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Lockheed L-100 Hercules

Civilian Cargo Transport Aircraft

United States | 1965

"The Lockheed L-100 became the civilian-minded cargo transport version of the globally-popular C-130 Hercules line."

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 09/02/2018 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
The excellent hauling capabilities and military market success that was the Lockheed C-130 Hercules transport eventually yielded a civilian market form as the L-100 Hercules. Its prototype first flew on April 20th, 1964 to which the aircraft was introduced for civilian airspace operations on September 30th, 1965. The L-100 retains the same form and function of the original C-130 including its excellent handling capabilities and short-field hauling qualities. Production netted 114 aircraft in all with the last built in 1992. The L-100 was recognized by Lockheed as company "Model 382", the production form based on this as the "Model 382B".

Following the original L-100s was the L-100-20 of 1968 which included a fuselage stretch for additional internal volume. The L-100-30 saw a further lengthening of the fuselage that added nearly seven feet. The entire line was then modernized in the LM-100J.

In the L-100-30, the crew numbers three minimum and includes two pilots and a flight engineer. Patload capacity is 51,000lbs with a Maximum Take-Off Weight (MTOW) of 155,000lbs. Power is served through 4 x Allison 501-D22A series turboprop engines developing 4,500 horsepower each. Maximum speed is 355 miles per hour with a cruise speed of 335 miles per hour. Round-trip range is 1,535 miles with a ferry range of 5,555 miles out. The aircraft features a service ceiling of 23,000 feet and a rate-of-climb of 1,830 feet per minute.

Dimensions include a length of 112 feet, 9 inches, a wingspan of 132 feet, 7 inches and a height of 38 feet, 3 inches.

Despite its civilian-minded design, the L-100 was still adopted by the militaries of Algeria, Kuwait, Indonesia, Philippines and Saudi Arabia among others. Despite the military shift towards the much improved C-130J "Super Hercules", the L-100 has not followed suit to date - though a February 2014 report suggests Lockheed will reactivate the initiative soon. This would then produce the L-100J designation.

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Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one aircraft design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the Lockheed L-100-30 Hercules Civilian Cargo Transport Aircraft.
4 x Allison 501-D22A turboprop engines developing 4,510 horsepower each.
354 mph
570 kph | 308 kts
Max Speed
22,966 ft
7,000 m | 4 miles
Service Ceiling
5,592 miles
9,000 km | 4,860 nm
Operational Range
1,830 ft/min
558 m/min
City-to-City Ranges
Operational range when compared to distances between major cities (in KM).
The nose-to-tail, wingtip-to-wingtip physical qualities of the Lockheed L-100-30 Hercules Civilian Cargo Transport Aircraft.
112.9 ft
34.40 m
O/A Length
131.2 ft
(40.00 m)
O/A Width
38.1 ft
(11.60 m)
O/A Height
77,713 lb
(35,250 kg)
Empty Weight
154,985 lb
(70,300 kg)
Design Balance
The three qualities reflected below are altitude, speed, and range. The more full the box, the more balanced the design.
Notable series variants as part of the Lockheed L-100 Hercules family line.
L-100 "Hercules" - Base Series Designation
L-100 Model 382 - Prototype model of 1964
L-100 Model 382B - Initial production models
L-100-20 - Lengthened fuselage; appearing in 1968
L-100-30 - Lengthened fuselage
LM-100J "Super Hercules" - Proposed modern variant based on the improved C-130J Super Hercules model.
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the Lockheed L-100 Hercules. Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national aircraft listing.

Total Production: 114 Units

Contractor(s): Lockheed - USA
National flag of Algeria National flag of Argentina National flag of Canada National flag of Ecuador National flag of Gabon National flag of Indonesia National flag of Kuwait National flag of Libya National flag of Peru National flag of the Philippines National flag of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia National flag of South Africa National flag of the United Arab Emirates National flag of the United States

[ Algeria; Argentina; Canada; Ecuador; Gabon; Indonesia; Kuwait; Libya; Peru; Philippines; Saudi Arabia; South Africa; United Arab Emirates; United States ]
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Image of the Lockheed L-100 Hercules
Distance view of the Lockheed L-100 Hercules transport.
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Image of the Lockheed L-100 Hercules
Low angled, left side view of the Lockheed L-100 Hercules transport
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Image of the Lockheed L-100 Hercules
View of the tail unit and cargo ramp door on a Lockheed L-100 Hercules transport.

Going Further...
The Lockheed L-100 Hercules Civilian Cargo Transport Aircraft appears in the following collections:
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