic fighting aircraft of World War 2 (1939-1945), being progressively updated throughout the conflict to keep the line viable. The type was produced in the tens of thousands and proved the perfect counter to the English Supermarine Spitfire for her entire involvement in the war. The line was so successful that many forms soldiered on into the post-war years under various guises and with various global operators.

Towards the end of the conflict, Avia of Czechoslovakia was charged with producing the Bf 109G (G-6 and G-14 models) single-seat fighters as well as the related Bf 109G-12, a twin-seat flight training platform. Despite this initiative, the war in Europe was over in May of 1945, leaving Czechoslovakia with large supplies of Bf 109 airframes without owners. This led to the company to completing at least twenty-one Bf 109G-6 fighters under the factory designation of "C-10" and these were operated by the Czechoslovakians as the "S-99". The training version, of which twenty-three were completed, became the "CS-99". The S-99 was issued to the Czechoslovakian National Air Guard.

By and large, these aircraft were faithful to their wartime counterparts but lack of additional Daimler-Benz DB605 inline engines soon meant that Avia was forced to find a suitable powerplant replacement - so this became the Junkers Jumo 211F V-12 inline engine of 1,350 horsepower which were readily available to the company (and also powered the wartime Heinkel He 111 medium bombers of Germany). The end result was a Bf 109 offshoot designated locally as the "S-199" and, in both form and function, the S-199 was essentially a re-engined Bf 109G model. Armament included 2 x 20mm MG151/20 cannons under the wings and 2 x 13mm MG131 machine guns over the nose. The hub-mounted cannon was not included in the armament mix. Beyond the standard, fixed weaponry was provision to carry a single 551lb bomb or up to 4 x 155lb bombs.

A prototype S-199 went airborne for the first time in March of 1947.

The Czechoslovakia Air Force received its first S-199 in February of 1948 and production by Avia eventually totaled 559 aircraft. The reworked fighter was not an outright success for it proved to have poor handling when compared to the original incarnation mainly due to the replacement engine fit. There was also a possibility of the synchronizing gear for the cowl machine guns to fail and have the pilot shoot off his own propeller during flight. Nevertheless, it was available in the numbers necessary and provided local industry with work and Czech airmen with a flying classroom. Production of the S-199 spanned into 1951 and beyond the S-199 fighter version was the armed CS-199 trainer form (built from the S-199 stock) and the unarmed C-210 trainer form. The D-199 was a dedicated reconnaissance platform.

Israel become the other prominent S-199 operator when, in May of 1948, the country secured an order for twenty-five of the fighters to stock its newly-founded Israeli Air Force (IAF). These quickly formed the IAF's first fighter squadron (101 Squadron and were pressed into combat service against neighboring Egypt as soon as they were readied. These aircraft were used in the air-to-air and air-to-ground role and claimed the first Israeli air victories in IAF history. Despite their seemingly good showing, the fighters were not well-liked by air and ground crews due to their reliability and combat performance. The type also proved tough to keep flying under combat conditions.

As completed, the S-199 featured an overall length of 29.3 feet, a wingspan of 32.5 feet and a height of 8.5 feet. Empty weight was 5,850lb against an MTOW of 8,245lb. Performance included a maximum speed of 370 miles per hour with a combat radius of 530 miles and a service ceiling reaching 28,500 feet. Rate-of-climb was 2,200 feet-per-minute.

Content ©MilitaryFactory.com; No Reproduction Permitted.
Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one aircraft design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the Avia S-199 Single-Seat Monoplane Fighter.
1 x Junkers Jumo 211F V-12 inverted Vee, liquid-cooled inline piston engine developing 1,322 horsepower and driving a three-bladed propeller at the nose.
Propulsion
367 mph
590 kph | 319 kts
Max Speed
28,494 ft
8,685 m | 5 miles
Service Ceiling
621 miles
1,000 km | 540 nm
Operational Range
2,200 ft/min
671 m/min
Rate-of-Climb
City-to-City Ranges
Operational range when compared to distances between major cities (in KM).
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Structure
The nose-to-tail, wingtip-to-wingtip physical qualities of the Avia S-199 Single-Seat Monoplane Fighter.
1
(MANNED)
Crew
29.4 ft
8.95 m
O/A Length
32.5 ft
(9.92 m)
O/A Width
8.5 ft
(2.60 m)
O/A Height
5,842 lb
(2,650 kg)
Empty Weight
8,245 lb
(3,740 kg)
MTOW
Design Balance
The three qualities reflected below are altitude, speed, and range. The more full the box, the more balanced the design.
RANGE
ALT
SPEED
Armament
Available supported armament and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the Avia S-199 (Bf 109G) Single-Seat Monoplane Fighter .
STANDARD, FIXED:
2 x 20mm MG 151/20 cannons
2 x 13mm MG 131 Heavy Machine Guns (HMGs)

OPTIONAL:
1 x 551lb bomb OR 4 x 155lb bombs.
Variants
Notable series variants as part of the Avia S-199 (Bf 109G) family line.
S-199 - Base Series Designation
S-99 (C.10) - Variant based on the Bf 109G-6 production model; 21 examples completed.
CS-99 (C.10) - Two-seat training variant based on the Bf 109G-12 production model; 23 examples completed.
S-199 (C.210) - Definitive production model; fitted with Junkers Jumo 211F inline piston engine; 559 examples completed.
CS-199 - Two-seat training variant based on the S-199 production model.
D-199 - Dedicated reconnaissance variant
Operators
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the Avia S-199 (Bf 109G). Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national aircraft listing.

Total Production: 603 Units

Contractor(s): Avia Motors - Czechoslovakia
National flag of Czechia National flag of Israel

[ Czechoslovakia; Israel ]
Relative Max Speed
Hi: 400mph
Lo: 200mph
Aircraft Max Listed Speed (367mph).

Graph Average of 300 MPH.
Era Crossover
Pie graph section
Showcasing Aircraft Era Crossover (if any)
Max Alt Visualization
Small airplane graphic
Production Comparison
603
36183
44000
Entry compared against Ilyushin IL-2 (military) and Cessna 172 (civilian) total production.
MACH Regime (Sonic)
Sub
Trans
Super
Hyper
HiHyper
ReEntry
RANGES (MPH) Subsonic: <614mph | Transonic: 614-921 | Supersonic: 921-3836 | Hypersonic: 3836-7673 | Hi-Hypersonic: 7673-19180 | Reentry: >19030
Aviation Timeline
EarlyYrs
WWI
Interwar
WWII
ColdWar
Postwar
Modern
Future
1 / 1
Image of the Avia S-199 (Bf 109G)
Image copyright www.MilitaryFactory.com; No Reproduction Permitted.

Mission Roles
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to airborne requirements.
AIR-TO-AIR COMBAT
INTERCEPTION
GROUND ATTACK
Recognition
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
The Avia S-199 (Bf 109G) Single-Seat Monoplane Fighter appears in the following collections:
HOME
AVIATION INDEX
AIRCRAFT BY COUNTRY
AIRCRAFT MANUFACTURERS
COMPARE AIRCRAFT
AIRCRAFT BY CONFLICT
AIRCRAFT BY TYPE
AIRCRAFT BY DECADE
COLD WAR AIRCRAFT
WARSAW PACT AIRCRAFT
Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies

2024 Military Pay Scale Military Ranks U.S. DoD Dictionary Conversion Calculators Military Alphabet Code Military Map Symbols US 5-Star Generals WW2 Weapons by Country

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com. No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.

Part of a network of sites that includes Global Firepower, WDMMA.org, WDMMW.org, and World War Next.


©2024 www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-2024 (21yrs)