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EMT Luna X-2000

Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV)

EMT Luna X-2000

Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV)

OVERVIEW
SPECIFICATIONS
ARMAMENT
VARIANTS
HISTORY
MEDIA
OVERVIEW



The medium-class Luna X-2000 reconnaissance drone is in service with the modern German Army.
National Flag Graphic
ORIGIN: Germany
YEAR: 2000
STATUS: Active, In-Service
MANUFACTURER(S): EMT Penzberg - Germany
PRODUCTION: 40
OPERATORS: Germany
SPECIFICATIONS



Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the EMT Luna X-2000 model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.
CREW: 0
LENGTH: 7.74 feet (2.36 meters)
WIDTH: 13.68 feet (4.17 meters)
WEIGHT (EMPTY): 44 pounds (20 kilograms)
WEIGHT (MTOW): 88 pounds (40 kilograms)
ENGINE: 1 x 2-cylinder conventional engine.
SPEED (MAX): 43 miles-per-hour (70 kilometers-per-hour; 38 knots)
CEILING: 11,483 feet (3,500 meters; 2.17 miles)




ARMAMENT



None. Payload can consist of optical equipment, sensors and jamming equipment.
VARIANTS



Series Model Variants
• X-2000 "Luna" - Base Series Designation


HISTORY



Detailing the development and operational history of the EMT Luna X-2000 Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV).  Entry last updated on 10/26/2018. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
The EMT Luna series of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (Luna X-2000) is billed as a short-range, all-weather airborne reconnaissance and surveillance platform and is currently in operational service with the German Army. Such UAV systems, while not armed to engage enemy forces, have proven vital cogs in the modern machinery of war for their providing of real-time information to commanders on the ground. These systems are able to track individual targets and further laser designate them for awaiting strike teams or vehicles on the ground. The Luna provides its operators with a very capable airborne "eye in the sky" and has already seen extensive operational service over the Balkans and Afghanistan through as many as 6,000 sorties to date. The system has proved itself a sound and highly capable UAV regardless of environment. Like most other UAVs in this class, the Luna is marketed as both a military-minded and civilian-minded UAV, adaptable for variable mission needs that go beyond reconnaissance and surveillance and can include search and rescue and monitoring of environmental effects such as wildfires and volcanic eruptions. The Luna is manufactured by the German concern of EMT Penzberg and the German military has made use of the EMT Luna since March of 2000. Total procured units to date is thought to be about 40 examples.

The external design of the Luna series is a mix of both highly conventional and unorthodox shapes when compared to other UAVs in this class. The fuselage is of a well-contoured, teardrop shape that bulges at the front and tapers at the rear. Payloads are contained in the lower forward portions of the fuselage design. The wings are straight appendages fitted to either side of the fuselage and each sport clipped wingtips. The empennage displays a traditional vertical tail fin (also clipped at its top) while the horizontal planes are set well aft and these exhibit additional, downward extending vertical tail fins. One of the more interesting design elements of the Luna is its mounting of the engine along the spine of the fuselage atop a root extension aft of the nose assembly. The Luna lacks anything in the way of a conventional undercarriage and is therefore launched into the air via a catapult and is recoverable via an integrated parachute to help retard its fall.

The engine powers a three-bladed propeller in a "pusher" configuration and is a 2-cylinder, 2-stroke installation. This allows the UAV to hit speeds of 43 miles per hour and reach altitudes of up to 11,500 feet with a mission endurance time between six and eight hours. The design manages a wingspan of 13.6 feet with a running length of 7.7 feet and - despite her rather "light" appearance in print - the Luna is an exceptionally large UAV system that requires many hands to lift. The Luna can be further broken down into key components for transport.




EMT Luna X-2000 (Cont'd)

Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV)

EMT Luna X-2000 (Cont'd)

Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV)



Like other modern UAVs, the heart and soul of the Luna system is her payload which usually consists of cameras and sensor equipment. To help speed up changes to mission parameters, Luna payload is specifically designed to be modular in its very nature assuring that ground personnel can quickly exchange any current payload for another arrangement within time. Beyond the conventional camera and infrared systems available, the Luna can be outfitted with specialized sensors to monitor the atmosphere for Nuclear, Biological and Chemical (NBC) contaminants or deliver data gathering for meteorological use. The Luna can also be given payloads designed to target enemy radio and radar transmissions which broadens its military applications for the modern warfighter.

Luna UAVs are designed to operate as far out as 62 miles from its control station (it is inherently a short-ranged system). It is fully autonomous in that it can fly to preset waypoints under its own control without input from the ground-based pilot. The actual pilot control station consists of a flight stick-type controller and keyboard with four full-color monitors to relay current mission details, in-flight data monitoring of onboard systems and the all-important camera feed - all delivered in real-time. The entire Luna system - including the UAV, crew and command station - can be airlifted to anywhere in the world via a medium-class military transport helicopter or similar.

EMT Penzberg began operations in 1978 and has served the military aviation community for decades. More recently, the firm has developed a series of unarmed micro-, small- and medium-sized fixed -wing and rotary-wing UAVs for military use.




MEDIA









Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

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Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 50mph
Lo: 25mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (43mph).

    Graph average of 37.5 miles-per-hour.
Aviation Era
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Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
40
40

  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
Small airplane graphic
Supported Roles
A2A
Interception
UAV
Ground Attack
CAS
Training
ASW
Anti-Ship
AEW
MEDEVAC
EW
Maritime/Navy
SAR
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
VIP
Passenger
Business
Recon
SPECOPS
X-Plane/Development
A2A=Air-to-Air; UAV=Unmanned; CAS=Close Support; ASW=Anti-Submarine; AEW=Airborne Early Warning; MEDEVAC=Medical Evac; EW=Electronic Warfare; SAR=Search-Rescue
Commitments / Honors
Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur War
Military lapel ribbon for experimental x-plane aircraft
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.