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ATR 72 (Avions de Transport Regional Model 72)


Twin-Engine, Turboprop-Powered Regional Passenger Airliner


France | 1989



"Operators aplenty as the joint Italian-French ATR 72 has proven a commercial success as a regional airliner for a multitude of operators worldwide."



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 10/13/2021 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
ATR (Aerei da Trasporto Reionale / Avions de Transport Regional) was founded in 1981 as a joint venture between Aeritalia (now Leonardo) of Italy and Aerospatiale (now Airbus) of France. The company gained a modest following with their introduction of the "ATR 42" in 1985. Over 450 of the type followed in production and this design went on to serve as the basis for the larger "ATR 72" product.

Like the ATR 42, the ATR 72 incorporated a high-wing mainplane arrangement offering strong lifting properties and good short-field operation. A "T-style" tail unit was used and a rounded, slim fuselage brought all of the components together in a single sleek offering. The undercarriage was wheeled and retractable. The engines were slung under the wing mainplanes and installed within streamlined nacelles. First-flight of a prototype was on October 27th, 1988 and service introduction (through Finnair) followed on October 27th, 1989. Over 900 of the type have been produced to date (2017) and several major variants have emerged throughout its run. The design has seen service in both civilian and military sectors, the latter being the Italian Air Force, the Pakistan Navy and the Turkish Navy.

Variants

The original form was the ATR 72-100 which incorporated the ATR 72-101 of September 1989 powered by 2 x Pratt & Whitney Canada PW124B engines and featuring two crew access doors along the fuselage sides. The ATR 72-102 arrived in late-1989 with the same engines but a cargo door fitted at front and a crew door at rear. The ATR 72-200 was offered with PW124B engines of 2,400 horsepower (each). The ATR 72-201 and ATR 72-202 were primary products of the group and both featured increased MTOW because of the engine change. The ATR 72-210 sported a larger cargo door for improved access and a switch was made to PW127 engines of 2,750 horsepower (each). The powerplants gave the aircraft better "hot and high" performance and was fitted to both the ATR 72-211 and ATR 72-212 models of late 1992.

The ATR 72-212A, appearing in early 1997, was offered with a choice of engines - PW127F or PW127M. Each engine turned six-bladed propellers and performance was improved as a result (including MTOW). Additional benefits were added to the cockpit to help streamline operations. The ATR 72-500 was originally showcased as the ATR 72-500. A version with slightly different equipment was seen as the ATR 72-600.

The ATR 72-212A

The ATR 72-212A is crewed by two and seats 70 passengers. Overall length is 89 feet with a wingspan of 88.8 feet and a height of 25 feet. Empty weight is 28,682lb against a MTOW of 50,705lb. Performance includes a cruise speed of 315 mph, a range out to 950 miles and a service ceiling of 25,000 feet. Rate-of-climb is 1,355 feet-per-minute.

Other Forms

The ATR 72 ASW variant was built to serve as a maritime (over water) patrol platform in military spheres. The design was built atop the framework of the ATR 72-212A offering and held provision for various navy-centric armament such as anti-ship missiles, torpedoes and depth charges. Beyond their given submarine-hunting capabilities, the aircraft could also be used in the Search And Rescue (SAR) role when needed.

The ATR 80 was a follow-up model intended to seat more passengers (78). A pair of Allison AE2100 turboprop engines were to power the aircraft. This project did not see much advancement.

The ATR 72 Today

The ATR 72 family continues in active service with various global operators. Its flying has, however, been marred by accidents - the first major one recorded in October of 1994 when an American Eagle flight crashed in Indiana (USA) killing all aboard. More recently, on February 4th, 2015, an ATR 72 operating under the banner of TransAsia Airways crashed into the Keelung River of Taipei - just fifteen of the 58 aboard survived. The devastating accident was caught on camera.

Content ©MilitaryFactory.com; No Reproduction Permitted.

March 2017 - The ATR 72MP (72-600) series aircraft was unveiled at the Langkawi International Maritime and Aerospace (LIMA) exhibition in Langkawi, Malaysia.

February 2018 - Iran Aseman Airlines lost an ATR 72 with sixty-six souls aboard on February 18th, 2018.

July 2018 - On July 17th, 2018, ATR announced the delivery of its 1,000th ATR 72 aircraft, marking a milestone for the 1980s-era project formed from the original French-Italian partnership.

October 2021 - ASL Aviation Holdings of Ireland has announced its intention to convert as many as ten ATR 72 airframes to hydrogen power through its partnership with Universal Hydrogen.

Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one aircraft design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the ATR 72-600 Twin-Engine, Turboprop-Powered Regional Passenger Airliner.
2 x Pratt & Whitney Canada PW127F turboprop engines developing 2,475 horsepower each.
Propulsion
317 mph
510 kph | 275 kts
Max Speed
25,000 ft
7,620 m | 5 miles
Service Ceiling
951 miles
1,530 km | 826 nm
Operational Range
1,355 ft/min
413 m/min
Rate-of-Climb
City-to-City Ranges
Operational range when compared to distances between major cities (in KM).
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Structure
The nose-to-tail, wingtip-to-wingtip physical qualities of the ATR 72-600 Twin-Engine, Turboprop-Powered Regional Passenger Airliner.
2
(MANNED)
Crew
89.1 ft
27.17 m
O/A Length
88.6 ft
(27.00 m)
O/A Width
25.1 ft
(7.65 m)
O/A Height
28,660 lb
(13,000 kg)
Empty Weight
50,265 lb
(22,800 kg)
MTOW
Design Balance
The three qualities reflected below are altitude, speed, and range. The more full the box, the more balanced the design.
RANGE
ALT
SPEED
Variants
Notable series variants as part of the ATR 72 (Avions de Transport Regional Model 72) family line.
ATR 72 - Base Series Designation
ATR 72-100 - Family name; model of 1989
ATR 72-101 - Dual passenger doors; PW124B engines
ATR 72-102 - Front cargo, rear passenger doors; PW124B engines.
ATR 72-200 - Family name; model of 1989
ATR 72-201 - Increased MTOW
ATR 72-202 - Increased MTOW
ATR 72-210 - Family name; model of 1992
ATR 72-211 - PW127 engines
ATR 72-212 - PW127 engines
ATR 72-212A - PW127F or PW127M engines; six-bladed propeller units; increased MTOW; improved performance; revised cockpit.
ATR 72-500 - Early market name for ATR 72-212A model
ATR 72-600 - Early market name for ATR 72-212A model; featuring revised equipment.
ATR 72 ASW - Military Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) platform.
ATR 72 CARGO - Freighter model
ATR 72 CORP - Corporate passenger model
ATR 82 - Proposed 78-seat version; abandoned.
ATR QC - Proposed "Quick Change" conversion offering to serve both passenger hauling and cargo transport markets.
ATR 72MP - Maritime Patrol variant
P-72 - Italian Air Force designation of the ATR 72MP model.
Operators
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the ATR 72 (Avions de Transport Regional Model 72). Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national aircraft listing.

Total Production: 906 Units

Contractor(s): Avions de Transport Regional (ATR) - France
National flag of Albania National flag of Algeria National flag of Australia National flag of Azerbaijan National flag of Bangladesh National flag of Belgium National flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina National flag of Brazil National flag of Canada National flag of China National flag of Colombia National flag of Cuba National flag of Denmark National flag of Equatorial Guinea National flag of France National flag of Finland National flag of modern Germany National flag of Indonesia National flag of Iran National flag of Ireland National flag of Israel National flag of Italy National flag of Malaysia National flag of Morocco National flag of Myanmar National flag of New Zealand National flag of Nigeria National flag of Oman National flag of the Philippines National flag of Poland National flag of Romania National flag of Russia National flag of Serbia National flag of South Africa National flag of Spain National flag of Sweden National flag of Switzerland National flag of Syria National flag of Taiwan National flag of Tanzania National flag of Thailand National flag of Turkey National flag of Tunisia National flag of Ukraine National flag of the United States National flag of Uruguay National flag of Vietnam National flag of Venezuela National flag of Yugoslavia

[ Albania; Algeria; Antigua; Australia; Azerbaijan; Bangladesh; Belgium; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Botswana; Brazil; Cambodia; Canada; Cape Verde; China; Colombia; Cuba; Denmark; Equatorial Guinea; Fiji; Finland; France; French Polynesia; Germany; Indonesia; Iran; Ireland; Israel; Italy; Kenya; Laos; Madagascar; Malaysia; Mauritius; Morocco; Myanmar; New Caledonia; New Zealand; Nepal; Nigeria; Oman; Philippines; Poland; Romania; Russia; Serbia; South Africa; Spain; Sweden; Switzerland; Syria; Tanzania; Taiwan; Thailand; Trinidad and Tobago; Turkey; Tunisia; Ukraine; Uruguay; United States; Venezuela; Vietnam; Yugoslavia ]
Relative Max Speed
Hi: 400mph
Lo: 200mph
Aircraft Max Listed Speed (317mph).

Graph Average of 300 MPH.
Era Crossover
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Showcasing Aircraft Era Crossover (if any)
Max Alt Visualization
Small airplane graphic
Production Comparison
906
36183
44000
Entry compared against Ilyushin IL-2 (military) and Cessna 172 (civilian) total production.
MACH Regime (Sonic)
Sub
Trans
Super
Hyper
HiHyper
ReEntry
RANGES (MPH) Subsonic: <614mph | Transonic: 614-921 | Supersonic: 921-3836 | Hypersonic: 3836-7673 | Hi-Hypersonic: 7673-19180 | Reentry: >19030
Aviation Timeline
EarlyYrs
WWI
Interwar
WWII
ColdWar
Postwar
Modern
Future
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Image of the ATR 72 (Avions de Transport Regional Model 72)
Image from official ATR marketing material.

Mission Roles
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to airborne requirements.
GROUND ATTACK
AIRBORNE EARLY WARNING
ANTI-SUBMARINE WARFARE
ANTI-SHIP
ELECTRONIC WARFARE
MEDEVAC
SEARCH & RESCUE
TRANSPORT
COMMERCIAL AVIATION
VIP SERVICE
RECONNAISSANCE
Recognition
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
The ATR 72 (Avions de Transport Regional Model 72) Twin-Engine, Turboprop-Powered Regional Passenger Airliner appears in the following collections:
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