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IAI Searcher

Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) [ 1992 ]

The IAI Searcher UAV replaced both the IAI Scout and Tadiran Mastiff UAV types in Israeli Army service.

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 06/22/2022 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.

The Israelis realized the value of drones in warfare before most and developed a very mature industry to fulfill a bevy of running requirements. Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) has become a major contributor in the field and, beginning in 1992, added the "Searcher" - a reconnaissance-minded Unmanned Aerial Vehicle for scouting and surveillance sorties over friendly and enemy airspace. The type is a conventionally-powered system with a traditional design managing a payload of equipment. The series has spawned the original "Searcher 1" of 1992 which has since been followed by the "Searcher 2" of 1998. Searchers have been sold abroad to a select few allied powers in Asia.

Searcher 2 fields a payload capacity of 150lbs consisting of tracking systems, sensors and camera equipment. Its gross weight is 1,100lbs making it manageable by few personnel on the ground. The airframe maintains a running length of 19 feet, 2 inches with a wingspan measuring 28 feet. Height is listed at 4 feet. The overall design consists of a fuselage nacelle straddled by a pair of high-mounted straight wing assemblies at midships. Two thin tubular booms emanate from the trailing edge of the wings and connect at a horizontal assembly to which a pair of vertical fins are situated. The nose is well-sloped for aerodynamic efficiency. The drone is powered by a single Limbach L550 series engine of 47 horsepower driving a three-bladed propeller assembly fitting to the rear of the fuselage in a "pusher" configuration. Performance specifications include a top speed of 125 miles per hour, an operating service ceiling of 20,000 feet and a mission endurance time of eighteen hours. The undercarriage is fixed in position and consists of a single-wheeled nose leg and a pair of single-wheeled main legs.

The Searcher series is in use with the forces of Israel, India, South Korea, Singapore, Thailand and Turkey. They have been seen in the standard light sky gray finish and a desert-minded camouflage scheme.
October 2020 - Azerbaijan has been using its fleet of Searcher UAVs in its war against neighboring Armenia.©MilitaryFactory.com
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Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) - Israel
Azerbaijan; India; Israel; South Korea; Singapore; Thailand; Turkey
Operators National flag of Azerbaijan National flag of India National flag of Israel National flag of Singapore National flag of South Korea National flag of Thailand National flag of Turkey
Service Year
National Origin
Project Status

Aircraft inherently designed (or later developed) with an unmanned capability to cover a variety of over-battlefield roles.

19.2 ft
(5.85 meters)
28.0 ft
(8.54 meters)
4.1 ft
(1.25 meters)
772 lb
(350 kilograms)
Empty Weight
1,102 lb
(500 kilograms)
Maximum Take-Off Weight
+331 lb
(+150 kg)
Weight Difference

1 x Limbach L550 engine of 47 horsepower.
124 mph
(200 kph | 108 knots)
Max Speed
20,013 ft
(6,100 m | 4 miles)

MACH Regime (Sonic)
RANGES (MPH) Subsonic: <614mph | Transonic: 614-921 | Supersonic: 921-3836 | Hypersonic: 3836-7673 | Hi-Hypersonic: 7673-19180 | Reentry: >19030

None. Payload consists of optics and sensors for the ISR role.

Searcher - Base Series Designation.
Searcher Mk I - First Generation Model of 1992.
Searcher Mk II - Improved Second Generation Model of 1998.
Searcher Mk III - Updated Searcher UAV platform.

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Image of the IAI Searcher
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