×
Aircraft / Aviation Vehicles & Artillery Infantry Arms Warships & Submarines Military Pay Scale Global Military Ranks
HOME
AVIATION / AEROSPACE
MODERN AIR FORCES
COUNTRIES
MANUFACTURERS
COMPARE
BY CONFLICT
BY TYPE
BY DECADE
COLD WAR
WORLD WAR 2

VL Myrsky (Storm)


Fighter / Fighter-Bomber / Reconnaissance Aircraft


Aviation / Aerospace

1 / 2
Left side view of the Finnish Air Force VL Myrsky fighter
2 / 2
Frotn left side view of the VL Myrsky fighter of Finnish origin

The indigenous Finnish VL Myrsky fighter series led a relatively short operational life and saw limited production numbers.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 4/26/2019 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com
Prior to its war with the Soviets, Finnish authorities were contemplating an indigenous fighter design to stock its fledgling air force. By the middle of 1939, the program had gained some traction but no products were ready by November when the Soviet Union invaded Finland to spark the "Winter War". The conflict resulted in an "interim peace" in March of 1940 though the war no doubt put Finnish authorities on alert, giving further traction to the indigenous fighter design initiative known as the VL Myrsky ("Storm"). The Myrsky was produced through the state-owned Valtion Lentokonetehdas concern (hence the "VL" in the designation) with design work beginning in 1941 under the leadership of Edward Wageluis.

The Myrsky was of conventional design arrangement as piston-powered aircraft of the time go. The type was characterized by its low-monoplane wing assemblies (fitting ahead of center) and its forward-mounted radial piston engine powering a three-bladed propeller. The cockpit was set along the center of the design with good views to either side and rather limiting views forward overlooking the long nose. The empennage was traditional in its arrangement with a short, rounded vertical tailfin and applicable rounded horizontal tailplanes. The undercarriage was retractable and made up two single-wheeled main landing gear legs and a tail wheel. The Myrsky was managed by a single pilot. Wingspan measured 11 meters with a fuselage length of 8.35 meters. Construction was of wood and metal.

The Myrsky was completed with an SFA-Pratt & Whitney Twin Wasp R-1830-SC3-G series 14-cylinder air-cooled radial piston engine of 1,650 horsepower output and fitted to a compartment ahead of the cockpit. This supplied the mount with a top speed of 328 miles per hour with a service ceiling of 29,500 feet and operational range of 580 miles. The engine was originally an American product produced under license in Sweden before making its way into the Finnish product.

Armament was a keen consideration for any fighter and the Myrsky was given 4 x 12.7mm LKK/42 heavy machine guns, all fitted to the forward fuselage and synchronized to fire through the spinning propeller blades. Provision was made for the carrying of 2 x 100 kilogram conventional drop bombs for strike sorties.

First flight of a prototype was recorded on December 23rd, 1941 and the aircraft was assigned the designation of "Myrsky I" . Three pre-production aircraft were then constructed for trials and testing quickly revealed several notable design flaws, particularly with the wings which were prone to break from the fuselage under certain stresses. The landing gear legs also proved weak and new processes were introduced to both areas for added strength. As a result of such dangerous issues, not one of the four completed airframes would survive their trials - all being lost to accident and two test pilots being killed in the process.

In 1943, production was underway for the revised "Myrsky II" of which 47 aircraft were ultimately completed. The aircraft was then placed into operational service with awaiting Finnish reconnaissance and fighter groups in August of 1944 and saw service in the "Continuation War" (June 1941-September 1944) against the Soviet Union. Myrskys were used in both fighter and fighter-bomber roles which complemented the arrival of very capable Messerschmitt BF 109G fighters being delivered from Germany. By all accounts, the Finnish design was adequate in the roles presented though it is said that her pilots never held a true appreciation for the type mostly due to less than stellar performance. The continuation war ended with a Soviet victory solidified through the Moscow Armistice. Finland then turned on the Germans in the "Lapland War" which spanned October 1944 to the end of World War 2 in April of 1945, officially ending German influence in the country.

The Myrsky II managed an existence that outlasted the war for she was still being actively flown well into 1947 and ultimately retired from Finnish Air Force service in 1948. An improved variant, the "Myrsky III", entered construction but none were completed and thusly never saw operational service. In all, 51 Myrsky I and Myrsky II aircraft were produced and all served with Finland.


Specifications



Year:
1943
Status
Retired, Out-of-Service
Crew
1
[ 51 Units ] :
Valtion lentokonetehdas - Finland
National flag of Finland Finland
- Fighter
- Ground Attack
- Reconnaissance (RECCE)
Length:
27.40 ft (8.35 m)
Width:
36.09 ft (11 m)
Height:
9.84 ft (3 m)
(Showcased structural dimension values pertain to the VL Myrsky (Storm) production model)
Empty Weight:
5,478 lb (2,485 kg)
MTOW:
7,083 lb (3,213 kg)
(Diff: +1,605lb)
(Showcased weight values pertain to the VL Myrsky (Storm) production model)
1 x SFA-Pratt & Whitney Twin Wasp R-183-SC3-G 14-cylinder air-cooled radial piston engine developing 1,065 horsepower.
(Showcased powerplant information pertains to the VL Myrsky (Storm) production model)
Max Speed:
329 mph (529 kph; 286 kts)
Service Ceiling:
29,495 feet (8,990 m; 5.59 miles)
Max Range:
580 miles (933 km; 504 nm)
Rate-of-Climb:
3,000 ft/min (914 m/min)
(Showcased performance values pertain to the VL Myrsky (Storm) production model; Compare this aircraft entry against any other in our database)
STANDARD:
4 x 12.7mm LKK/42 machine guns in fuselage

OPTIONAL:
2 x 220lb bombs underwing
(Showcased armament details pertain to the VL Myrsky (Storm) production model)
Myrsky I - Prototype Designation; appearing in December of 1941; 4 examples completed.
Myrsky II - Initial Production Models; 47 examples completed.
Myrsky III - Proposed follow-up variant of 1943; never produced.
Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur War
Military lapel ribbon for experimental x-plane aircraft
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.

Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies


The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com.

Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world and WDMMA.org, the World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft.


Facebook Logo YouTube Logo

www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-